Dear Aspirants,

### Reasoning Questions for SBI PO prelims 2019:

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: army 31 choose another 22 47 world 11 62 epic 35
Step I: 11 army 31 choose another 22 47 world 62 35 epic
Step II: 11 31 army choose another 22 47 62 35 world epic
Step III: 11 31 47 army another 22 62 35 choose world epic
Step IV: 11 31 47 22 army 62 35 another choose world epic
Step V: 11 31 47 22 35 62 army another choose world epic
And step V is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.
Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16

Q1. Which element is exactly between the third element from left end and fifth element from right end in step IV?
48
black
visit
grand
16
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
(i) For Words: Words are arranged according to the place value of the last letter in the alphabetical series from right to left in the right end. The word which has the last letter, which comes 1st in alphabetical series, is arranged first and so on. For example, “epic and choose” in which we can see that “c” and “e” are last letters of both words, but c comes 1st, so “epic” will be arranged 1st.
(ii) For Numbers: They are arranged in increasing order. The prime numbers are arranged first followed by composite numbers from left to right in left end.
Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16
Step I: 17 visit 48 black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16 grand
Step II: 17 23 visit 48 black opinion 61 25 16 science grand
Step III: 17 23 61 visit 48 opinion 25 16 black science grand
Step IV: 17 23 61 16 visit 48 25 opinion black science grand
Step V: 17 23 61 16 25 48 visit opinion black science grand

Q2. In step II, ‘17’ is related to ‘black’ and ‘visit’ is related to ‘61’. In the same way ‘opinion’ is related to?
25
grand
23
science
48
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
(i) For Words: Words are arranged according to the place value of the last letter in the alphabetical series from right to left in the right end. The word which has the last letter, which comes 1st in alphabetical series, is arranged first and so on. For example, “epic and choose” in which we can see that “c” and “e” are last letters of both words, but c comes 1st, so “epic” will be arranged 1st.
(ii) For Numbers: They are arranged in increasing order. The prime numbers are arranged first followed by composite numbers from left to right in left end.
Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16
Step I: 17 visit 48 black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16 grand
Step II: 17 23 visit 48 black opinion 61 25 16 science grand
Step III: 17 23 61 visit 48 opinion 25 16 black science grand
Step IV: 17 23 61 16 visit 48 25 opinion black science grand
Step V: 17 23 61 16 25 48 visit opinion black science grand

Q3. In which of the following step the elements “48 25 opinion” found in the same order?
Step I
Step IV
Step III
Step II
no such step
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
(i) For Words: Words are arranged according to the place value of the last letter in the alphabetical series from right to left in the right end. The word which has the last letter, which comes 1st in alphabetical series, is arranged first and so on. For example, “epic and choose” in which we can see that “c” and “e” are last letters of both words, but c comes 1st, so “epic” will be arranged 1st.
(ii) For Numbers: They are arranged in increasing order. The prime numbers are arranged first followed by composite numbers from left to right in left end.
Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16
Step I: 17 visit 48 black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16 grand
Step II: 17 23 visit 48 black opinion 61 25 16 science grand
Step III: 17 23 61 visit 48 opinion 25 16 black science grand
Step IV: 17 23 61 16 visit 48 25 opinion black science grand
Step V: 17 23 61 16 25 48 visit opinion black science grand

Q4. In step II, what is the sum of fourth element from left end and third element from right end?
79
88
37
80
64
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
(i) For Words: Words are arranged according to the place value of the last letter in the alphabetical series from right to left in the right end. The word which has the last letter, which comes 1st in alphabetical series, is arranged first and so on. For example, “epic and choose” in which we can see that “c” and “e” are last letters of both words, but c comes 1st, so “epic” will be arranged 1st.
(ii) For Numbers: They are arranged in increasing order. The prime numbers are arranged first followed by composite numbers from left to right in left end.
Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16
Step I: 17 visit 48 black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16 grand
Step II: 17 23 visit 48 black opinion 61 25 16 science grand
Step III: 17 23 61 visit 48 opinion 25 16 black science grand
Step IV: 17 23 61 16 visit 48 25 opinion black science grand
Step V: 17 23 61 16 25 48 visit opinion black science grand

Q5. Which of the following element would be at the third from the left of the element which is sixth from the right end in step III?
61
visit
black
16
48
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
(i) For Words: Words are arranged according to the place value of the last letter in the alphabetical series from right to left in the right end. The word which has the last letter, which comes 1st in alphabetical series, is arranged first and so on. For example, “epic and choose” in which we can see that “c” and “e” are last letters of both words, but c comes 1st, so “epic” will be arranged 1st.
(ii) For Numbers: They are arranged in increasing order. The prime numbers are arranged first followed by composite numbers from left to right in left end.
Input: visit 17 48 grand black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16
Step I: 17 visit 48 black 23 opinion 61 25 science 16 grand
Step II: 17 23 visit 48 black opinion 61 25 16 science grand
Step III: 17 23 61 visit 48 opinion 25 16 black science grand
Step IV: 17 23 61 16 visit 48 25 opinion black science grand
Step V: 17 23 61 16 25 48 visit opinion black science grand

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
In number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers, it rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 75 16 56 25 48 31 64 97 22 57
Step I: 52 75 56 48 31 64 97 22 57 17
Step II: 13 52 75 56 48 64 97 57 17 23
Step III: 75 13 52 75 56 64 97 17 23 49
Step IV: 57 75 13 52 64 97 17 23 49 57
Step V: 79 57 75 13 52 17 23 49 57 65
And step V is the last step of the arrangement.
As per the above rule followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the input given below;
Input: 86 14 53 24 45 17 32 27 74 93

Q6. Which of the following is the last step of above input?
III
VI
IV
V
None of these
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
* Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
* Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 14 53 24 45 17 32 27 74 93
Step I: 71 86 53 24 45 32 27 74 93 15
Step II: 72 71 86 53 45 32 74 93 15 25
Step III: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33
Step IV: 35 54 72 71 86 93 15 25 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87

Q7. Which is the following step?

Step: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33

VI
III
IV
V
There is no such step
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
* Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
* Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 14 53 24 45 17 32 27 74 93
Step I: 71 86 53 24 45 32 27 74 93 15
Step II: 72 71 86 53 45 32 74 93 15 25
Step III: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33
Step IV: 35 54 72 71 86 93 15 25 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87

Q8. What is 4th element from right end in Step IV?
15
71
86
93
54
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
* Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
* Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 14 53 24 45 17 32 27 74 93
Step I: 71 86 53 24 45 32 27 74 93 15
Step II: 72 71 86 53 45 32 74 93 15 25
Step III: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33
Step IV: 35 54 72 71 86 93 15 25 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87

Q9. Which of the following elements lies exactly between 71 and 32 in step II?
15
86
53
25
74
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
* Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
* Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 14 53 24 45 17 32 27 74 93
Step I: 71 86 53 24 45 32 27 74 93 15
Step II: 72 71 86 53 45 32 74 93 15 25
Step III: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33
Step IV: 35 54 72 71 86 93 15 25 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87

Q10. Which of the following is the fifth step for input?
39 15 25 33 75 87 35 54 72 71
39 35 25 33 75 87 54 72 71 15
39 72 71 15 25 33 35 54 75 87
71 15 25 33 75 87 39 35 54 72
39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87
Solution:
In this input output question two numbers are arranged in each step following a certain pattern. Let us understand the logic behind it-
* Even numbers are arranged at the right end, from left to right in ascending order after adding one in each number.
* Odd numbers are arranged at the left end, from right to left in ascending order after the digits are interchanged within the number.
Input: 86 14 53 24 45 17 32 27 74 93
Step I: 71 86 53 24 45 32 27 74 93 15
Step II: 72 71 86 53 45 32 74 93 15 25
Step III: 54 72 71 86 53 74 93 15 25 33
Step IV: 35 54 72 71 86 93 15 25 33 75
Step V: 39 35 54 72 71 15 25 33 75 87

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: 7 create 28 factory 14 race 86 violence editorial 56
Step I: editorial 7 create 28 factory 14 race violence 56 86
Step II: violence editorial 7 create 28 factory 14 race 86 56
Step III: factory violence editorial 7 create 14 race 86 56 28
Step IV: create factory violence editorial 7 race 86 56 28 14
Step V: race create factory violence editorial 86 56 28 14 7
Now, the following questions are based on the below given input.
Input: probe 98 marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 defending 25 honors

Q11. Which of the following will be the penultimate step?
Step VI
Step V
Step IV
Step III
None us these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. As a first step, let’s first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output, you will observe the following:
(i)- The machine rearranges a word and a number in each step.
(ii)- The words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left. That means the word having more number of letters are arrange first at the left end and the words having less number of letter arrange in last at the left end.
(iii)- Numbers are arranged in descending order on the right end in each step.
Input: probe 98 marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 defending 25 honors
Step I: defending probe marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 25 honors 98
Step II: marriage defending probe over 12 poverty 9 25 honors 98 44
Step III: poverty marriage defending probe over 12 9 honors 98 44 25
Step IV: honors poverty marriage defending probe over 9 98 44 25 12
Step V: probe honors poverty marriage defending over 98 44 25 12 9
Step VI: over probe honors poverty marriage defending 98 44 25 12 9

Q12. What will be the position of ‘poverty’ in the last step?
Seventh from the left
Sixth from the right
Sixth from the left
Fourth from the left
None us these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. As a first step, let’s first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output, you will observe the following:
(i)- The machine rearranges a word and a number in each step.
(ii)- The words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left. That means the word having more number of letters are arrange first at the left end and the words having less number of letter arrange in last at the left end.
(iii)- Numbers are arranged in descending order on the right end in each step.
Input: probe 98 marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 defending 25 honors
Step I: defending probe marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 25 honors 98
Step II: marriage defending probe over 12 poverty 9 25 honors 98 44
Step III: poverty marriage defending probe over 12 9 honors 98 44 25
Step IV: honors poverty marriage defending probe over 9 98 44 25 12
Step V: probe honors poverty marriage defending over 98 44 25 12 9
Step VI: over probe honors poverty marriage defending 98 44 25 12 9

Q13. Which word/number would be the fourth from the right end in Step IV?
defending
honors
98
25
marriage
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. As a first step, let’s first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output, you will observe the following:
(i)- The machine rearranges a word and a number in each step.
(ii)- The words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left. That means the word having more number of letters are arrange first at the left end and the words having less number of letter arrange in last at the left end.
(iii)- Numbers are arranged in descending order on the right end in each step.
Input: probe 98 marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 defending 25 honors
Step I: defending probe marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 25 honors 98
Step II: marriage defending probe over 12 poverty 9 25 honors 98 44
Step III: poverty marriage defending probe over 12 9 honors 98 44 25
Step IV: honors poverty marriage defending probe over 9 98 44 25 12
Step V: probe honors poverty marriage defending over 98 44 25 12 9
Step VI: over probe honors poverty marriage defending 98 44 25 12 9

Q14. After how many steps, no further arrangement of words is possible?
Five
Four
Six
Seven
Eight
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. As a first step, let’s first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output, you will observe the following:
(i)- The machine rearranges a word and a number in each step.
(ii)- The words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left. That means the word having more number of letters are arrange first at the left end and the words having less number of letter arrange in last at the left end.
(iii)- Numbers are arranged in descending order on the right end in each step.
Input: probe 98 marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 defending 25 honors
Step I: defending probe marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 25 honors 98
Step II: marriage defending probe over 12 poverty 9 25 honors 98 44
Step III: poverty marriage defending probe over 12 9 honors 98 44 25
Step IV: honors poverty marriage defending probe over 9 98 44 25 12
Step V: probe honors poverty marriage defending over 98 44 25 12 9
Step VI: over probe honors poverty marriage defending 98 44 25 12 9

Q15. Which step would give the following output: ‘poverty marriage defending probe over 12 9 honors 98 44 25’?
Step IV
Step III
Step II
Step V
There will be no such step
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. As a first step, let’s first understand the logic behind the Output. If you will see the final output, you will observe the following:
(i)- The machine rearranges a word and a number in each step.
(ii)- The words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left. That means the word having more number of letters are arrange first at the left end and the words having less number of letter arrange in last at the left end.
(iii)- Numbers are arranged in descending order on the right end in each step.
Input: probe 98 marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 defending 25 honors
Step I: defending probe marriage over 12 poverty 44 9 25 honors 98
Step II: marriage defending probe over 12 poverty 9 25 honors 98 44
Step III: poverty marriage defending probe over 12 9 honors 98 44 25
Step IV: honors poverty marriage defending probe over 9 98 44 25 12
Step V: probe honors poverty marriage defending over 98 44 25 12 9
Step VI: over probe honors poverty marriage defending 98 44 25 12 9

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