Dear Aspirants,

### Reasoning Questions for SBI PO Mains 2019

Reasoning Ability is a crafty section. It eventually affects the number of question one can usually attempt. But this section is based on logic and rules can be aced if practised well enough. The only way to achieve this ambitious goal is by practising continuously with dedication. So to prepare you with best tools for the finals, here is today's Reasoning Quiz based on the study plan and the exact same pattern of questions that are expected to be asked in SBI PO Mains.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
There are eight persons namely A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H, who live on eight different floors of a building, but not necessarily in the same order. The ground floor is numbered 1 and the one above that is numbered 2 and so on till the topmost floor is numbered 8. Each one of them go for a vacations on different places i.e. Germany, Bangkok, Paris, Goa, Malaysia, Japan, San jones and China, but not necessarily in the same order. They celebrate their birthday in different months of the year viz, February, April, June, July, August, September, October, and December but not necessarily in the same order.
The person who goes for a vacation in Goa lives on the floor numbered 7. H goes for a vacation in Paris. The person who goes for a vacation in Bangkok lives on the topmost floor and his birthday is in a month after august. D lives on an even numbered floor. Only three people live between D and E. Only two persons live between G and F. H lives on a floor that is immediately below F. Only two persons live between E and B. A does not live on the lowermost floor. The person who celebrates his birthday in February lives on one of the floors above the 4th floor. The person who lives on the 5th floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after April. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany. The person who goes for a vacation in Japan lives immediately above the 4th floor. Only one person lives between E and G. G lives on one of the floors below E. The person who celebrates his birthday on July goes for a vacation in Paris. F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June. The persons who live on odd numbered floors celebrate their birthday in the months which has less than 31 days. The person who goes for a vacation in San jones celebrates his birthday in the month after July. G goes for a vacation in Malaysia and celebrates his birthday in the month after October.

Q1. Who amongst the following lives exactly between G and the one who goes for a vacation in Bangkok?
E
A
H
F
C
Solution:
From the given conditions, the person who goes for a vacation in Goa lives on the floor numbered 7. The person who goes for a vacation in Bangkok lives on the topmost floor. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany. The person who goes for a vacation in Japan lives immediately above the 4th floor.
Now from the other conditions, F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June. The person who lives on the 5th floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after April; hence the person who lives on the 5th floor does not celebrate his birthday on February and April. The person who celebrates his birthday in February lives on one of the floors above the 4th floor. The persons who live on odd numbered floors celebrate their birthday in the months which has less than 31 days: hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, April, June and September, lives on odd numbered floor. Hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, lives on 7th floor.
D lives on an even numbered floor. Only three people live between D and E. Only one person lives between E and G. G lives on one of the floors below E. Only two persons live between G and F. H lives on a floor that is immediately below F. Only two persons live between E and B.
From these conditions D lives on 4th floor and E lives on 8th floor. A does not live on the lowermost floor. From that condition we deduce the following-
Now, H goes for a vacation in Paris. The person who celebrates his birthday on July goes for a vacation in Paris. G goes for a vacation in Malaysia and celebrates his birthday in the month after October; G celebrates his birthday on December. F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June: Hence he celebrates his birthday on April. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany; hence the person who lives on the lowermost floor does not celebrate his birthday on June.
So the person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on September. And the rest person, who lives on odd number floor, celebrates his birthday on June. The person who goes for a vacation in San jones celebrates his birthday in the month after July; hence this person celebrates his birthday on August. And the rest person E celebrates his birthday on October. The Final arrangement are-

Q2. H goes for a vacation in which of the following places?
Goa
Japan
Bangkok
Paris
China
Solution:
From the given conditions, the person who goes for a vacation in Goa lives on the floor numbered 7. The person who goes for a vacation in Bangkok lives on the topmost floor. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany. The person who goes for a vacation in Japan lives immediately above the 4th floor.
Now from the other conditions, F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June. The person who lives on the 5th floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after April; hence the person who lives on the 5th floor does not celebrate his birthday on February and April. The person who celebrates his birthday in February lives on one of the floors above the 4th floor. The persons who live on odd numbered floors celebrate their birthday in the months which has less than 31 days: hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, April, June and September, lives on odd numbered floor. Hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, lives on 7th floor.
D lives on an even numbered floor. Only three people live between D and E. Only one person lives between E and G. G lives on one of the floors below E. Only two persons live between G and F. H lives on a floor that is immediately below F. Only two persons live between E and B.
From these conditions D lives on 4th floor and E lives on 8th floor. A does not live on the lowermost floor. From that condition we deduce the following-
Now, H goes for a vacation in Paris. The person who celebrates his birthday on July goes for a vacation in Paris. G goes for a vacation in Malaysia and celebrates his birthday in the month after October; G celebrates his birthday on December. F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June: Hence he celebrates his birthday on April. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany; hence the person who lives on the lowermost floor does not celebrate his birthday on June.
So the person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on September. And the rest person, who lives on odd number floor, celebrates his birthday on June. The person who goes for a vacation in San jones celebrates his birthday in the month after July; hence this person celebrates his birthday on August. And the rest person E celebrates his birthday on October. The Final arrangement are-

Q3. How many people live between A and the one who goes for a vacation in Paris?
Four
Three
Two
Five
None
Solution:
From the given conditions, the person who goes for a vacation in Goa lives on the floor numbered 7. The person who goes for a vacation in Bangkok lives on the topmost floor. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany. The person who goes for a vacation in Japan lives immediately above the 4th floor.
Now from the other conditions, F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June. The person who lives on the 5th floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after April; hence the person who lives on the 5th floor does not celebrate his birthday on February and April. The person who celebrates his birthday in February lives on one of the floors above the 4th floor. The persons who live on odd numbered floors celebrate their birthday in the months which has less than 31 days: hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, April, June and September, lives on odd numbered floor. Hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, lives on 7th floor.
D lives on an even numbered floor. Only three people live between D and E. Only one person lives between E and G. G lives on one of the floors below E. Only two persons live between G and F. H lives on a floor that is immediately below F. Only two persons live between E and B.
From these conditions D lives on 4th floor and E lives on 8th floor. A does not live on the lowermost floor. From that condition we deduce the following-
Now, H goes for a vacation in Paris. The person who celebrates his birthday on July goes for a vacation in Paris. G goes for a vacation in Malaysia and celebrates his birthday in the month after October; G celebrates his birthday on December. F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June: Hence he celebrates his birthday on April. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany; hence the person who lives on the lowermost floor does not celebrate his birthday on June.
So the person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on September. And the rest person, who lives on odd number floor, celebrates his birthday on June. The person who goes for a vacation in San jones celebrates his birthday in the month after July; hence this person celebrates his birthday on August. And the rest person E celebrates his birthday on October. The Final arrangement are-

Q4. Who among the following person goes for a vacation in China?
G
F
H
C
E
Solution:
From the given conditions, the person who goes for a vacation in Goa lives on the floor numbered 7. The person who goes for a vacation in Bangkok lives on the topmost floor. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany. The person who goes for a vacation in Japan lives immediately above the 4th floor.
Now from the other conditions, F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June. The person who lives on the 5th floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after April; hence the person who lives on the 5th floor does not celebrate his birthday on February and April. The person who celebrates his birthday in February lives on one of the floors above the 4th floor. The persons who live on odd numbered floors celebrate their birthday in the months which has less than 31 days: hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, April, June and September, lives on odd numbered floor. Hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, lives on 7th floor.
D lives on an even numbered floor. Only three people live between D and E. Only one person lives between E and G. G lives on one of the floors below E. Only two persons live between G and F. H lives on a floor that is immediately below F. Only two persons live between E and B.
From these conditions D lives on 4th floor and E lives on 8th floor. A does not live on the lowermost floor. From that condition we deduce the following-
Now, H goes for a vacation in Paris. The person who celebrates his birthday on July goes for a vacation in Paris. G goes for a vacation in Malaysia and celebrates his birthday in the month after October; G celebrates his birthday on December. F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June: Hence he celebrates his birthday on April. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany; hence the person who lives on the lowermost floor does not celebrate his birthday on June.
So the person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on September. And the rest person, who lives on odd number floor, celebrates his birthday on June. The person who goes for a vacation in San jones celebrates his birthday in the month after July; hence this person celebrates his birthday on August. And the rest person E celebrates his birthday on October. The Final arrangement are-

Q5. Who among the following person lives on 6th floor?
E
F
H
C
G
Solution:
From the given conditions, the person who goes for a vacation in Goa lives on the floor numbered 7. The person who goes for a vacation in Bangkok lives on the topmost floor. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany. The person who goes for a vacation in Japan lives immediately above the 4th floor.
Now from the other conditions, F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June. The person who lives on the 5th floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after April; hence the person who lives on the 5th floor does not celebrate his birthday on February and April. The person who celebrates his birthday in February lives on one of the floors above the 4th floor. The persons who live on odd numbered floors celebrate their birthday in the months which has less than 31 days: hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, April, June and September, lives on odd numbered floor. Hence the person, who celebrates their birthday on February, lives on 7th floor.
D lives on an even numbered floor. Only three people live between D and E. Only one person lives between E and G. G lives on one of the floors below E. Only two persons live between G and F. H lives on a floor that is immediately below F. Only two persons live between E and B.
From these conditions D lives on 4th floor and E lives on 8th floor. A does not live on the lowermost floor. From that condition we deduce the following-
Now, H goes for a vacation in Paris. The person who celebrates his birthday on July goes for a vacation in Paris. G goes for a vacation in Malaysia and celebrates his birthday in the month after October; G celebrates his birthday on December. F, who goes for a vacation in China, celebrates his birthday on the month before June: Hence he celebrates his birthday on April. The person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on one of the months after June and he goes for a vacation in Germany; hence the person who lives on the lowermost floor does not celebrate his birthday on June.
So the person who lives on the lowermost floor celebrates his birthday on September. And the rest person, who lives on odd number floor, celebrates his birthday on June. The person who goes for a vacation in San jones celebrates his birthday in the month after July; hence this person celebrates his birthday on August. And the rest person E celebrates his birthday on October. The Final arrangement are-

Direction (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

In a certain code language:
Hindustan Indian The Hindu - #S1, @N1, #T8, #S4
Economic Times Express Guardian - @Y9, #S5, #D19, @G1
Daily Mirror Observer Post - #A12, @S15, @Z5, @M19.

Q6. What will be the code of Business?
@G19
@W19
#E21
#G19
None of these
Solution:

Q7. What will be the code of “World and India”?
#M12 @N14 #M9
@M12 #N14 #M9
#M12 #N14 #M9
#M12 #N9 @M14
None of these
Solution:

Q8. What will be the code of “Nobel Prize”?
#M5 #J26
@M5 @J26
@M5 #J26
#M5 @J26
None of these
Solution:

Q9. What will be the code of “Previous Year”?
@J21 #W1
#J21 @W1
#J21 #W1
@J1 @W1
@J21 @W1
Solution:

Q10. What will be the code of “Latest News”?
#Z19 @W23
#Z19 #W23
@Z23 @W19
@Z19 @W23
None of these
Solution:

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: xenon 63 century 51 88 69 glow goal 81 hearing
Step I: century xenon 63 51 69 glow goal 81 hearing 88
Step II: glow century xenon 63 51 69 goal hearing 88 81
Step III: goal glow century xenon 63 51 hearing 88 81 69
Step IV: hearing goal glow century xenon 51 88 81 69 63
Step V: xenon hearing goal glow century 88 81 69 63 51
And step V is the last step of the arrangement. As per the above rule followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the input given below;

Input: 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 Alpha 53 44

Q11. How many steps would be needed to complete the arrangement?
IV
V
VI
VII
None of these
Solution:
Logic: - The machine rearranges numbers and words in each step. Words are arranged in alphabetical order to the left side whereas numbers are arranged in descending order to the right side.
Input: 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 Alpha 53 44
Step I: alpha 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 44 53
Step II: contra alpha 41 do recover 21 muffin little 29 44 53 49
Step III: do contra alpha 41 recover 21 muffin little 29 53 49 44
Step IV: little do contra alpha recover 21 muffin 29 53 49 44 41
Step V: muffin little do contra alpha recover 21 53 49 44 41 29
Step VI: recover muffin little do contra alpha 53 49 44 41 29 21

Q12. Which Step number would be the following output?
little do contra Alpha recover21 muffin 29 53 49 44 41
III
II
VII
IV
There will be no such step
Solution:
Logic: - The machine rearranges numbers and words in each step. Words are arranged in alphabetical order to the left side whereas numbers are arranged in descending order to the right side.
Input: 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 Alpha 53 44
Step I: alpha 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 44 53
Step II: contra alpha 41 do recover 21 muffin little 29 44 53 49
Step III: do contra alpha 41 recover 21 muffin little 29 53 49 44
Step IV: little do contra alpha recover 21 muffin 29 53 49 44 41
Step V: muffin little do contra alpha recover 21 53 49 44 41 29
Step VI: recover muffin little do contra alpha 53 49 44 41 29 21

Q13. Which of the following would be the step I?
Alpha 41 contra recover21 muffin little 49 29 53 44
Alpha contra 21 recover41 muffin little 29 53 44 49
Alpha 41 do recover21 44 muffin contra little 49 53 29
Alpha 41 do recover44 21 contra little 29 49 53
None of these
Solution:
Logic: - The machine rearranges numbers and words in each step. Words are arranged in alphabetical order to the left side whereas numbers are arranged in descending order to the right side.
Input: 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 Alpha 53 44
Step I: alpha 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 44 53
Step II: contra alpha 41 do recover 21 muffin little 29 44 53 49
Step III: do contra alpha 41 recover 21 muffin little 29 53 49 44
Step IV: little do contra alpha recover 21 muffin 29 53 49 44 41
Step V: muffin little do contra alpha recover 21 53 49 44 41 29
Step VI: recover muffin little do contra alpha 53 49 44 41 29 21

Q14. In step V, which of the following word/number would be on the 6th position (from the right)?
44
21
49
recover
Alpha
Solution:
Logic: - The machine rearranges numbers and words in each step. Words are arranged in alphabetical order to the left side whereas numbers are arranged in descending order to the right side.
Input: 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 Alpha 53 44
Step I: alpha 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 44 53
Step II: contra alpha 41 do recover 21 muffin little 29 44 53 49
Step III: do contra alpha 41 recover 21 muffin little 29 53 49 44
Step IV: little do contra alpha recover 21 muffin 29 53 49 44 41
Step V: muffin little do contra alpha recover 21 53 49 44 41 29
Step VI: recover muffin little do contra alpha 53 49 44 41 29 21

Q15. Which of the following would be the final arrangement?
recover muffin little do contra Alpha 53 44 49 41 29 21
recover muffin little do contra Alpha 53 21 44 41 29 49
recover muffin little do contra Alpha 53 49 44 21 29 41
recover muffin little do contra Alpha 53 49 44 41 29 21
None of these
Solution:
Logic: - The machine rearranges numbers and words in each step. Words are arranged in alphabetical order to the left side whereas numbers are arranged in descending order to the right side.
Input: 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 Alpha 53 44
Step I: alpha 41 do recover 21 49 muffin contra little 29 44 53
Step II: contra alpha 41 do recover 21 muffin little 29 44 53 49
Step III: do contra alpha 41 recover 21 muffin little 29 53 49 44
Step IV: little do contra alpha recover 21 muffin 29 53 49 44 41
Step V: muffin little do contra alpha recover 21 53 49 44 41 29
Step VI: recover muffin little do contra alpha 53 49 44 41 29 21

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