IBPS Reasoning Quiz (Machine Input-Output) for 2019 Exams: 18th February 2019

Dear Aspirants,



Reasoning Questions for IBPS Exam 2019:

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Watch Video Solution Here






Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions: 
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: 97 never 21 shout cry 32 arise 46 65 vital 83 hear 
Step I: 21 97 never shout cry arise 46 65 vital 83 hear 32
Step II: arise 21 97 never shout 46 65 vital 83 hear 32 cry
Step III: 46 arise 21 97 never shout vital 83 hear 32 cry 65
Step IV: hear 46 arise 21 97 shout vital 83 32 cry 65 never
Step V: 83 hear 46 arise 21 shout vital 32 cry 65 never 97
Step VI: shout 83 hear 46 arise 21 32 cry 65 never 97 vital
Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input. Input for the questions.
Input: pound 18 under 76 eat 27 brown 37 51 victory 86 knight 

Q1. How many steps would be needed to complete the arrangement?

X
VIII
IX
VI
None of these
Solution:
In this question two words and two numbers are arranged in each step alternatively. In the first step, the smallest number is arranged at the left most end and the second smallest number is placed at the rightmost end. In the second step, the words are arranged in alphabetically starting with the word which comes first in the dictionary at the left most end and the word which comes next is placed at the rightmost end. And this process is followed till no word or number is left unarranged.
Input: pound 18 under 76 eat 27 brown 37 51 victory 86 knight
Step I: 18 pound under 76 eat brown 37 51 victory 86 knight 27
Step II: brown 18 pound under 76 37 51 victory 86 knight 27 eat
Step III: 37 brown 18 pound under 76 victory 86 knight 27 eat 51
Step IV: knight 37 brown18 under 76 victory 86 27 eat 51 pound
Step V: 76 knight 37 brown18 under victory 27 eat 51 pound 86
Step VI: under 76 knight 37 brown18 27 eat 51 pound 86 victory

Q2. What will the addition of the numbers which is third from the left end in step III and 5th from the right end in step IV?
92
110
104
88
None of these
Solution:
In this question two words and two numbers are arranged in each step alternatively. In the first step, the smallest number is arranged at the left most end and the second smallest number is placed at the rightmost end. In the second step, the words are arranged in alphabetically starting with the word which comes first in the dictionary at the left most end and the word which comes next is placed at the rightmost end. And this process is followed till no word or number is left unarranged.
Input: pound 18 under 76 eat 27 brown 37 51 victory 86 knight
Step I: 18 pound under 76 eat brown 37 51 victory 86 knight 27
Step II: brown 18 pound under 76 37 51 victory 86 knight 27 eat
Step III: 37 brown 18 pound under 76 victory 86 knight 27 eat 51
Step IV: knight 37 brown18 under 76 victory 86 27 eat 51 pound
Step V: 76 knight 37 brown18 under victory 27 eat 51 pound 86
Step VI: under 76 knight 37 brown18 27 eat 51 pound 86 victory

Q3. Which of the following would be the difference of the numbers which is 2nd from left end in step IV and 2nd from right end in Step II?
29
83
19
10
None of these
Solution:
In this question two words and two numbers are arranged in each step alternatively. In the first step, the smallest number is arranged at the left most end and the second smallest number is placed at the rightmost end. In the second step, the words are arranged in alphabetically starting with the word which comes first in the dictionary at the left most end and the word which comes next is placed at the rightmost end. And this process is followed till no word or number is left unarranged.
Input: pound 18 under 76 eat 27 brown 37 51 victory 86 knight
Step I: 18 pound under 76 eat brown 37 51 victory 86 knight 27
Step II: brown 18 pound under 76 37 51 victory 86 knight 27 eat
Step III: 37 brown 18 pound under 76 victory 86 knight 27 eat 51
Step IV: knight 37 brown18 under 76 victory 86 27 eat 51 pound
Step V: 76 knight 37 brown18 under victory 27 eat 51 pound 86
Step VI: under 76 knight 37 brown18 27 eat 51 pound 86 victory

Q4. Which of the following element will be fourth from the left end in step V?
18
brown
37
knight
None of these
Solution:
In this question two words and two numbers are arranged in each step alternatively. In the first step, the smallest number is arranged at the left most end and the second smallest number is placed at the rightmost end. In the second step, the words are arranged in alphabetically starting with the word which comes first in the dictionary at the left most end and the word which comes next is placed at the rightmost end. And this process is followed till no word or number is left unarranged.
Input: pound 18 under 76 eat 27 brown 37 51 victory 86 knight
Step I: 18 pound under 76 eat brown 37 51 victory 86 knight 27
Step II: brown 18 pound under 76 37 51 victory 86 knight 27 eat
Step III: 37 brown 18 pound under 76 victory 86 knight 27 eat 51
Step IV: knight 37 brown18 under 76 victory 86 27 eat 51 pound
Step V: 76 knight 37 brown18 under victory 27 eat 51 pound 86
Step VI: under 76 knight 37 brown18 27 eat 51 pound 86 victory

Q5. In Step IV, which of the following word/number would be on 4th position (from the left)?
victory
18
76
under
None of these
Solution:
In this question two words and two numbers are arranged in each step alternatively. In the first step, the smallest number is arranged at the left most end and the second smallest number is placed at the rightmost end. In the second step, the words are arranged in alphabetically starting with the word which comes first in the dictionary at the left most end and the word which comes next is placed at the rightmost end. And this process is followed till no word or number is left unarranged.
Input: pound 18 under 76 eat 27 brown 37 51 victory 86 knight
Step I: 18 pound under 76 eat brown 37 51 victory 86 knight 27
Step II: brown 18 pound under 76 37 51 victory 86 knight 27 eat
Step III: 37 brown 18 pound under 76 victory 86 knight 27 eat 51
Step IV: knight 37 brown18 under 76 victory 86 27 eat 51 pound
Step V: 76 knight 37 brown18 under victory 27 eat 51 pound 86
Step VI: under 76 knight 37 brown18 27 eat 51 pound 86 victory

Directions (6-10): Study the following information to answer the given questions: 

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. (All the numbers are two-digit numbers and all are arranged as per some logic based on the value of the number.)

Input: tend 54 court 61 to 71 late 41 grip 24 
Step I: 41 54 court 61 to 71 late grip 24 tend
Step II: 24 41 54 court 61 to 71 grip tend late
Step III: 61 24 41 54 court 71 grip tend late to
Step IV: 71 61 24 41 54 court tend late to grip
Step V: 54 71 61 24 41 tend late to grip court
Step V is the last step of the arrangement the above input.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input. 
Input: our 18 has 71 been 51 no 41 interest 25 

Q6. In which step the elements ’71 interest been’ found in the same order?

Step III
Step V
Step I
Step II
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it.
For words → Word are arranged according to last letter of each word. So, we have to see the last letter of each word. In the given input series last letter of given words are- R, S, N, O and T. And then each last letter is arranged in alphabetical order(according to English dictionary) from right to left. In given input series N is least among all last letters so word “been” is arranged first.
For numbers→ for the number arrangement we have to add the digits of given number. And then each sum is arranged in ascending order from left to right.
Input: our 18 has 71 been 51 no 41 interest 25
Step I: 41 our 18 has 71 51 no interest 25 been
Step II: 51 41 our 18 has 71 interest 25 been no
Step III: 25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
Step IV: 71 25 51 41 18 interest been no our has
Step V: 18 71 25 51 41 been no our has interest

Q7. Which element is exactly between “41” and “interest” in Step IV?
18
our
51
has
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it.
For words → Word are arranged according to last letter of each word. So, we have to see the last letter of each word. In the given input series last letter of given words are- R, S, N, O and T. And then each last letter is arranged in alphabetical order(according to English dictionary) from right to left. In given input series N is least among all last letters so word “been” is arranged first.
For numbers→ for the number arrangement we have to add the digits of given number. And then each sum is arranged in ascending order from left to right.
Input: our 18 has 71 been 51 no 41 interest 25
Step I: 41 our 18 has 71 51 no interest 25 been
Step II: 51 41 our 18 has 71 interest 25 been no
Step III: 25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
Step IV: 71 25 51 41 18 interest been no our has
Step V: 18 71 25 51 41 been no our has interest

Q8. In step II, which of the following element would be at 2nd to right of 4th from left position?
has
71
interest
25
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it.
For words → Word are arranged according to last letter of each word. So, we have to see the last letter of each word. In the given input series last letter of given words are- R, S, N, O and T. And then each last letter is arranged in alphabetical order(according to English dictionary) from right to left. In given input series N is least among all last letters so word “been” is arranged first.
For numbers→ for the number arrangement we have to add the digits of given number. And then each sum is arranged in ascending order from left to right.
Input: our 18 has 71 been 51 no 41 interest 25
Step I: 41 our 18 has 71 51 no interest 25 been
Step II: 51 41 our 18 has 71 interest 25 been no
Step III: 25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
Step IV: 71 25 51 41 18 interest been no our has
Step V: 18 71 25 51 41 been no our has interest

Q9. How many steps are required to complete the above arrangements?
four
five
six
seven
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it.
For words → Word are arranged according to last letter of each word. So, we have to see the last letter of each word. In the given input series last letter of given words are- R, S, N, O and T. And then each last letter is arranged in alphabetical order(according to English dictionary) from right to left. In given input series N is least among all last letters so word “been” is arranged first.
For numbers→ for the number arrangement we have to add the digits of given number. And then each sum is arranged in ascending order from left to right.
Input: our 18 has 71 been 51 no 41 interest 25
Step I: 41 our 18 has 71 51 no interest 25 been
Step II: 51 41 our 18 has 71 interest 25 been no
Step III: 25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
Step IV: 71 25 51 41 18 interest been no our has
Step V: 18 71 25 51 41 been no our has interest

Q10. Which of the following is Step III after arrangement?
25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been our no
51 25 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
25 41 51 18 has 71 interest been no our
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it.
For words → Word are arranged according to last letter of each word. So, we have to see the last letter of each word. In the given input series last letter of given words are- R, S, N, O and T. And then each last letter is arranged in alphabetical order(according to English dictionary) from right to left. In given input series N is least among all last letters so word “been” is arranged first.
For numbers→ for the number arrangement we have to add the digits of given number. And then each sum is arranged in ascending order from left to right.
Input: our 18 has 71 been 51 no 41 interest 25
Step I: 41 our 18 has 71 51 no interest 25 been
Step II: 51 41 our 18 has 71 interest 25 been no
Step III: 25 51 41 18 has 71 interest been no our
Step IV: 71 25 51 41 18 interest been no our has
Step V: 18 71 25 51 41 been no our has interest

Directions (11-15): A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement. 

Input: Problem 58 solve 48 78 49 man time fly 26 87 what
Step I: 26 problem 58 solve 48 78 49 man time 87 what fly
Step II:26 87 problem 58 solve 48 78 49 time what man fly
Step III:26 87 48 58 solve 78 49 time what problem man fly
Step IV:26 87 48 78 58 49 time what solve problem man fly
Step V:26 87 48 78 49 58 what time solve problem man fly

and Step V is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.
Input for the questions
Input: why 16 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 boy you

Q11. Which of the following would be the final arrangement?

16 91 29 67 32 why 47 58 violet 51 you tall small orange not boy
16 91 29 67 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 51 you small orange not boy
16 91 29 67 32 58 why 47 51 you violet tall small orange not boy
16 91 29 67 32 58 47 51you why violet tall small orange not boy
None of these
Solution:
From the given input and final step it is understood that words are arranged in the alphabetical order. Numbers are arranged alternately in the increasing order and alternatively in decreasing order i.e. least number followed by highest number, second least number followed by second highest number and so on….
Input: why 16 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step I: 16 why 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step II:16 91 why 29 47 tall 58 violet orange 32 small 67 51 you not boy
Step III:16 91 29 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 small 67 51 you orange not boy
Step IV:16 91 29 67 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 51 you small orange not boy
Step V: 16 91 29 67 32 why 47 58 violet 51 you tall small orange not boy
Step VI: 16 91 29 67 32 58 why 47 51 you violet tall small orange not boy
Step VII: 16 91 29 67 32 58 47 51you why violet tall small orange not boy

Q12. In step III, which of the following element would be at 6th position from the left?
91
58
small
tall
None of these
Solution:
From the given input and final step it is understood that words are arranged in the alphabetical order. Numbers are arranged alternately in the increasing order and alternatively in decreasing order i.e. least number followed by highest number, second least number followed by second highest number and so on….
Input: why 16 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step I: 16 why 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step II:16 91 why 29 47 tall 58 violet orange 32 small 67 51 you not boy
Step III:16 91 29 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 small 67 51 you orange not boy
Step IV:16 91 29 67 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 51 you small orange not boy
Step V: 16 91 29 67 32 why 47 58 violet 51 you tall small orange not boy
Step VI: 16 91 29 67 32 58 why 47 51 you violet tall small orange not boy
Step VII: 16 91 29 67 32 58 47 51you why violet tall small orange not boy

Q13. In step V, which of the following words would be at 6th position to the right of 8th from the left element?
small
orange
not
boy
you
Solution:
From the given input and final step it is understood that words are arranged in the alphabetical order. Numbers are arranged alternately in the increasing order and alternatively in decreasing order i.e. least number followed by highest number, second least number followed by second highest number and so on….
Input: why 16 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step I: 16 why 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step II:16 91 why 29 47 tall 58 violet orange 32 small 67 51 you not boy
Step III:16 91 29 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 small 67 51 you orange not boy
Step IV:16 91 29 67 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 51 you small orange not boy
Step V: 16 91 29 67 32 why 47 58 violet 51 you tall small orange not boy
Step VI: 16 91 29 67 32 58 why 47 51 you violet tall small orange not boy
Step VII: 16 91 29 67 32 58 47 51you why violet tall small orange not boy

Q14. In step IV of the rearrangement, if 16 is related to 29 and 67 is related to 47 in a certain way, which of the following would 58 be related to, following the same pattern?
32
51
91
29
None of these
Solution:
From the given input and final step it is understood that words are arranged in the alphabetical order. Numbers are arranged alternately in the increasing order and alternatively in decreasing order i.e. least number followed by highest number, second least number followed by second highest number and so on….
Input: why 16 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step I: 16 why 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step II:16 91 why 29 47 tall 58 violet orange 32 small 67 51 you not boy
Step III:16 91 29 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 small 67 51 you orange not boy
Step IV:16 91 29 67 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 51 you small orange not boy
Step V: 16 91 29 67 32 why 47 58 violet 51 you tall small orange not boy
Step VI: 16 91 29 67 32 58 why 47 51 you violet tall small orange not boy
Step VII: 16 91 29 67 32 58 47 51you why violet tall small orange not boy

Q15. Which of the following is last but one step?
V
VII
VIII
VI
None of these
Solution:
From the given input and final step it is understood that words are arranged in the alphabetical order. Numbers are arranged alternately in the increasing order and alternatively in decreasing order i.e. least number followed by highest number, second least number followed by second highest number and so on….
Input: why 16 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step I: 16 why 29 not 47 tall 58 violet orange 91 32 small 67 51 you boy
Step II:16 91 why 29 47 tall 58 violet orange 32 small 67 51 you not boy
Step III:16 91 29 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 small 67 51 you orange not boy
Step IV:16 91 29 67 why 47 tall 58 violet 32 51 you small orange not boy
Step V: 16 91 29 67 32 why 47 58 violet 51 you tall small orange not boy
Step VI: 16 91 29 67 32 58 why 47 51 you violet tall small orange not boy
Step VII: 16 91 29 67 32 58 47 51you why violet tall small orange not boy

               







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