General Knowledge: Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

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General Knowledge: Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

Uttar Pradesh at a Glance

Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state of India. It is situated in the northern part of India and shares boundary with Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and an international border with Nepal.  Uttar Pradesh was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. Here, we are giving important information on Uttar Pradesh, which is very useful as GK study material for the preparation of competitive examinations like Banking/Insurance, UPSC-Prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, Railways, and Other Exams.



Quick Facts about Uttar Pradesh-  

Capital city Lucknow
Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath
Governor Ram Naik
High Court Allahabad High Court
International Borders  Nepal
Number of Districts 75
Specialty of State  Agricultural Produce
Hon’ble Justice of Allahabad High Court Govind Mathur
Formation 24th January 1950
Total Area 243,290 km2 (93,930 sq mitre)
Area Rank 4th
Population 199,812,341
Population rank  1st
Literacy Rate  67.68%
Sex Ratio 930 (female)/1000 (male)
Legislative Assembly 404 Seats
Lower House (Lok Sabha)  80 Seats
Upper House (Rajya Sabha)  41 Seats
Language Hindi, Urdu, Awadhi, Braj, Bhojpuri, Bundelkhandi
River Betwa River, Chambal River, Dhasan River, Gandak, Ganga, Ghaghara, Gomti, Ken River, Ramganga, Son River, Tons, Yamuna
Dam Rihand Dam or Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar(Rihand River ), Matatila Dam(River Betwa), The Rajghat Dam (Betwa River)
Stadium The K D Singh Babu Stadium (Lucknow), Bharat Ratna Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Ekana Cricket Stadium (Lucknow) Green park Stadium (Kanpur)
Festival  Kumbh Mela, Taj Mahotsav
Folk Dance  Mayur Nritya or Peacock Dance, Rasleela
National Park  Dudhwa National park (Lakhimpur-Kheri district)
State animal- Swamp deer
State bird  Sarus crane
State tree  Ashoka
State flower  Palash
Famous Universities Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
State dance- Kathak
State sport Field hockey
Places of Historical and Tourist Interest Agra, Mathura-Vrindavan, Ayodhya, Varanasi, Allahabad, Buddhist Circuit (Kaushambi, Kapilvastu, Kushinagar, Sankisa, Shravasti, Sarnath), Chitrakoot, Lucknow, Jhansi, etc.
International Airport Lucknow (Chaudhary Charan Singh Airport), Varanasi (Lal Bahadur Shastri Airport)
Tribes Agariya, Aheria, Baiga Tribe, Bind Tribe, Patari
Waterfalls in UP
Mukkha Fall, Rajdari Waterfall, Devdari Waterfall, Lakhaniya Hills & Waterfall

Famous Personalities Born in Uttar Pradesh Amitabh Bachchan, Rajnath Singh, Piyush Chawla, Suresh Raina, Anushka Sharma, Ram Nath Kovind, Disha Patani, Naseeruddin Shah 
Highest Mountain Peaks in UP Amsot Peak 957m (3,140 ft)
UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Uttar Pradesh Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri
Geographical Indication of Uttar Pradesh Varanasi Glass Beads, Lucknow Chikan Craft, Mango Malihabadi Dusseheri, Banaras Brocades, and Saris
institutions of higher education in Uttar Pradesh Indian Institute of Information Technology- Allahabad,
National Institute of Fashion Technology- Raebareli,
Central Drug Research Institute- Lucknow,
SIDBI- Lucknow


Important Temples/Archeological Monuments/Sites:


Sl.No.
Temple/ Archeological Monument/ Site
Located in/near
1.
Taj Mahal
Agra
2.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple
Varanasi
3.
Tulsi Manas Temple
Varanasi
4.
Hanuman Setu Temple
Lucknow
5.
Sri Radha Govinda Temple
Vrindavan
6.
Ram Janmabhoomi
Ayodhya
7.
Triveni Sangam
Allahabad
8.
Sankat Mochan
Varanasi
9.
Sarnath Temple
Varanasi
10.
Manikarnika Ghat
Varanasi
11.
Tomb of Akbar the Great
Agra
12.
Agra Fort
Agra
13.
Banke Bihari Temple
Vrindavan
14.
Bharat Mata Mandir
Varanasi
15.
Bada Imambara
Lucknow
16.
Jhansi Fort
Jhansi
17.
Jama Mosque
Jaunpur
18.
Chunar Fort
Varanasi
19.
Residency
Lucknow
20.
Vicotria Memorial
Lucknow
21.
Dhamek Stupa
Varanasi
22.
Fatehpur Sikri
Agra
23.
Krishna Janmbhoomi
Mathura


Nick Names/Special Titles of Cities:

Sl.No.
City
Nick Name
1.
Agra
City of Taj
2.
Allahabad
Sangam City
Abode of God
3.
Kannauj
Grasse of the East
Perfume Capital of India
Harsh Vardhan City
4.
Kanpur
Leather City of the World
Manchester of the East
5.
Lucknow
City of Nawabs
Shiraz-e-Hind
Constantinople of the East
6.
Varanasi
Spiritual Capital of India
The oldest city in the world

Thermal Power Plant- Singrauli Super Thermal Power Plant, National Capital Power Station (Dadri), Rihand Super Thermal Power Project (Sonbhadra district), Anpara Thermal Power Station (Anpara in Sonbhadra district), Obra Thermal Power Project, Rosa Power Plant (Shahjahanpur), Feroze Gandhi Unchahar Thermal Power Plant, National Capital Thermal Power Plant (Gautam Budh Nagar)

Nuclear Power Plant- Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS)

Wildlife Sanctuary- The Bakhira Bird Sanctuary, The Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary, The Chandra Prabha Wildlife Sanctuary, Kaimoor Wildlife Sanctuary, TheKishanpur Wildlife Sanctuary, Lakh Bahosi Sanctuary, Mahavir Swami Sanctuary, The Okhla Bird Sanctuary, The ParvatiAranga Bird Sanctuary , Patna Vihar Bird Sanctuary, Ranipur Wildlife Sanctuary, Saman Bird Sanctuary, Samaspur Sanctuary, Sandi Bird Sanctuary, Sohagi Barwa Wildlife Sanctuary, Suhelwa Wildlife Sanctuary, Soor Sarovar Bird Sanctuary, Jai Prakash Narain Bird Sanctuary, Kachhua Sanctuary, Vijai Sagar Sanctuary , Pilibhit Tiger Reserve.

Lakes in Uttar Pradesh- 
  • Ramgarhtaal and Chiluataal- Gorakhpur
  • Bakhira Jheel- Sant Kabir Nagar
  • Karela and Etauja Jheel- Lucknow
  • Nawabgunj Jheel, Kundra Samundra- Unnao
  • Badataal (Gokhur)- Shahjahanpur
  • Payag Jheel- Bahraich
  • Aranga Parvati Jheel Bird Sanctuary- Gonda
  • Jirgo and Tirsi Lake, Tanda darti Taal (Drargart)- Mirzapur
  • Bhugetaal and Visaithataal- Raibareli
  • Liloor Jheel- Bareli
  • Thithoora Jheel, Morai Taal- Fatehpur
  • Beti, Ajgara and Nuiya Jheel- Pratapgarh
  • Surha Taal- Balia
  • Moti and Gaur Jheel- Rampur
  • Shukrataal- Muzzafanagar
  • Raamtaal- Meerut
  • Kimath Taal- Agra
  • Sheikh Jheel (In the process to develop in the form of National Bird Sanctuary)- Aligarh
  • Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar (Artificial lake)- Sonbhadra
  • Alwara Jheel (The arrival site of foreign birds)- Koshambi
  • Aundhi Taal- Varanasi
  • Raja ka Bandh, laundhi and Bhojpur Taal- Sultanpur
  • Darwan Jheel- Faizabad
  • Bal Hapara- Kanpur
  • Lakshmi Taal, Baruasagar and Bhasneh- Jhansi
  • Sagar Taal- Badaun
  • Madan Sagar- Mahoba
  • Pangaili Fulhar or Gomti Taal- Pilibhit
  • Dahar Jheel, Bhijwaan Jheel- Hardoi
  • Devaria Taal- Kannauj
  • Bhakha Jheel- Etawah
  • Sita Kund (Misrikh), Chakra Kund (Naumish)- Sitapur
  • Bharatkund- Ayodhya
  • Radhakund, Shyamkund, Govindkund and Mansi Ganga Kund- Govardhan, Mathura
  • Nauh Jheel- Mathura

Union Ministers from Uttar Pradesh- 

  • Narendra Modi- Varanasi (Prime Minister)
  • Raj Nath Singh- Lucknow (Minister of Home Affairs)
  • Uma Bharti- Jhansi (Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation)
  • Maneka Sanjay Gandhi- Pilibhit (Minister of Women and Child Development)
  • Mahesh Sharma- Gautam Buddha Nagar (Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Culture; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change)
  • Santosh Kumar Gangwar- Bareilly (Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Labour and Employment)
  • Manoj Sinha- Ghazipur (Minister of State (Independent Charge) of the Ministry of Communications; and Minister of State in the Ministry of Railways)
  • Shiv Pratap Shukla- Rajya Sabha (Minister of State in the Ministry of Finance)




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