Basics on Syllogism

Hello Readers,
We are providing some basic of Syllogism that will clarify your doubts to some extent. Also, practise the questions given below!!!

Directions (1 – 11): In each question below are given two or three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read both the statements and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. 
Give answers:
Give answer (1) if only conclusion I is true.
Give answer (2) if only conclusion II is true.
Give answer (3) if either conclusion I or II is true.
Give answer (4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true.
Give answer (5) if both conclusions I and II is true

1. Statements: 
Some apples are mangoes.
Some mangoes are oranges.
No orange is apple.

Conclusions: 
I. some mangoes that are oranges are apples
II. some apples that are mangoes are oranges

2. Statements: 
Some birds are animals.
All animals are black.
No black is white.
Some whites are birds.

Conclusions: 
I. Some birds which are black are not white.
II. All animals which are black are necessarily bird.

3. Statements: 
All scooters are buses.
All bikes are buses
50% buses are trains

Conclusions: 
I. All buses are either bikes or scooters.
II. Some scooters being train is a possibility

4. Statements: 
All apples which are red is tasty.
Most reds are apples.
Most apples are balls

Conclusions: 
I. Some reds are tasty.
II. Some apples are neither red nor ball.

5. Statements: 
All cups are plates.
Some plates are bowls.

Conclusions: 
I. Some bowls if they are cups, are also plates.
II. All bowls which are not plates are also not cups.

6. Statements:   
Some roses which are plants are flowers.
All plants are lotus.

Conclusions: 
I. Some lotus are not flowers.
II.  Some lotus which are roses are flowers.
III. Some roses are lotus.
     
7. Statements:   
All matches are cups.                      
Some fields are not viewers.
All viewers are fans.                        
Some matches are not fans.

Conclusions: 
I. Some cup which are fans are not viewers.
II.  Some matches which are not viewers are cups.
III. Some fields which are fans are not matches.
     
8. Statements:   
Some pens are books.                      
Some books are pencils.
Some pencils are rubbers.                
All books are slates.
     
Conclusions: 
I. All pencils are books.                
II. All pens are pencils.
III. Some slates are pens.                
IV. All slates are books
     
9. Statements:   
All roses which are leaves are flowers.
Some sunflowers which are leaves are not plants.
     
Conclusions: 
I. Some roses which are plants are not flowers.
II.  Some flowers which are roses are not sunflowers.
     
10.Statements:   
Some animals are not cats.              
All elephants are cats.
No Kangaroo is animals.
     
Conclusions: 
I. Some animals who are not elephants are not kangaroos.
II.  Some cats are not Kangaroos.
     
11. Statements:   
Some schools which are not students are colleges.
No student is a principal.
All schools are principals.
     
Conclusions: 
I. No college is a principal.          
II. Some principals are colleges.
III. All colleges are schools.
     


ANSWERS
1. (4)

2. (1)

                                                 

3. (2)
4. (1)

   

5. (5)
6. (3)
7. (2)
8. (3)
9. (3)
10. (1)

11. (3)