Cloze Test for IBPS Clerk Mains: 4th January 2019

English Language Quiz For IBPS Clerk Mains 

IBPS had conducted the IBPS Clerk Prelims Exam few weeks ago and the result will be out shortly. Now the next step is to clear the mains exam Thus, the English Language can be an impetus for their success by helping them save crucial time and score good points in lesser time and effort. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz on English Language being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions for IBPS Clerk Mains Exam.


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Directions (1-10): Given below is a passage filled with the blanks. Each blank is then followed by five choices and each choice has two options. You must choose the option in which both the words of the option fit in the blank given. 

Q1. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.

Indicative/Characteristic
Penniless/poor
Copious/Profuse
Immoral/Wicked
Intimidating/Menacing
Solution:
The most appropriate option to be filled in the blank is option (c).
Copious means abundant in supply or quantity.
Profuse means (especially of something offered or discharged) very plentiful; abundant.
As the next blank talks about the word amounts these two are the appropriate words.
Indicative- serving as a sign or indication of something.
Penniless means having no money; very poor.
Immoral not conforming to accepted standards of morality.
Wicked- evil or morally wrong.
Intimidating- frightening or overawing (someone), especially in order to make them do what one wants.
Menacing- suggesting the presence of danger; threatening.

Q2. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Bliss/Elation
Travesty/Distortion
Complacency/Contentment
Avaricious/Materialistic
Ceremonious/Solemn
Solution:
Option (b) is the most appropriate choice to be filled in the blank.
Travesty means a false, absurd, or distorted representation of something.
Distortion means the action of giving a misleading account or impression.
Bliss means the action of giving a misleading account or impression.
Elation means great happiness and exhilaration.
Complacency means uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one's achievements.
Contentment means satisfaction.
Avaricious means having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain.
Ceremonious means relating or appropriate to grand and formal occasions.
Solemn means formal and dignified.

Q3. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Soars/Escalates
Infers/Chokes
Subdues/Daunts
Standardizes/Assimilates
Franks/Blazes
Solution:
The most suitable option is option (a).
Soars means increases rapidly above the usual level.
Escalates means increases rapidly. As the sentence is talking about the population , we can only talk about the increase or decrease of it. Hence it is the most appropriate answer.
Infers means deduce or conclude (something) from evidence and reasoning rather than from explicit statements.
Chokes means suffocates.
Subdues means overcome, quieten, or bring under control (a feeling or person).
Daunt means make (someone) feel intimidated or apprehensive.
Assimilates means take in and understand fully (information or ideas).
Blazes means shines.

Q4. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Engrossing/Charming
Lush/Thriving
Sodden/Streaming
Arid/Barren
Cursed/Mesmerizing
Solution:
Option (d) is the answer as the word before it is dry and thus the next word that must follow it that is describing the plains must be arid which means having little or no rain; too dry or barren to support vegetation.
Barren means too poor to produce much or any vegetation.
Engrossing means absorbing all the attention or interest of.
Lush means (of vegetation, especially grass) growing luxuriantly.
Thriving means prosperous and growing; flourishing.
Sodden means saturated with liquid, especially water; soaked through.
Streaming means running or flowing in a continuous current in a specified direction.
Cursed means invoke or use a curse against.
Mesmerizing means capturing the complete attention of (someone); transfixing.

Q5. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Melodious/harmonious
Affluent/Opulent
Lonely/Secluded
Affluent/Effluent
Involved/Precluded
Solution:
Option (b) is the apt choice to be filled in the blank. As it is mentioned in the blank that Produce wasted in ‘what type of’ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility. Europe and U.S. are affluent and opulent countries thus meaning having a great deal of money; wealthy. Option (d) cannot be used as it has effluent as the choice too along with affluent which means liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea.
Melodious means pleasant-sounding.
Harmonious means free from disagreement or dissent.
Secluded means concealed.
Precluded means prevent from happening; make impossible.

Q6. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Branding/Stamping
Composing/Devising
Squandering/Dissipating
Inducing/Prompting
Replacing/substituting
Solution:
Option (c) is the most appropriate choice to be filled in the blank.
Squandering means wasting in a reckless or foolish manner.
Dissipating means wasting or frittering away.
Stamping means walking with heavy or forceful steps.
Devising means planning or inventing (a complex procedure, system, or mechanism) by careful thought.
Inducing means succeeding in persuading or leading (someone) to do something.
Prompting means causing or bringing about.

Q7. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Compensating/Reimbursing
Superficial/Exterior
Howling/Yelping
Fragile/Insubstantial
Potent/Vigorous
Solution:
Option (e) is the most suitable choice for the answer. Methane and carbon dioxide are compared by the use of superlative degree. So only words potent and vigorous fit in the blank.
Potent means having great power, influence, or effect.
Vigorous means strong, healthy, and full of energy.
Compensating means repaying.
Reimbursing means refunding , repaying.
Superficial means existing or occurring at or on the surface.
Howling means weeping and crying out loudly.
Yelping means screaming.
Fragile means (of an object) easily broken or damaged.
Insubstantial means lacking strength and solidity.

Q8. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Humanitarian/Benevolent
Inhumane/Brutal
Serene/Placid
Violent/intemperate
Dignified/Noble
Solution:
Option (a) is the most appropriate choice to be filled in the blank. When it comes to concern it can only be humanitarian or benevolent.
Humanitarian means concerned with or seeking to promote human welfare.
Benevolent means well-meaning and kindly.
Inhumane means without compassion for misery or suffering; cruel.
Serene means calm, peaceful, and untroubled; tranquil.
Placid means not easily upset or excited.
Intemperate means having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate.
Dignified means having or showing a composed or serious manner that is worthy of respect.

Q9. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Servitude/domination
Predestined/destined
Lacking/Missing
Lightning/Sparkling
Rising/Augmenting
Solution:
Option (b) is the most suitable option to be filled in the blank. Predestined and destined are the same which mean destine (someone) for a particular fate or purpose.
Servitude means the state of being a slave or completely subject to someone more powerful.
Domination means the exercise of power or influence over someone or something, or the state of being so controlled.
Lightning(adj.) means very quick.
Sparkling(adj.) means shining brightly with flashes of light.
Augmenting means making (something) greater by adding to it; increasing.

Q10. The _____ (1) __________ amounts of forgotten and disregarded food that are tossed mindlessly into our landfills are a global _______(2)__________ of massive proportions. And the higher the population _________ (3) _________, the more surplus food is produced. Between 2009 and 2030, the World Bank estimates that the demand for food will increase by 50% as the global population grows, creating a positive feedback loop resulting in further waste. Acidification and salinization resulting from inappropriate use of nitrogen fertilizers and the removal of beneficial vegetation destroy nutrient cycles within the soil and cause once rich landscapes to become dry, _______(4)___________ plains; unfit to house life (“Salinity and acidity”). Produce wasted in _______(5)_________ countries such as Europe and the United States lead to unneeded loss of soil fertility and unnecessary expenditures of fresh water. The developed world in particular speeds the process of global warming by _________ (6)___________ such large amounts of food. Food waste is buried in landfills, where it decomposes “into toxic effluent and methane, a greenhouse gas twenty-one times more ______ (7) __________ than carbon dioxide”. While disposal and waste of food is a problem of global concern, unethical food waste is not only a _________ (8) ________ concern; it is also an economic and environmental problem. The excessive amounts of food wasted could feed millions of hungry people. Further complicating the problem are the unseen inputs that are necessary to create food that is _______ (9)_________ for the trash. Producing food that is squandered also wastes important finite resources such as oil, freshwater, soil fertility, land, various ecosystem services as well as undocumented human labor. Understanding the true price tag that accompanies food waste is the first step toward creating a ________ (10)_______ food system.
Preaching/Sermon
Dirty/Untidy
Sustainable/Endurable
Characteristic/Feature
Scent/Misty
Solution:
Option (c) is the most appropriate choice to be filled in the blank.
Sustainable means able to be maintained at a certain rate or level.
Endurable means able to be endured; bearable. These two words will come in blank because the statement talks about the food system. The food system can be sustainable or endurable that is which can be maintained at some level.
Preaching means giving moral advice to someone in a pompously self-righteous way.
Sermon means a long or tedious piece of admonition or reproof; a lecture.
Scent means a distinctive smell, especially one that is pleasant.
Misty means full of, covered with, or accompanied by mist.

Directions (11-15): In the passage given below there are blanks which are numbered from 11 to 15. They are to be filled with the options given below the passage against each of the respective numbers. Find out the appropriate word in each case which can most suitably complete the sentence without altering its meaning. . If none of the words given in options fits in, mark ‘None of these’ as your answer choice. 

Q11. Farm indebtedness is the outcome of ....(11)..... problems. Marginal farmers comprise more than 80 per cent of the farm population, work on half a hectare for a meagre produce that fetches a .....(12)...... price. This is what drives indebtedness and a one-time waiver will offer nothing by way of a sustainable solution. Prices and costs must be addressed simultaneously as providing better returns without addressing the reasons for indebtedness will be ....(13)..... . The increased returns will be sucked out by debt servicing and ....(14)..... the debt trap. Also, assured better returns through Minimum Support Price is a travesty because India does not have a system in place to procure from most farmers, certainly not in the east and north-east. Assam saw no more than 24,000 MT of rice being procured; the rest of the north-east .....(15)...... worse, while West Bengal’s and Bihar’s shocking procurement infrastructure just cannot deliver MSPs to paddy farmers.

must
multidimension
curtail
myriad
Both (a) and (b)
Solution:
Myriad: countless or extremely great in number.

Q12. Farm indebtedness is the outcome of ....(11)..... problems. Marginal farmers comprise more than 80 per cent of the farm population, work on half a hectare for a meagre produce that fetches a .....(12)...... price. This is what drives indebtedness and a one-time waiver will offer nothing by way of a sustainable solution. Prices and costs must be addressed simultaneously as providing better returns without addressing the reasons for indebtedness will be ....(13)..... . The increased returns will be sucked out by debt servicing and ....(14)..... the debt trap. Also, assured better returns through Minimum Support Price is a travesty because India does not have a system in place to procure from most farmers, certainly not in the east and north-east. Assam saw no more than 24,000 MT of rice being procured; the rest of the north-east .....(15)...... worse, while West Bengal’s and Bihar’s shocking procurement infrastructure just cannot deliver MSPs to paddy farmers.
pathetic
Both (a) and (c)
comical
cheerful
negligent
Solution:
Pathetic: miserably inadequate.

Q13. Farm indebtedness is the outcome of ....(11)..... problems. Marginal farmers comprise more than 80 per cent of the farm population, work on half a hectare for a meagre produce that fetches a .....(12)...... price. This is what drives indebtedness and a one-time waiver will offer nothing by way of a sustainable solution. Prices and costs must be addressed simultaneously as providing better returns without addressing the reasons for indebtedness will be ....(13)..... . The increased returns will be sucked out by debt servicing and ....(14)..... the debt trap. Also, assured better returns through Minimum Support Price is a travesty because India does not have a system in place to procure from most farmers, certainly not in the east and north-east. Assam saw no more than 24,000 MT of rice being procured; the rest of the north-east .....(15)...... worse, while West Bengal’s and Bihar’s shocking procurement infrastructure just cannot deliver MSPs to paddy farmers.
useful
emptied
futile
Both (a) and (c)
fruitful
Solution:
Futile: incapable of producing any useful result; pointless.

Q14. Farm indebtedness is the outcome of ....(11)..... problems. Marginal farmers comprise more than 80 per cent of the farm population, work on half a hectare for a meagre produce that fetches a .....(12)...... price. This is what drives indebtedness and a one-time waiver will offer nothing by way of a sustainable solution. Prices and costs must be addressed simultaneously as providing better returns without addressing the reasons for indebtedness will be ....(13)..... . The increased returns will be sucked out by debt servicing and ....(14)..... the debt trap. Also, assured better returns through Minimum Support Price is a travesty because India does not have a system in place to procure from most farmers, certainly not in the east and north-east. Assam saw no more than 24,000 MT of rice being procured; the rest of the north-east .....(15)...... worse, while West Bengal’s and Bihar’s shocking procurement infrastructure just cannot deliver MSPs to paddy farmers.
break
deepen
highlighting
Both (b) and (c)
excavating
Solution:
Deepen: make or become deep or deeper.

Q15. Farm indebtedness is the outcome of ....(11)..... problems. Marginal farmers comprise more than 80 per cent of the farm population, work on half a hectare for a meagre produce that fetches a .....(12)...... price. This is what drives indebtedness and a one-time waiver will offer nothing by way of a sustainable solution. Prices and costs must be addressed simultaneously as providing better returns without addressing the reasons for indebtedness will be ....(13)..... . The increased returns will be sucked out by debt servicing and ....(14)..... the debt trap. Also, assured better returns through Minimum Support Price is a travesty because India does not have a system in place to procure from most farmers, certainly not in the east and north-east. Assam saw no more than 24,000 MT of rice being procured; the rest of the north-east .....(15)...... worse, while West Bengal’s and Bihar’s shocking procurement infrastructure just cannot deliver MSPs to paddy farmers.
along
fared
managed
survival
Both (a) and (d)
Solution:
Fared: happen; turn out.

               


  
    

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