Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Questions for IBPS Exam 2019:

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.
Watch Video Solution Here

Directions (1-5): Study the following information to answer the given questions:

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 52 pillow 80 socks food 46 cream 12 hot 25 73 toast
Step I: 12 52 pillow socks food 46 cream hot 25 73 toast 80
Step II: 12 25 52 pillow socks food 46 cream hot toast 73 80
Step III: 12 25 46 pillow socks food cream hot toast 52 73 80
Step IV: 12 25 46 cream pillow socks food hot toast 52 73 80
Step V: 12 25 46 cream food pillow socks hot toast 52 73 80
Step VI: 12 25 46 cream food hot pillow socks toast 52 73 80
Step VI is the last step of the rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input. Input for the questions.

Input: 66 health soft 11 beer 83 ice 49 african 77 cute 33

Q1. How many steps would be needed to complete the arrangement?
X
VIII
IX
VII
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) There are six numbers and six words in the input. The three numbers are arranged in the beginning and the remaining three numbers are arranged in the last.
(ii) The First three numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right with last three numbers are arranged in descending order from right to left.
(iii) After that the six words are arranged in alphabetical order in the middle. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question
Input: 66 health soft 11 beer 83 ice 49 African 77 cute 33
Step I: 11 66 health soft beer ice 49 African 77 cute 33 83
Step II: 11 33 66 health soft beer ice 49 African cute 77 83
Step III: 11 33 49 health soft beer ice African cute 66 77 83
Step IV: 11 33 49 African health soft beer ice cute 66 77 83
Step V: 11 33 49 African beer health soft ice cute 66 77 83
Step VI: 11 33 49 African beer cute health soft ice 66 77 83
Step VII: 11 33 49 African beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83
‘Step VII’ is the final step of this input.

Seven steps are needed to complete the arrangement.

Q2. Which Step number would be the following output? 11 33 49 african beer health soft ice cute 66 77 83
II
VI
V
IV
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) There are six numbers and six words in the input. The three numbers are arranged in the beginning and the remaining three numbers are arranged in the last.
(ii) The First three numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right with last three numbers are arranged in descending order from right to left.
(iii) After that the six words are arranged in alphabetical order in the middle. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question
Input: 66 health soft 11 beer 83 ice 49 African 77 cute 33
Step I: 11 66 health soft beer ice 49 African 77 cute 33 83
Step II: 11 33 66 health soft beer ice 49 African cute 77 83
Step III: 11 33 49 health soft beer ice African cute 66 77 83
Step IV: 11 33 49 African health soft beer ice cute 66 77 83
Step V: 11 33 49 African beer health soft ice cute 66 77 83
Step VI: 11 33 49 African beer cute health soft ice 66 77 83
Step VII: 11 33 49 African beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83
‘Step VII’ is the final step of this input.

It is ‘step V’.

Q3. Which of the following would be the Step I?
29 33 49 health soft beer ice african cute 66 77 83
83 66 health soft beer ice 49 african 77 cute 33 11
11 66 african beer health soft ice 49 77 cute 33 83
11 66 health soft beer ice 49 african 77 cute 33 83
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) There are six numbers and six words in the input. The three numbers are arranged in the beginning and the remaining three numbers are arranged in the last.
(ii) The First three numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right with last three numbers are arranged in descending order from right to left.
(iii) After that the six words are arranged in alphabetical order in the middle. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question
Input: 66 health soft 11 beer 83 ice 49 African 77 cute 33
Step I: 11 66 health soft beer ice 49 African 77 cute 33 83
Step II: 11 33 66 health soft beer ice 49 African cute 77 83
Step III: 11 33 49 health soft beer ice African cute 66 77 83
Step IV: 11 33 49 African health soft beer ice cute 66 77 83
Step V: 11 33 49 African beer health soft ice cute 66 77 83
Step VI: 11 33 49 African beer cute health soft ice 66 77 83
Step VII: 11 33 49 African beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83
‘Step VII’ is the final step of this input.

‘Step I’ is the ‘11 66 health soft beer ice 49 African 77 cute 33 83’

Q4. Which of the following would be the final arrangement?
66 77 83 african beer cute health ice soft 11 33 49
11 33 49 african beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83
11 33 49 african ice beer cute health soft 66 77 83
11 33 49 african beer cute health soft 66 77 ice 83
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) There are six numbers and six words in the input. The three numbers are arranged in the beginning and the remaining three numbers are arranged in the last.
(ii) The First three numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right with last three numbers are arranged in descending order from right to left.
(iii) After that the six words are arranged in alphabetical order in the middle. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question
Input: 66 health soft 11 beer 83 ice 49 African 77 cute 33
Step I: 11 66 health soft beer ice 49 African 77 cute 33 83
Step II: 11 33 66 health soft beer ice 49 African cute 77 83
Step III: 11 33 49 health soft beer ice African cute 66 77 83
Step IV: 11 33 49 African health soft beer ice cute 66 77 83
Step V: 11 33 49 African beer health soft ice cute 66 77 83
Step VI: 11 33 49 African beer cute health soft ice 66 77 83
Step VII: 11 33 49 African beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83
‘Step VII’ is the final step of this input.

‘11 33 49 African beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83’ is the final arrangement.

Q5. In Step IV, which of the following word/number would be on 7th position (from the right)?
soft
beer
66
cute
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and lets understand how to solve it. As a first step lets first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output you will observe the following:
(i) There are six numbers and six words in the input. The three numbers are arranged in the beginning and the remaining three numbers are arranged in the last.
(ii) The First three numbers are arranged in ascending order from left to right with last three numbers are arranged in descending order from right to left.
(iii) After that the six words are arranged in alphabetical order in the middle. Now lets take the arrangement given in the Question
Input: 66 health soft 11 beer 83 ice 49 African 77 cute 33
Step I: 11 66 health soft beer ice 49 African 77 cute 33 83
Step II: 11 33 66 health soft beer ice 49 African cute 77 83
Step III: 11 33 49 health soft beer ice African cute 66 77 83
Step IV: 11 33 49 African health soft beer ice cute 66 77 83
Step V: 11 33 49 African beer health soft ice cute 66 77 83
Step VI: 11 33 49 African beer cute health soft ice 66 77 83
Step VII: 11 33 49 African beer cute health ice soft 66 77 83
‘Step VII’ is the final step of this input.

In step IV ‘11 33 49 African health soft beer ice cute 66 77 83’ 7th position from the right is the ‘soft’

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 30 owl 56 raise 27 egg 23 still 20 holy 15 apple.
Step I: 20 30 owl 56 raise egg 23 still holy 15 apple 27.
Step II: holy 20 30 56 raise egg 23 still 15 apple 27 owl.
Step III: 30 holy 20 56 raise egg still 15 apple 27 owl 23.
Step IV: raise 30 holy 20 56 still 15 apple 27 owl 23 egg.
Step V: 56 raise 30 holy 20 still apple 27 owl 23 egg 15.
Step VI: still 56 raise 30 holy 20 27 owl 23 egg 15 apple.
Step VI is the last step of the above arrangement. As per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: call 40 37 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 18 38 mango 21 open.

Q6. How many steps will be required to complete the above input?
Eight
Six
Five
Seven
None of these
Solution:
The machine rearranges two numbers and two words in each step. The words and numbers are arranged alternatively in each step from both right end and left end. The numbers are arranged as smallest even number from left to right and greatest odd number from right to left after that consonants are arranged in increasing alphabetical order from left to right and vowels are arranged decreasing alphabetical order from right to left.

Input: call 40 37 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 18 38 mango 21 open.
Step I: 18 call 40 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37.
Step II: call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37 under.
Step III: 38 call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same mango 21 open 37 under 33.
Step IV: land 38 call 18 40 ice50 25 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open.
Step V: 40 land 38 call 18 ice 50 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open 25.
Step VI: mango 40 land 38 call 18 50 ape same 21 37 under 33 open 25 ice.
Step VII: 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 ape same 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21.
Step VIII: same 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21 ape.

Q7. In the seventh step of the rearrangement, ‘call’ is related to ‘38’and ‘open’ is related to ‘33’ in a certain way. Which of the following would ‘land’ be related to, following the same pattern?
mango
ice
same
40
37
Solution:
The machine rearranges two numbers and two words in each step. The words and numbers are arranged alternatively in each step from both right end and left end. The numbers are arranged as smallest even number from left to right and greatest odd number from right to left after that consonants are arranged in increasing alphabetical order from left to right and vowels are arranged decreasing alphabetical order from right to left.

Input: call 40 37 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 18 38 mango 21 open.
Step I: 18 call 40 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37.
Step II: call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37 under.
Step III: 38 call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same mango 21 open 37 under 33.
Step IV: land 38 call 18 40 ice50 25 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open.
Step V: 40 land 38 call 18 ice 50 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open 25.
Step VI: mango 40 land 38 call 18 50 ape same 21 37 under 33 open 25 ice.
Step VII: 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 ape same 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21.
Step VIII: same 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21 ape.

Q8. How many words and numbers are there between ‘under’ and ‘38’ in the sixth step of the output?
Six
Three
Four
Five
Seven
Solution:
The machine rearranges two numbers and two words in each step. The words and numbers are arranged alternatively in each step from both right end and left end. The numbers are arranged as smallest even number from left to right and greatest odd number from right to left after that consonants are arranged in increasing alphabetical order from left to right and vowels are arranged decreasing alphabetical order from right to left.

Input: call 40 37 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 18 38 mango 21 open.
Step I: 18 call 40 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37.
Step II: call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37 under.
Step III: 38 call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same mango 21 open 37 under 33.
Step IV: land 38 call 18 40 ice50 25 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open.
Step V: 40 land 38 call 18 ice 50 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open 25.
Step VI: mango 40 land 38 call 18 50 ape same 21 37 under 33 open 25 ice.
Step VII: 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 ape same 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21.
Step VIII: same 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21 ape.

Q9. In which step are the elements ‘call 18 50 ape same 21’ found in the same order?
Fifth
Seventh
Fourth
Sixth
There is no such step
Solution:
The machine rearranges two numbers and two words in each step. The words and numbers are arranged alternatively in each step from both right end and left end. The numbers are arranged as smallest even number from left to right and greatest odd number from right to left after that consonants are arranged in increasing alphabetical order from left to right and vowels are arranged decreasing alphabetical order from right to left.

Input: call 40 37 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 18 38 mango 21 open.
Step I: 18 call 40 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37.
Step II: call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37 under.
Step III: 38 call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same mango 21 open 37 under 33.
Step IV: land 38 call 18 40 ice50 25 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open.
Step V: 40 land 38 call 18 ice 50 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open 25.
Step VI: mango 40 land 38 call 18 50 ape same 21 37 under 33 open 25 ice.
Step VII: 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 ape same 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21.
Step VIII: same 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21 ape.

Q10. Which of the following represents the position of ‘37’ in the last but one step?
Ninth from the left end
Tenth from the left end
Seventh from the right end
Sixth from the right end
Both (b) and (c)
Solution:
The machine rearranges two numbers and two words in each step. The words and numbers are arranged alternatively in each step from both right end and left end. The numbers are arranged as smallest even number from left to right and greatest odd number from right to left after that consonants are arranged in increasing alphabetical order from left to right and vowels are arranged decreasing alphabetical order from right to left.

Input: call 40 37 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 18 38 mango 21 open.
Step I: 18 call 40 ice land 50 25 under ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37.
Step II: call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same 33 38 mango 21 open 37 under.
Step III: 38 call 18 40 ice land 50 25 ape same mango 21 open 37 under 33.
Step IV: land 38 call 18 40 ice50 25 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open.
Step V: 40 land 38 call 18 ice 50 ape same mango 21 37 under 33 open 25.
Step VI: mango 40 land 38 call 18 50 ape same 21 37 under 33 open 25 ice.
Step VII: 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 ape same 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21.
Step VIII: same 50 mango 40 land 38 call 18 37 under 33 open 25 ice 21 ape.

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: say to 12 by 29 all 71 same 53 81 above 61
Step I: above say to by 29 all 71 same 53 81 61 12
Step II: above same say to by all 71 53 81 61 12 29
Step III: above same say all to by 71 81 61 12 29 53
Step IV: above same say all to by 71 81 12 29 53 61
Step V: above same say all to by 81 12 29 53 61 71
Step VI: above same say all to by 12 29 53 61 71 81
Step VI is the last step of the above input. Now, the following questions are based on the given input.

Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73

Q11. Which of the following will be the penultimate step?
Step VI
Step V
Step IV
Step III
None of these
Solution:
The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left and words of the same length are arranged in reverse English alphabetical order, while numbers are arranged in ascending order on the right end in each step.

Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
Step I: never toy till 24 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18
Step II: never till toy 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18 24
Step III: never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36
Step IV: never till toy cut of is 87 99 18 24 36 73
Step V: never till toy cut of is 99 18 24 36 73 87
Step VI: never till toy cut of is 18 24 36 73 87 99

Q12. What will be the position of ‘is’ in the last but one step?
Seventh from the left
Sixth from the right
Sixth from the left
Fifth from the left
None of these
Solution:
The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left and words of the same length are arranged in reverse English alphabetical order, while numbers are arranged in ascending order on the right end in each step.

Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
Step I: never toy till 24 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18
Step II: never till toy 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18 24
Step III: never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36
Step IV: never till toy cut of is 87 99 18 24 36 73
Step V: never till toy cut of is 99 18 24 36 73 87
Step VI: never till toy cut of is 18 24 36 73 87 99

Q13. Which word/number would be the fourth from the right end in Step IV?
cut
18
24
99
73
Solution:
The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left and words of the same length are arranged in reverse English alphabetical order, while numbers are arranged in ascending order on the right end in each step.

Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
Step I: never toy till 24 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18
Step II: never till toy 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18 24
Step III: never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36
Step IV: never till toy cut of is 87 99 18 24 36 73
Step V: never till toy cut of is 99 18 24 36 73 87
Step VI: never till toy cut of is 18 24 36 73 87 99

Q14. How many steps will be required to give the final output?
Five
Four
Six
Seven
Eight
Solution:
The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left and words of the same length are arranged in reverse English alphabetical order, while numbers are arranged in ascending order on the right end in each step.

Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
Step I: never toy till 24 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18
Step II: never till toy 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18 24
Step III: never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36
Step IV: never till toy cut of is 87 99 18 24 36 73
Step V: never till toy cut of is 99 18 24 36 73 87
Step VI: never till toy cut of is 18 24 36 73 87 99

Q15. Which step would give the following output: ‘never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36’?
Step IV
Step III
Step II
Step V
There will be no such step
Solution:
The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left and words of the same length are arranged in reverse English alphabetical order, while numbers are arranged in ascending order on the right end in each step.

Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
Step I: never toy till 24 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18
Step II: never till toy 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18 24
Step III: never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36
Step IV: never till toy cut of is 87 99 18 24 36 73
Step V: never till toy cut of is 99 18 24 36 73 87
Step VI: never till toy cut of is 18 24 36 73 87 99