English Language Quiz For IBPS PO Mains: 17th November

Dear Aspirants,

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English Language Quiz For IBPS PO

IBPS PO Prelims and exam result is out. Now the next step is to clear the Mains examination. Thus, the English Language can be an impetus for your success by saving time and scoring well. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions for upcoming IBPS PO Mains exam 2018.




Directions (1-3): In the following question, a part of the sentence is given in bold; it is then followed by three sentences which try to explain the meaning of the phrase given in bold. Choose the best set of alternatives from the five options given below each question which explains the meaning of the phrase correctly without altering the meaning of the sentence given to the question.
 Q1. The so-called nationalists are clearly off-target when they miss the point that patriotism arises from a genuine love of one’s country, having a stake in its welfare ~ it cannot be indoctrinated through symbolic gestures.
(I)The ones who call themselves nationalists are clearly off-target when they miss the point that patriotism arises from an unfeigned love of one’s country and having a stake in its welfare rather than persuading it through symbolic deeds.
(II)Most of the time the so-called nationalists miss the point that patriotism cannot be drilled through allusive acts rather it transpires from a true love of one’s country and being supportive in its prosperity.
(III)Any symbolic actions to prove patriotism cannot be considered a genuine love of one’s country and that’s what the so-called nationalists miss to make a point.
Only (I) is correct
Only (III) is correct
Both (I) and (III) are correct
Both (II) and (III) are correct
All are correct
Solution:
The phrase given in bold “it cannot be indoctrinated through symbolic gestures” implies that patriotism cannot be taught or shown through symbolic deeds. Thus among the three statements, statement (I) and (III) provide the exact and the most suitable meaning of the phrase in the context of its usage in the sentence. Hence (c) is the correct option. Statement (II) is incorrect as the word allusive means to contain suggestion rather than explicit mention whereas the whole issue is revolving around the propagandizing of patriotism.

Q2. The Right to Education Act, which has not been as effective as initially envisaged in 2010, might well flounder on the rock of teaching ~ a cruel irony of what was once packaged as a fundamental entitlement.
(I)The Right to Education Act has not been as effective as initially anticipated in 2010 which might well work against the process of teaching, envisioning a cruel irony of what was once packaged as a fundamental entitlement.
(II)The Right to Education Act that was once packaged as a fundamental entitlement has not been as effective as initially envisaged in 2010 and might struggle ironically due to the teaching flaws. (III)The Right to Education Act has given way to a cruel irony of what was once packaged as a fundamental entitlement owing to its ineffectiveness as envisioned in 2010 and might prosper the foundation of teaching in the process.
Only (I) is correct
Only (II) is correct
Both (II) and (III) are correct
Both (I) and (II) are correct
All are correct
Solution:
The word “flounder” in the phrase given in bold “might well flounder on the rock of teaching” means “be in serious difficulty.” Thus among the given three sentences, statements (I) and (III) can be eliminated as they give a vague and inappropriate meaning of the phrase to the sentences. However, only statement (II) provides the exact and the most suitable meaning of the phrase in the context of its usage in the sentence. Hence (B) is the correct choice.

Q3. Sometimes dreams are such a far cry from reality that they do make for somewhat entertaining cocktail party conversation.
(I)Dreams are intermittently illusory, framing somewhat entertaining cocktail party conversation. (II)Sometimes dreams are so funny that they foster entertaining cocktail party conversation. (III)Sometimes dreams are so much different from reality that they tend to result in somewhat entertaining cocktail party conversation.
Only (I) is correct
Only (II) is correct
Both (I) and (II) are correct
Both (I) and (III) are correct
All are correct
Solution:
The phrase “far cry from reality” implies very different from reality. Thus among the three given statements, only statements (I) and (III) provide the correct meaning of the phrase without altering the meaning of the actual sentence. The second statement gives a very different meaning to the phrase which is incorrect. Hence (D) is the correct choice.

Directions (4-5): Rearrange the following sentences to form a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions that follow.
Q4. If Sentence (C), “India’s surge in the latest World Bank report on “the ease of doing business” around the world — from the 130th position last year to the 100th — could not have come at a better time for the government.”is the first sentence, what is the order of other sentences after rearrangement?
(A) He reiterated the commitment to pursue more reforms, especially in areas where the Index still rates India poorly among 190 countries.
(B) Specific steps to cut red tape seem to be paying off, with the Bank recognising India as one of the top 10 countries that have made improvement over the past year, and the only large country to see a significant shift.
(C) India’s surge in the latest World Bank report on “the ease of doing business” around the world — from the 130th position last year to the 100th — could not have come at a better time for the government.
(D) Prime Minister NarendraModi has set for his government the target of entering the top 50 in the Bank’s index, from the 142nd rank India was placed at in 2014 soon after he assumed office.
(E) The introduction of the new insolvency and bankruptcy resolution process, simplifications in the payment of statutory dues such as provident fund contributions and corporate taxes and easier access to credit are among the key changes that spurred India’s latest ranking.
(F) Facing sustained criticism of late over its handling of the economy, it was not entirely surprising that Finance Minister ArunJaitley held a press conference just to discuss the findings of the Bank’s report.
FADBE
ABDEF
DEABF
BDFEA
DFBAE
Solution:
As mentioned in the question, if sentence (C) is the first sentence then the correct order of other sentences after rearrangement is FADBE.

Q5. If sentence (D), “The number of deaths and the incidence rate have been falling both globally and in India.” is the last sentence of the paragraph, then which of the following sentences does not fit into the paragraph formed after rearranging other sentences?
(A) Incidence estimates for India are considered interim, pending a national TB prevalence survey scheduled for 2017-2018.
(B)Notably, domestic funding (74%, $387 million) for anti-TB work has been more than that from international sources (26%, $124 million).
(C) There is a glimmer of hope with India registering a slight drop in the number of new tuberculosis cases and TB deaths in 2016 compared with 2015.
(D) The number of deaths and the incidence rate have been falling both globally and in India.
(E) In terms of mortality, the drop was from 0.51 million in 2015 to 0.43 million in 2016.
(F) From an estimated 2.84 million new cases in 2015, the number dropped marginally to 2.79 million in 2016, according to the World Health Organisation’s Global tuberculosis report, 2017.
A
C
E
B
F
Solution:
Read the sentences and we can easily point out that sentences CFAED forms a coherent paragraph as it talks about the statistics of the drop in number of cases of Tuberculosis in India as compared to previous year while sentence (D) which fails to connect with other sentences talks about the funding for anti TB work. Hence option (D) is the correct choice.

Directions (6-8): Select the phrase/connector (STARTERS) from the given three options which can be used to form a single sentence from the two sentences given below, implying the same meaning as expressed in the statement sentences.
Q6. (1)A person can be charged with sedition only if he incites violence or intends to create disorder through speech or writing.
(2)The Constitutional Bench of the Supreme Court in the Kedarnath case came up with the judgment. (I)If a person is charged with…
(II)According to the judgment of the…
(III)In the Kedarnath case…
Only (I) is correct
Only (II) is correct
Both (I) and (III) are correct
Both (II) and (III) are correct
All are correct
Solution:
Both the starters (II) and (III) are correct to frame the meaningful sentence. The first one is incorrect as it would alter the meaning of the sentence. (II)According to the judgment of the Constitutional Bench of the Supreme Court in the Kedarnath case, a person can be charged with sedition only if he incites violence or intends to create disorder through speech or writing. (III)In the Kedarnath case, the Constitutional Bench of the Supreme Court came up with the judgment that a person can be charged with sedition only if he incites violence or intends to create disorder through speech or writing.

Q7. (1) Mr. Debroy said that the only good way to obtain satisfactory jobs data is through household surveys and that the previous National Sample Survey was released in 2011, and the next one will release data only in 2018.
(2) He stressed that there is no good data regarding jobs, employment and unemployment. (I)Stressing that there is no…
(II)In defiance of good way to…
(III)To obtain satisfactory jobs…
Only (I) is correct
Only (III) is correct
Both (I) and (II) are correct
Both (II) and (III) are correct
All are correct
Solution:
Among the given three starters, only (I) is correct enough to fulfill the required purpose. The other two would alter the meaning of the sentence. (I)Stressing that there is no good data regarding jobs, employment and unemployment, Mr. Debroy said the only good way to obtain satisfactory jobs data is through household surveys and that the previous National Sample Survey was released in 2011, and the next one will release data only in 2018.

Q8. (1)Germany saw its position enhanced, albeit obliquely via the tradition of having a European head of the IMF.
(2)Japan’s frustrations led it to create the Asian Development Bank as its major channel of development funding.
(I)Creating the Asian Development ….
(II)While Germany did see its…
(III)Regardless of Japan’s frustrations…
Only (I) is correct
Only (II) is correct
Both (I) and (II) are correct
Both (I) and (III) are correct
All are correct
Solution:
Starter (II) provides a meaningful and common sentence. The third one is incorrect as it doesn’t have the correct structure to start a sentence. (II)While Germany did see its position enhanced, albeit obliquely via the tradition of having a European head of the IMF, Japan’s frustrations led it to create the Asian Development Bank as its major channel of development funding.

Directions (9-9): In the question given below an inference is given in bold which is then followed by three paragraphs. You have to find the paragraph(s) from where it is inferred. Choose the option with the best possible outcome as your choice.
 Q9. A wealth of linguistic richness exists outside what are called the official languages of India. (1)Uttarakhand is home to Hindi and many Pahari languages like Garhwali, Kumaoni and Jaunsari. Sanskrit has been given the status of second official language in the state. But besides these languages, many Tibeto-Burman languages are also spoken in this region, including Bhoti, Jad, Rangkas, Darmiya, Byangsi, and Chaudangsi.

 (2)There is proof of the intermixing of Dravidian and Indo-Aryan languages through the pockets of Dravidian-based languages on remote areas of Pakistan, and interspersed areas of North India. In addition, there is a whole science regarding the tonal and cultural expression within the regional languages that are quite standard across India. Thus this process creates languages which deviate from its original structure.

 (3)Among the most persistent myths about languages in India is that Sanskrit is the ancestor of all Indian languages. This is as stubborn a myth as the other myth about Hindi being India’s national language. (It isn’t. The constitutional status of Hindi is that of an “official” language, along with English.)
Only (1)
Only (3)
Both (1) and (2)
Both (2) and (3)
All of the above
Solution:
Examine the inference carefully, it implies that the languages, besides officially considered ones describe the linguistic richness of our country. Among these three passages, paragraphs (1) and (2) describe the different languages being spoken in the state of Uttarakhand and North India and their importance in creating vast linguistic diversity. Thus both the paragraphs generate the same inference. However, in the case of the paragraph (3), there is a mention of myths related to official language of the country. Thus it doesn’t agree with the given inference. Hence both the paragraphs (1) and (2) derive the similar inference, “A wealth of linguistic richness exists outside what are called the official languages of India.”

Directions (10-10): In the question given below a paragraph has been given from which one sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.
Q10. Since 2011, the author estimates that close to Rs4 trillion of shareholder value was eroded when the stock price of non-performing assets (NPA) and stressed companies fell by 95% to 99% from their pre-default days. _______________________________. Specifically, it refers to the failure of the defaulted company’s management and board to promptly disclose the company’s default to the exchange. To the extent that a debt-servicing default can potentially erode equity value, in terms of shareholder impact it ranks in the same category as mergers/acquisitions. The absence of prompt disclosure is a disservice to investors.
This massive erosion of shareholder value is a direct outcome of a system-wide corporate governance failure.
It appears that incompetent boards thrive under ignorant, apathetic investors.
The board of directors and senior management shall conduct themselves so as to meet the expectations of operational transparency to stakeholders.
Of course one may argue that a BoD may not have access to information on whether the company was defaulting on any financial obligation.
In the same quarter last year, the bank recorded a net profit of Rs405.14 crore.
Solution:
The given paragraph is about the erosion of shareholder value due to Non-Performing Assets (NPA) and the failure of the defaulted company’s management and board to promptly disclose the company’s default to the exchange. Among the given options, there is only sentence (a) fits perfectly into the blank space. The sentence adds meaning to the paragraph and at the same time it correctly follows the first sentence of the paragraph. Other options are irrelevant in the context of the paragraph. Hence (a) is the correct choice.

Directions (11-15): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below them.
 Paragraph 1: Coupled with a continual increase in voluntary unemployment, the International Labour Organisation expects unemployment in India to be higher in 2018. In a country where 65% of the population is below 35 years, unemployment, especially among youth, can limit the nation’s ability to reap the much-hyped demographic dividend. Recognizing this challenge, a wide range of stakeholders, including the government, companies, civil society organizations, and for-profit enterprises are working either independently or in cohesion to enhance youth employability.

Paragraph 2: The answer to the unemployability perhaps lies in the enormity of the challenge in India—more needs to be done to make a noticeable dent. Additionally, several other challenges give a unique colour to the problem. First, unemployment is higher among the formally educated in comparison to the illiterate. Second, there is higher youth unemployment in rural areas, while most interventions focus on urban areas. Third, there is a mismatch between the skill sets that industries require and the skill sets that youth are equipped with. These structural challenges result in a demand-supply mismatch which can be summarized as a) mismatch between youth aspirations and the skills training being provided, b) mismatch in skills training and industry needs, and c) poor industry buy-in for vocational training courses because of lack of standardization and universally accepted certification.

Paragraph 3: solutions, therefore, must focus on understanding aspirations, industry requirements and standardization across the skill-development value chain. Well-designed interventions will be effective only if the candidates are willing, receptive and capable of absorbing the knowledge or skill being imparted by the intervention. Further, candidates may already possess specific complementary skill sets that could provide them with a competitive advantage. A candidate-selection framework would greatly enhance the efficacy of such interventions.

Paragraph 4: Similarly, while designing programmes, it is critical to map skills being imparted to the specific needs of potential employers so that the skilling-to-employment loop is closed seamlessly. A recent right to information request highlighted a failure of placement-led programmes undertaken by the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). Of the 800,145 candidates trained through non-scheme skilling programmes in 2016-17, only 48.4% received placements. As a result, NSDC plans to move to a model where training partners will receive funds as per the outcomes achieved which is a welcome move for strengthening the placement led programmes. Similarly, when it comes to designing programmes that focus on self-employment or entrepreneurship, it is important to assess demand for the product or service, and study policies or schemes that can be leveraged to enhance sales. This is critical as beneficiaries of such programmes are expected to source their own work after the training.

Paragraph 5: There is also scope for increased public-private partnerships. Most skilling organizations struggle to access premises and technical infrastructure/equipment, which constrains their scale. Public-private partnerships (PPPs) can use existing under-utilized infrastructure available with educational institutions to facilitate vocational training and skill development with regular analysis and monitoring. PPPs can also facilitate finance and market linkages. For instance, partnerships with financial institutions can provide the seed capital (through government schemes such as Stand-up India) required by beneficiaries of self-employment models to set up micro-businesses.
Q11. What is/are the factor(s) responsible for unemployability in India?
Low rate of manufacturing and production companies in India.
Lesser focus in rural areas compared to urban areas.
Subpar job specific training
Both (B) and (C)
All are correct
Solution:
We can conclude that sentences (B) and (C) are correct. Refer to the last 2 lines of the 2nd paragraph of the passage “(C) poor industry buy-in for vocational training courses because of lack of standardization and universally accepted certification”, it can be inferred that option (C) is correct as subpar means something that is below average, or below what is expected. Option (C) is also correct, refer to second paragraph of the passage, “there is higher youth unemployment in rural areas, while most interventions focus on urban areas.”

Q12. Which of the following step(s) should be taken in order to curb the rising unemployment? (I) Accessing premises and technical infrastructure for training. (II) Providing outcome-based funding to training partners (III) Accessing the policies for enhancing sales.
Only (II)
Both (I) and (III)
Only (III)
Both (II) and (III)
All are correct
Solution:
Refer the fourth paragraph of the passage in which it is stated that the NSDC planned to provide funds to training partners according to the outcomes achieved, which is the first move by NSDC for designing programmes and meeting the specific needs of potential employers. Hence option (D) is the most appropriate choice. Refer the lines “…As a result, NSDC plans to move to a model where training partners will receive funds as per the outcomes achieved.”

Q13. Why there is a mismatch between the skill sets that industries require and the skill sets that youth are equipped with?
Enterprises and stakeholders are working independently
Lack of scope in public-private partnership`
Inability in sourcing one’s own income
Improper assessment of the skills which are needed to be imparted as per the specific demand of employers.
None of these.
Solution:
Option (D) is the correct choice for the given question. Refer to the 4th paragraph of the passage, “Similarly, when it comes to designing programmes that focus on self-employment or entrepreneurship, it is important to assess demand for the product or service, and study policies or schemes that can be leveraged to enhance sales”, the key word is “assessing” and “similarly”. The author through his other case wants to imply that there is a lack of assessment by the placement led programmes.

Q14. Which of the following can be the reason for the increase in the voluntary unemployment?
Inability of the nation’s ability to reap the much-hyped demographic dividend.
Absence of candidate selection framework
Lack of outcome based funding
Improper comprehension of the youth’s aspiration
None of these.
Solution:
Option (D) is the correct choice. The “Voluntary Unemployment” refers to the situation when the worker deliberately chooses not to work because of a low wage scale or not able to find out the suitable employment for him. Refer to the 1st line of the 3rd paragraph of the passage, “solutions, therefore, must focus on understanding aspirations “. This was referring to the solution to the rising unemployment. As aspiration means a hope or ambition of achieving something, therefore, we can infer that the rise in the voluntary unemployment lies in the improper comprehension(understanding) of their ambitions or aspirations.

Q15. In this question, a word is given in bold which is then followed by four words. These four words are then followed by five options which give the combination of the words. Choose the combination of words which are “most similar to” the word given in bold?
CONSTRAINS
 (I) Coerce
(II) Contrive
 (III) Immure
(IV) Stifle
I-III
II-IV
I-IV
III-IV
I-II
Solution:
Option (D) is the correct choice as Immure and Stifle are similar in meaning to constrains. Constrain in the context of the passage means severely restrict the scope, extent, or activity of. Immure means enclose or confine (someone) against their will. Stifle means prevent or constrain (an activity or idea). Coerce means persuade (an unwilling person) to do something by using force or threats. Contrive means create or bring about (an object or a situation) by deliberate use of skill and artifice.

               




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