Dear Aspirants,

### Reasoning Questions for SBI PO MAINS 2019

Reasoning Ability is a crafty section. With each passing year, all the organizations are increasing the level of complexity of the questions that are asked in either prelims or mains. It eventually affects the number of question one can usually attempt. But this section is based on logic and rules can be aced if practised well enough. The only way to achieve this ambitious goal is by practising continuously with dedication. So to prepare you with best tools for the finals, here is today's Reasoning Quiz based on the study plan and the exact same pattern of questions that are expected to be asked in SBI PO MAINS 2019. Keep Practicing. All the best.

Directions (1-5): Study the information carefully and answer the questions given below:

Six persons are sitting around a triangular table such that three of them sit at the corners and the rest on the middle of the side. The one who sits at the corner face away from the center and the one who sits at the middle of the side face towards the center. They also like different fruits. A sits second to the left of the one who likes banana. Only two persons sit between C and D. F sits second to the left of the one who likes grapes. C sits second to the right of B. Neither F nor C likes banana. The one who likes mango sits second to the right of the one who likes apple. D sits middle of the side and likes orange. A does not like guava.

Q1. Who among the following likes guava?
B
C
D
E
F
Solution:
(i)- A sits second to the left of the one who likes banana. Only two persons sit between C and D. D sits middle of the side and likes orange. Neither F nor C likes banana. There are two possibilities-

(ii)- C sits second to the right of B. F sits second to the left of the one who likes grapes. The one who likes mango sits second to the right of the one who likes apple. A does not like guava. Here case 2 ruled out. The final arrangement is-

Q2. Who among the following sits immediate right of the one who likes banana?
A
C
The one who likes grapes
The one who likes orange
F
Solution:
(i)- A sits second to the left of the one who likes banana. Only two persons sit between C and D. D sits middle of the side and likes orange. Neither F nor C likes banana. There are two possibilities-

(ii)- C sits second to the right of B. F sits second to the left of the one who likes grapes. The one who likes mango sits second to the right of the one who likes apple. A does not like guava. Here case 2 ruled out. The final arrangement is-

Q3. How many persons sit between A and C, when counted right of A?
None
Two
Three
One
More than three
Solution:
(i)- A sits second to the left of the one who likes banana. Only two persons sit between C and D. D sits middle of the side and likes orange. Neither F nor C likes banana. There are two possibilities-

(ii)- C sits second to the right of B. F sits second to the left of the one who likes grapes. The one who likes mango sits second to the right of the one who likes apple. A does not like guava. Here case 2 ruled out. The final arrangement is-

Q4. What is the position of D with respect to F?
Immediate left
Third to the right
Immediate right
Third to the left
Second to the left
Solution:
(i)- A sits second to the left of the one who likes banana. Only two persons sit between C and D. D sits middle of the side and likes orange. Neither F nor C likes banana. There are two possibilities-

(ii)- C sits second to the right of B. F sits second to the left of the one who likes grapes. The one who likes mango sits second to the right of the one who likes apple. A does not like guava. Here case 2 ruled out. The final arrangement is-

Q5. Four of the following five from a group, which among the following does not belong to this group?
F-Mango
A-Grapes
E-Apple
B-Orange
D-Banana
Solution:
(i)- A sits second to the left of the one who likes banana. Only two persons sit between C and D. D sits middle of the side and likes orange. Neither F nor C likes banana. There are two possibilities-

(ii)- C sits second to the right of B. F sits second to the left of the one who likes grapes. The one who likes mango sits second to the right of the one who likes apple. A does not like guava. Here case 2 ruled out. The final arrangement is-

Directions (6-10): Study the given information and answer the questions:

When a number arrangement machine is given an input line of numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of an input and its rearrangement.

Input: 45 39 64 53 89 74
Step I: 90 78 192 106 178 222
Step II: 9 15 12 7 16 6
Step III: 16 15 12 9 7 6
Step IV: 8 7.5 6 4.5 3.5 3
Step IV, is the last step of the above arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained. As per the rules followed in the given steps find out the appropriate steps for the given input:
Input: 68 49 26 96 53 15

Q6. What is the sum of the numbers at both the ends in step III of the given arrangement?
28
30
21
25
None of the above
Solution:
In this input output question only numbers is arranged in each step. Let us understand the logic behind it- In each step the numbers are arranged
In Step 1:  all the even number (input) are multiplied with 3 and all the odd numbers are multiplied with 2.
Step 2: Addition of the digits with in the number.
Step 3: All number are arranged in descending order.
Step 4: The numbers in the previous step is divided by 2.
Input:   68  49   26   96   53   15
Step I: 204  98  78  288   106  30
Step II: 6  17  15  18   7   3
Step III: 18  17   15   7   6   3

Step IV: 9    8.5   7.5  3.5   3    2.5

Q7. Which element is 2nd to the right of the one which is 4th to the left element in step I?
204
30
288
106
None of these
Solution:
In this input output question only numbers is arranged in each step. Let us understand the logic behind it- In each step the numbers are arranged
In Step 1:  all the even number (input) are multiplied with 3 and all the odd numbers are multiplied with 2.
Step 2: Addition of the digits with in the number.
Step 3: All number are arranged in descending order.
Step 4: The numbers in the previous step is divided by 2.
Input:   68  49   26   96   53   15
Step I: 204  98  78  288   106  30
Step II: 6  17  15  18   7   3
Step III: 18  17   15   7   6   3

Step IV: 9    8.5   7.5  3.5   3    2.5

Q8. What is the products of the numbers which is 3rd from the left end in IV step and 2nd from the right end in III step of the given arrangement?
37
45
25
48
none of these
Solution:
In this input output question only numbers is arranged in each step. Let us understand the logic behind it- In each step the numbers are arranged
In Step 1:  all the even number (input) are multiplied with 3 and all the odd numbers are multiplied with 2.
Step 2: Addition of the digits with in the number.
Step 3: All number are arranged in descending order.
Step 4: The numbers in the previous step is divided by 2.
Input:   68  49   26   96   53   15
Step I: 204  98  78  288   106  30
Step II: 6  17  15  18   7   3
Step III: 18  17   15   7   6   3

Step IV: 9    8.5   7.5  3.5   3    2.5

Q9. What is the difference between the numbers which is second from the left end and third from the right end in step II?
1
8
10
12
15
Solution:
In this input output question only numbers is arranged in each step. Let us understand the logic behind it- In each step the numbers are arranged
In Step 1:  all the even number (input) are multiplied with 3 and all the odd numbers are multiplied with 2.
Step 2: Addition of the digits with in the number.
Step 3: All number are arranged in descending order.
Step 4: The numbers in the previous step is divided by 2.
Input:   68  49   26   96   53   15
Step I: 204  98  78  288   106  30
Step II: 6  17  15  18   7   3
Step III: 18  17   15   7   6   3

Step IV: 9    8.5   7.5  3.5   3    2.5

Q10. What is the difference of digits of the number which is fourth from the right in step I?
7
22
13
12
1
Solution:
In this input output question only numbers is arranged in each step. Let us understand the logic behind it- In each step the numbers are arranged
In Step 1:  all the even number (input) are multiplied with 3 and all the odd numbers are multiplied with 2.
Step 2: Addition of the digits with in the number.
Step 3: All number are arranged in descending order.
Step 4: The numbers in the previous step is divided by 2.
Input:   68  49   26   96   53   15
Step I: 204  98  78  288   106  30
Step II: 6  17  15  18   7   3
Step III: 18  17   15   7   6   3

Step IV: 9    8.5   7.5  3.5   3    2.5

Directions (11-13): Each of these questions is based on the following information:

(i) P % Q means P is the father of Q.
(ii) P @ Q means P is the sister of Q.
(iii) P \$ Q means P is the brother of Q.
(iv) P * Q means P is the son of Q.

Q11. In the expression A * C % D @ B \$ E, how is C related to E?
Grand father
Mother
Sister
Father
None of these
Solution:

Q12. In the expression P @ R * T \$ U % V, how is U related to P?
Father
Cousin
Uncle
Mother
None of these
Solution:

Q13. Which of the following expression shows E is aunt of G?
E @ F % H * G \$ K
E @ F % H \$ G * K
G \$ F % H @ E * K
F % E \$ G * H @ K
None of these
Solution:

Directions (14-15): Study the given information and answer the questions:
There are seven members in a family, in which two married couples. F is mother of R. E is aunt of P. C is father-in- law of Q who is not wife of R. C is brother of E. Q is mother of G. F is sister in law of E. R is male.

Q14. Who among the following sister in law of R?
E
P
Q
G
None of these
Solution:

Q15. How G is related to F?
Grandmother
Sister
Grandfather
Father
Can’t be determine
Solution:

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