Banking Pathway 2015 : English Quiz (Reading Comprehension)

Dear Readers,

                        Today we are rendering you quiz on Reading Comprehension which is one of the most crucial and tough portion of English section in banking exams, in which maximum people get baffled and get panicked while solving it. You can solve Reading Comprehension with ease if you are practising it on very regular basis, It is pivotal for all the upcoming banking exams, IBPS/SBI/RRB etc.


Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.


Management is a set
of processes that can keep a complicated system of people and technology
running smoothly. The most important aspects of management include planning,
budgeting, organising, staffing, controlling, and problem-solving. Leadership
is a set of processes that creates organizations in the first place or
 adapts them to significantly changing
circumstances. Leadership defines what the future should look like, aligns
people with that vision, and inspires them to make it happen despite the
obstacles. This distinction is absolutely crucial for our purposes here:
Successful transformation is 70 to 90 per cent leadership and only 10 to 30 per
cent management. Yet for historical reasons, many organizations today don’t
have much leadership. And almost everyone thinks about the problems here as one
of managing For most of this century, as we created thousands and thousands of
large organizations for the first time in human history, we didn’t have enough
good managers to keep all those bureaucracies functioning. So many companies
and universities developed management programmes, and hundreds and thousands of
people were encouraged to learn management on the job. And they did. But,
people were taught little about leadership. To some degree, management was
emphasized because it’s easier to teach than leadership. But even more so,
management was the main item on the twentieth-century agenda because that’s
what was needed. For every entrepreneur or business builder who was a leader,
we needed hundreds of managers to run their ever growing enterprises.

Unfortunately for us
today, this emphasis on management has often been institutionalized in
corporate cultures that discourage employees from learning how to lead.
Ironically, past success is usually the key ingredient in producing this
outcome. The syndrome, as I have observed it on many occasions, goes like this:
success creates some degree of market dominance, which in turn produces much
growth. After a while keeping the ever larger organization under control
becomes the primary challenge. So attention turns inward, and managerial
competencies are nurtured. With a strong emphasis on management but not on
leadership, bureaucracy and an inward focus take over. But with continued
success, the result mostly of market dominance, the problem often goes
unaddressed and an unhealthy arrogance begins to evolve. All of these
characteristics then make any transformation effort much more difficult.
Arrogant managers can
over-evaluate their current performance and competitive position, listen
poorly, and learn slowly. Inwardly focused employees can have difficulty seeing
the very forces that present threats and opportunities. Bureaucratic cultures
can smother those who want to respond to shifting
conditions. And the lack of leadership leaves no force inside these
organisations to break out of the morass.
1. Why, according to
the author, is a distinction between management and leadership crucial? 
1) Leaders are
reactive whereas managers are proactive. 
2) Organisations are
facing problems of not getting good managers. 
3) Organisations are
pursuing the strategy of status
quo.
 
4) In today’s
context, organisations need leaders much more than managers in transforming
them. 
5) None of
these 
2. Why did companies
and universities develop programmes to prepare managers in such a large number? 
1) Companies and
universities wanted to generate funds through these programmes. 
2) A large number of
organisations were created and they needed managers in good number. 
3) Organisations did
not want spend their scarce resources in training managers. 
4) Organisations
wanted to create communication network through trained managers.
5) None of
these 
3. Which of the
following is not the characteristic of bureaucratic culture? 
1) Managers listen
poorly and learn slowly. 
2) Managerial
competencies are nurtured. 
3) Employees clearly
see the forces that present threats and opportunities. 
4) Prevalence of
unhealthy arrogance. 
5) Managers tend to
stifle initiative and innovation.
4. Management
education was emphasized in the management programmes because?
1) establishing
direction was the main focus of organisations
2) motivating
employees was thought to be done by managers
3) strategies for
producing change was the main focus of organisations
4) organisations
wanted to create powerful guiding coalition
5) management was the
main item of agenda in organizations
5. What is the
historical reason for many organisations not having leadership?
1) A view that
leaders are born they are not made
2) Leaders lack
managerial skills and organisations need managers V
3) Leaders are weak
in carrying out traditional functions of management
4) Leaders allow too
much complacency in organisations
5) None of these
6. Why does the
attention of large organizations turn inward?
1) Their managers
become arrogant.
2) They have to keep
themselves under control.
3) Their success
creates market dominance.
4) They want to
project their predictability.
5) None of these
7. What, according to
the author, is leadership?
1) Process which
keeps the system of people and technology running smoothly
2) Planning the
future and budgeting resources of the organisation
3) Inspiring people
to realise the vision
4) Carrying out the
crucial functions of management
5) None of these
8. Which of the
following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word SMOTHER as used in the
passage? 
1) suppress 
2) encourage 
3) instigate 
4) criticise 
5) attack
9. Which of the
following is SIMILAR in meaning of the word NURTURED as used in the passage?
1) created 
2) developed 
3) thwarted
4) surfaced 
5) halted
10.  Which
of the following statements is/are definitely true in the context of the
passage?
(A) Bureaucracy
fosters strong and arrogant culture.
(B) Leadership
competencies are nurtured in large-size organisations.
(C) Successful
transformation in organizations is 70 to 90 per cent leadership.
1) Only A and B 
2) Only A and C
3) Only B and C  
4) Only B 
5) Only C

Answers..


1. (4)
2. (2)
3. (3)
4. (5)
5. (5)
6. (2)
7. (3)
8. (1)
9. (2)
10.(2)