News in International Affairs 17th- 23rd August 2020
- Malian President, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita has resigned and dissolved parliament hours after mutinying soldiers detained him at gunpoint, plunging a country already facing an insurgency and mass protests deeper into crisis.
- Luis Rodolfo Abinader Corona has been sworn in as the 54th President of Dominican Republic. He succeeds Danilo Medina of Liberation Party.
- Keith Rowley sworn in as Prime Minister of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago for a 2nd consecutive 5-year term. He is from the ruling People’s National Movement (PNM).
- Francisco Pascual Eyegue Obama Asue was reappointed as the Prime Minister of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea for 3rd consecutive term.
News in International Affairs 10th- 16th August 2020
- A “state of environmental emergency” has been declared by the island nation of Mauritius, as a Japanese bulk carrier “MV Wakashio” ran aground on a reef in Mauritius and began leaking oil into the ocean.
- Sri Lanka’s former President, Mahinda Rajapaksa took oath as the country’s Prime Minister for the fourth time.
- President of Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko has won his sixth consecutive term in the country’s presidential election.
- Mohamed Ould Bilal has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of Mauritania. The appointment was made following the resignation of his predecessor Ismail Ould Cheikh Sidiya and his entire government.
- Walter Roger Martos Ruiz has become the new Prime Minister of Peru.
- Russia has become the first country to register a coronavirus vaccine “Sputnik V” registered for use.
- Prime Minister of Lebanon, Hassan Diab and his entire government has resigned, in the wake of the major blast in Beirut.
News in International Affairs 3rd- 9th August 2020
- The United Arab Emirates became the first Arab country to open a nuclear power plant, when the Unit 1 of the Barakah Nuclear Plant in Abu Dhabi, got operational on 31 July 2020. It will produce 6 gigawatts of electricity and meet up to 25% of the UAE’s electricity needs.
- Former Guyanese housing minister, Mohamed Irfaan Ali has been named as the President of the country. He is a member of the opposition People’s Progressive Party (PPP). He succeeds David Arthur(A.) Granger.
- Former Chief-of-Staff of the Guyana Defence Force, Brigadier (retired) Mark Anthony Phillips has been sworn in as Prime Minister of Guyana.
- The United States Senate has unanimously passed a bill banning the Chinese-owned video-sharing app TikTok on government devices. The bill will now go to President Donald Trump to be signed into a law, which will prohibit federal employees from downloading or using TikTok.
News in International Affairs July 2020- 2nd August 2020
- A mission titled as “Hope” has been launched to “Mars” by the United Arab Emirates. With the help of mission, UAE aims to provide a complete picture of the Martian atmosphere for the first time, studying daily and seasonal changes. The Hope probe constitutes three different instruments namely an imager and two spectrometers.
- SpaceX has successfully launched South Korea’s first military satellite “ANASIS-II”. The satellite was deployed into a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) by a Falcon 9 rocket. It was launched from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in the US of Florida.
- China has successfully launched “Tianwen-1” its first independent mission to Mars. A Long March 5 rocket carrying the spacecraft ignited at the Wenchang Space Launch Site in south China’s tropical Hainan province.
- World Trade Organization (WTO) General Council has granted the “Observer” status to the central Asian country Turkmenistan. Turkmenistan has become the 25th observer of the organization.
- Russia has conducted a successful flight test of an MGTD-20 gas turbine 3D-printed aircraft engine. The flight tests were held at Kazanbash aviation centre in Tatarstan. Its production is scheduled for 2021-2022.
- International Monetary Fund (IMF) has approved USD3 billion to South Africa in emergency funding to help the country in its fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Hichem Mechichi has been appointed as the new Prime Minister of Tunisia.
News in International Affairs June 2020
- Bangladesh has launched an initiative named ‘Shohojodha’, which is an online network to facilitate plasma exchange between recovered patients of COVID-19 treatment.
- Myanmar military “Tatmadaw” has decided to use Facebook again to provide ‘accurate’ news to people.
- New Zealand has declared itself free from “Coronavirus”. New Zealand achieved this milestone after 75 days of restrictions.
- Member countries of the Group of 20 (G20) has pledged more than $21 billion to improve the global health and hence supporting the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic.
News in International Affairs 1st June to 7th June 2020
- WHO has launched the ‘COVID-19 Technology Access Pool’ for equitable access to life-saving tech. This comes after at least 37 countries jointly appealed to the World Health Organisation for common ownership of vaccines, medicines and other diagnostic tools to combat the global health crisis
News in International Affairs 25th May to 31st May 2020
- European Union proposed 750 billion Euros as COVID-19 recovery fund to help the countries to recover from deep recession caused by the COVID-19. The money would be divided in the following manner: 500 billion euros given to EU countries as grants while the remaining 250 billion euros would be available as loans.
News in International Affairs 18th May to 24th May 2020
- Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has won the Israeli national election, securing a record fifth term in office, after a controversial power-sharing deal with rival-turned-partner Benny Gantz.
- China has announced to provide USD 2 billion over two years to fight the coronavirus pandemic at WHO assembly. The USD 2 billion over subsequent two years will support COVID-19 response efforts, particularly in developing countries.
- Lesotho Prime Minister, Thomas Thabane has formally resigned from the post. Lesotho’s Finance Minister Moeketsi Majoro has been named by parliament as the interim PM of the country.
- UNICEF and Airtel Africa has partnered to support children & families affected in 13 countries across sub-Saharan Africa due to the COVID-19 pandemic. It aims to provide children with access to remote learning and enable access to cash assistance for their families through mobile cash transfers.
News in International Affairs 11th May to 17th May 2020
- Slovenia has become the 1st coronavirus-free country in Europe.
- The Italian Institute of Technology (IIT) has developed ‘iFeel–You’ bracelet for social distancing, and will help users respect social distancing rules.
- World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Postal Administration (UNPA) have jointly released commemorative Postage Stamp on the 40th anniversary of the eradication of smallpox.
News in International Affairs- 4th May to 10th May 2020
- Russia has planned to launch the 1st satellite named Arktika-M to monitor the Arctic climate and environment later this year. Arktika-M 1 spacecraft has been developed and is undergoing radio-electronic testing. This satellite is planned to launch at the end of 2020. The launch will take place on Soyuz -2,1b carrier rocket with frigate booster.
- Former intelligence chief of Iraq Mustafa al-Kadhimi becomes new Iraqi prime minister. Former PM Adil-Abdul Mahdi resigned in November last year.
- China has successfully launched a new rocket named “Long March 5B” into space as it steps up Moon landing plans. This rocket is launched in Wenchang launch site that is located on the island of Hainan, china.
- The Government of Iran recently takes a decision of changing the name of its currency to a “Toman”. Under the bill, Iran national currency is going to be changed from the rial to the Toman, which is adequate to 10,000 rials.
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News in International Affairs- 27th April to 3rd May 2020
- G-20 has launched a “Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator” under the presidency of Saudi Arabia to improve connections as well as to leverage interdependencies for collective partnership, mobilizing, problem-solving, and guiding investments for new COVID-19 diagnostics, therapeutics as well as vaccines.
- Saudi Arabia’s King Salman bin Abdulaziz al-Saud has abolished the death penalty for crimes committed by minors.
News in International Affairs- 20th April to 26th April 2020
- The Lebanese parliament has passed the legislation to legalize the cannabis cultivation for medical and industrial purposes. Earlier, the farming of cannabis was illegal in Lebanon, but now the cannabis farming would be regulated within the country.
- Iran has successfully launched its first-ever military satellite named “Noor” into the orbit. ‘Noor’ satellite has reached its orbit and it orbiting 425 km above the earth’s surface. This satellite is launched by the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps [IRGC], a branch of the country’s armed forces. The Noor satellite was launched by a three-stage rocket which was powered by a combination of solid and liquid fuels.
News in International Affairs- 13th April to 19th April 2020
- Asian Development Bank has increased the size of its COVID-19 Response Package from $6.5 billion to $20 Billion as ADB’s response to the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic.
- Managing Director of International Monetary Fund, Kristalina Georgieva has named a group of prominent individuals to serve as her new External Advisory Group which includes former RBI governor, Raghuram Rajan.
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News in International Affairs- 6th April to 12th April 2020
- The United States has announced $2.9 million aid for India through the US Agency for International Development (USAID). The funds announced are going to help India in its fight against COVID-19 and to also provide care for those who are affected and help the local communities with the tools to stop the pandemic spreading in the country.
- The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Development Fund (SDF) has allocated $5 million for COVID-19 related projects in its member states. This project will be funded by the SDF under its Social Window thematic areas. SDF’s social window primarily funds projects on poverty alleviation, social development focusing on education, health, and human resource development, among others.
- Asian Development Bank (ADB) assured of $2.2 billion (about Rs 16,500 crore) support package to India to fight against COVID-19 pandemic. India’s needs, including emergency assistance, policy-based loans and budget support to facilitate swift disbursement of ADB funds. ADB stands ready to provide further financial assistance and policy advice whenever the situation warrants.
- Hindustan Unilever has partnered with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to support India to combat COVID-19. The partnership aims to initiate a mass communication campaign with an objective of informing and empowering the general public against the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Hyderabad-based Indian Immunologicals Limited (IIL) has partnered with Australia’s Griffith University to develop the COVID-19 vaccine. Scientists from IIL and Griffith University will jointly develop a “live attenuated SARS – CoV-2 vaccine” or COVID-19 vaccine using the “latest codon de-optimization technology”.
- Flipkart Private Limited inks partnership with ICICI Lombard General Insurance Company Limited & Go Digit General Insurance to launched two health insurance policies. The name of the two policies that specifically cover coronavirus (COVID-19) are ‘COVID-19 Protection Cover’ and ‘Digit Illness Group Insurance’.
- Bharat Biotech in tie-up with the US-based company FluGen and University of Wisconsin Madison to develop a vaccine named “Coro-Flu” to fight against COVID-19. CoroFlu will build on the backbone of FluGen’s flu vaccine candidate known as M2SR.
News in International Affairs- 30th March to 5th April 2020
- NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg has announced the appointment of a group of experts to support his work in a reflection process to further strengthen NATO’s political dimension.
- The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has announced that the world has clearly entered a recession due to the coronavirus pandemic.
- Adjaristsqali Georgia LLC has announced the start of commercial operation of the 178 MW Shuakhevi Hydro Power Project (Shuakhevi HPP) located in southwest Georgia.