Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Questions for IBPS PO 2018

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams like IBPS PO is to practice continuously with all your heart and soul. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers.)

Input: 41 birds 8 sing 92 sights 61 seldom 53 dove
Step I: 8 41 birds sing 92 sights 61 seldom 53 dove
Step II: 8 sights 41 birds sing 92 61 seldom 53 dove
Step III: 8 sights 41 seldom birds sing 92 61 53 dove
Step IV: 8 sights 41 seldom 53 birds sing 92 61 dove
Step V: 8 sights 41 seldom 53 birds 61 sing 92 dove
Step V is the last step, find out in each of the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: 20 africa 12 america 76 best bear 64 light 56

Q1. How many steps will be required to complete the rearrangement?
Eight
Five
Six
Nine
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) The machine rearranges the numbers and words in each step alternatively and starting from a number.
(ii) The numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right.
(iii) The words are arranged in descending order in terms of the number of alphabets in a given word from left to right. If two words contain the same number of alphabets then they are arranged in increasing order of the number of vowels in the word. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question

Input: 20 africa 12 america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step I: 12 20 africa america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step II: 12 america 20 africa 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step III: 12 america 20 africa 56 76 best bear 64 light
Step IV: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 76 best bear 64
Step V: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 76 best bear
Step VI: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 best 76 bear
Step VI is the final step of the rearrangement.

Q2. Which step number is the following output?
Input: 12 america 20 light 56 best 64 africa 76
Step V
Step III
Step VI
Step IV
There will be no such step
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) The machine rearranges the numbers and words in each step alternatively and starting from a number.
(ii) The numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right.
(iii) The words are arranged in descending order in terms of the number of alphabets in a given word from left to right. If two words contain the same number of alphabets then they are arranged in increasing order of the number of vowels in the word. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question

Input: 20 africa 12 america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step I: 12 20 africa america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step II: 12 america 20 africa 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step III: 12 america 20 africa 56 76 best bear 64 light
Step IV: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 76 best bear 64
Step V: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 76 best bear
Step VI: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 best 76 bear
Step VI is the final step of the rearrangement.

Q3. Which of the following represents the position of ‘africa’ in Step III?
Fourth from the left
Sixth from the left
Fourth from the right
Second from the right
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) The machine rearranges the numbers and words in each step alternatively and starting from a number.
(ii) The numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right.
(iii) The words are arranged in descending order in terms of the number of alphabets in a given word from left to right. If two words contain the same number of alphabets then they are arranged in increasing order of the number of vowels in the word. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question

Input: 20 africa 12 america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step I: 12 20 africa america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step II: 12 america 20 africa 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step III: 12 america 20 africa 56 76 best bear 64 light
Step IV: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 76 best bear 64
Step V: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 76 best bear
Step VI: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 best 76 bear
Step VI is the final step of the rearrangement.

Q4. Which word/number would be at the seventh position from the right in Step VI?
africa
20
76
light
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) The machine rearranges the numbers and words in each step alternatively and starting from a number.
(ii) The numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right.
(iii) The words are arranged in descending order in terms of the number of alphabets in a given word from left to right. If two words contain the same number of alphabets then they are arranged in increasing order of the number of vowels in the word. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question

Input: 20 africa 12 america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step I: 12 20 africa america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step II: 12 america 20 africa 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step III: 12 america 20 africa 56 76 best bear 64 light
Step IV: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 76 best bear 64
Step V: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 76 best bear
Step VI: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 best 76 bear
Step VI is the final step of the rearrangement.

Q5. Which of the following will be the penultimate step?
12 20 africa america 76 best bear 64 light 56
12 america 20 light 56 africa 64 best 76 bear
12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 76 best bear
12 america 20 light 56 best 64 africa 76 bear
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) The machine rearranges the numbers and words in each step alternatively and starting from a number.
(ii) The numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right.
(iii) The words are arranged in descending order in terms of the number of alphabets in a given word from left to right. If two words contain the same number of alphabets then they are arranged in increasing order of the number of vowels in the word. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question

Input: 20 africa 12 america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step I: 12 20 africa america 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step II: 12 america 20 africa 76 best bear 64 light 56
Step III: 12 america 20 africa 56 76 best bear 64 light
Step IV: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 76 best bear 64
Step V: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 76 best bear
Step VI: 12 america 20 africa 56 light 64 best 76 bear
Step VI is the final step of the rearrangement.

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

Six persons A, B, C, D, F and G belongs to six different Indian cities i.e. Chandigarh, Varanasi, Delhi, Jodhpur, Bombay and Banglore. They all stays in different countries i.e. UK, Iran, USA, New Zealand, Jamaica and Japan. Each of them has a different occupation viz. Wrestler, Cyclist, Priest, Teacher, Surfer and Marathon Runner. G stays in Japan and he is from Varanasi but he is neither a Cyclist nor a Priest. A is from Chandigarh and she is a wrestler. The one who stays in UK is a Teacher and he is not from Banglore or Jodhpur. D is from Delhi and she is a Priest. The one who is a Marathon Runner stays in Jamaica. Neither B nor F stays in Jamaica. F does not stay in UK or USA and he is not from Jodhpur nor from Bombay. The one who has her occupation as a wrestler stays in Iran.

Q6. Who among the following is a surfer?
A
D
B
C
G
Solution:

Q7. Who among the following stays in New Zealand?
A
D
F
G
None of these
Solution:

Q8. Which of the following combination is correctly matched?
Jamaica-Cyclist-Banglore
Japan-Varanasi- Wrestler
USA-Delhi-Marathon Runner
New Zealand- Cyclist-Jodhpur
UK-Teacher-Bombay
Solution:

Q9. Which of the following options denotes a group of males?
DAC0
DA
BD
CFBG
FBG
Solution:

Q10. Who amongst the following are from Chandigarh and Delhi respectively?
G and D
B and A
C and D
A and D
F and B
Solution:

Q11. Robin is sitting to left of Latika, Manoj is sitting between Ramesh and Latika. If Govind is also to the left of Latika, who is extreme left ?
Robin
Govind
Ramesh
Can't be determined
None of these
Solution:
Can’t be determined

Q12. Among six people – A, B, C, D, E and F each of a different age, A is younger than only D. Only three people are younger than C. F is younger than E. F is not the youngest. Who amongst the following is the youngest?
B
A
E
C
None of these
Solution:
D > A > C > E > F > B

Q13. Raman sits 16th from left end of the row and Yamini sits 8th from the right end of the row. Raman and Yamini interchange their positions, after interchanging the position Raman position is 20th from left end. Find the number of boys and number of girls in the row, if boys and girls are in the ratio of 6:3. All are seated in a row and facing towards north?
18 boys, 9 girls
9 boys, 18 girls
17 boys, 10 girls
Can’t be determined
None of these
Solution:
After interchanging the position, Raman position will be 8th from right end and his position is given from left end that is 20th.
Hence total number of persons in a row= 20+8-1= 27 persons
Boys and girls ratio is given 6:3
Let boys= 6x and girls=3x 6x+3x= 27,
hence x=3 Boys= 18, girls= 9

Q14. Amongst five friends, each got a different percentage of marks in the examination. D scored more than H but less than E. E scored 78% marks. F scored less marks than only G. The one who scored the minimum marks scored 75% marks and the one, who scored the highest, scored 99% marks. Then who scored the second lowest marks?
H
G
F
E
D
Solution:
G(99%) > F > E (78%) > D >H (75%)

Q15. There are 56 students in the class and boys are triple than the girls. Some students are seated in the row and every boy sits just behind and just ahead of each girl until every girl is not seated starting from one end of the row. If twelve boys are not seated in the row, then how many boys sits continuously without any girl?
20
17
22
18
None of these
Solution:
Total=56 Suppose- Girl=x, Boys= 3x
Then boys=42 and girls= 14

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