DAILY GK UPDATE 12th JUNE

1.Today
is World Day against Child Labour
i. Today is World Day Against
Child Labour. This year, the theme is – “No to Child Labour in Domestic
Work”.

ii. The World Day Against Child Labour is
an 
International Labour
Organization – sanctioned holiday for the purpose of raising awareness
and activism to prevent child
labour in both economic and military fields
iii. It is currently held each June 12. The
ILO created this observance in 2002 and it has been held annually since then.
iv. According to the International
Labour Organisation, ILO, throughout the world, there are around 215 million
children who work, many of them, full-time.
v. The ILO is marking the day by calling for action to build
a worldwide movement against child labour.
It stresses on legislative
and policy reforms to ensure that child labour in domestic work, is eliminated.
iv. The Child Labour (Prohibition of
Regulation) Act makes employing a child under 14 years of age, a cognizable
offence.
2.   
End of the Telegram Era; BSNL to shut the 160-year old
service
i. Smart phones, emails and SMS seem to have pushed the
humble telegram service to a quiet corner with the Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd
(BSNL) deciding to discontinue the 160-year-old telegraph service from
15th July.
ii. Once the main source
of quick and urgent communication, the service delivered many happy and sad
news to people spread all over the country. But with the advent of technology
and newer means of communication, the telegram found itself edged out. 
iii. As per a circular issued by Shameem Akhtar, Sr. General
Manager (Telegraph Services) Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL) Corporate office,
New Delhi, the telegraph service is to be discontinued with effect from July
15, 2013.
iv. The circular sent to
various telecom district and circle offices as per the instruction of a
competent authority denotes that telegram services will be closed from 15 July
and as a result all telegraph offices under the management of BSNL will have to
stop booking telegrams from July 15.
v. The BSNL has
instructed that surplus telegraph staff members would be deployed to mobile
services, landline telephony, broadband services and shifting could take place
within the next 3 months.
Note: Faced with declining
revenues, the government had in May 2011, revised the telegram charges after a
gap of 60 years. The telegram charges for inland services was hiked to Rs.
27/50 from Rs. 3/50, 4/50 earlier. Two months ago, telegram services for
overseas communication was withdrawn by BSNL
3.   
World’s oldest ever man dies aged 116
i. The world’s
oldest person and the oldest man ever to have lived has died of natural causes
aged 116, officials in Japan said on Wednesday.
ii. Jiroemon
Kimura,
who was born in 1897, died in hospital early today morning “from
old age”, an official in Kyoto’s Kyotango city said in a statement.
iii. Kimura, who was from
Kyotango, was hospitalised in early May suffering from pneumonia. A few days
ago doctors noted that his condition was worsening.
iv. Kimura was
recognised by Guinness World Records as the world’s oldest living person in
December 2012, after a woman from the United States died at the age of 115.
v. However, he was well
off the all-time record set by French woman Jeanne Calment, who died in 1997 at
the age of 122, making her the longest living person in history.
vi. Encouraged by Kimura
and 94 other people in Kyotango who will this year be 100 years old or more,
the 60,000-strong city, together with 36 other municipalities, is planning to
launch a research project to examine their diets and find the secrets of their
longevity.
4.   
No cable TV after June 25 if CAF is not submitted: Trai
i. Cable TV subscribers in NCR will face disconnection of services if they
fail to submit the mandatory customer application form (CAF) giving personal
details and choice of channels by June 25.
ii, “If
a customer fails to submit his CAF to local cable TV operator or MSO
(multi-system operator) by June 25, his services will be terminated and will
not be resumed till the time form is submitted.
iii. Out of 2.8 million
set top boxes (STB) installed in the National Capital Region, only 20 per cent
subscribers have complied with the norms
iv. It’s the law. As of
November 1, (2012), if you are a customer, you have not filled up the form …
you are not entitled to service. He (MSO) has not terminated your signal
because out of kindness of his heart … it is because we have exercised some
amount of regulatory forbearance,” TRAI Chairman Rahul Khullar said.
v. Local cable TV
operator will have to collect and submit form to MSO who provides signal feed
to them.
vi. MSO are also mandated
to provide bill to their customers and charge as per the amount mentioned in
the bill.
5.    INDRA military exercise will take place in October
2013
i. Indo-Russian INDRA 2013 military exercise is scheduled to
take place in October 2013 at Mahajan
field firing
range of Rajasthan in India.
ii. There
will be a practice of joint planning and execution of anti-terrorist missions
and leading intelligence activities by the serviceman.
iii. In year 2012, The
Indo-Russian Joint Military Exercise 
Indra 2012 was held from August 7-16, at Burduny
training range in the Siberian republic of Buryatia in Russia and had involved
over 500 servicemen and 50 Russian combat vehicles.
iv. It is worth
mentioning here that that the two countries have already conducted six
Indra-series joint drills since 2003.
6.   
Indian Railways to start Mobile
Payment Ticketing Facility
i. Indian
Railways decided to start offering train tickets via mobile SMS. The services
of IRCTC, the subsidiary of Indian Railways will come into effect from July
2013.
ii. The service will be
made available to all mobile subscribers. Charge per SMS has been fixed at Rs
3, while payment gateway charges for tickets amounting up to Rs 5,000 and more
than Rs 5,000 have been fixed at Rs 5 and Rs10, respectively.
iii. To book a train,
the passenger will just have to send the information of travel as in train
number, destination and travel date to the IRCTC after which a transaction ID
will be received by the sender on his mobile.
iv. Then he will have to
send another SMS with message PAY followed by the ID, MMID received from the
bank and the password.
v. The launch of the
SMS-based ticket booking system is being considered as a move to make the most
of the fast expanding mobile phone market in India.
7.   
Mumbai to host non-fiction book festival
i. Focussing on genres
like business, management, leadership, health, fitness, politics, media and
cinema, India’s first non-fiction festival will be held in Mumbai June 21 to 23.
ii. The three-day
festival, India Non-Fiction Festival (INFF), is centred on the theme “Be Bold, Stay Real”, and
will see panel discussions, conversations with authors, book launches, and book
signing sessions to engage book lovers thoroughly at the Nehru Centre in Worli.
iii. This
festival, with a unique focus on non-fiction, is a welcome initiative that
would promote non-fiction authors and their ideas in India.
iv. This will give
readers an opportunity to listen to, learn and engage with top Indian and
international minds,” said Vinay Hebbar, managing director India, Havard
Business School Publishing.
v. Apart from these
activities, the maiden non-fiction book festival will also act as a platform to
create awareness and have discussions on subjects like Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals,
Transgenders (LGBT) in society and promoting philanthropy.
8.   
India enter semis of Champions Trophy
i. India stormed into the semi-final of the ICC Champions Trophy tournament
with a resounding eight-wicket victory over West Indies, riding on Shikhar
Dhawan’s second consecutive ODI century.
ii. The Indians first
restricted the West Indies to 233 for nine as Ravindra Jadeja (5/36) ripped
through the middle-order as Dhawan yet again took centrestage with dazzling
strokeplay to give India its second win in as many matches in group B.
iii. The stylish
left-hander yet again sizzled at the Oval as his unbeaten knock of 102 helped
the ‘Men In Blue’ chase down a target with 65 balls to spare. Dhawan smashed 10
fours and a six in the process.
iv. India thus made it to
the last four of the Champions Trophy after a gap of 11 years with the last
time being way back in 2002.
v. India
will now play Pakistan in Birmingham on June 15.
9.   
China launches Fifth manned space mission
i. China, on Tuesday successfully launched its fifth and longest space
mission, ‘Shenzhou-10’ with three astronauts including a woman on board.
ii. As part of efforts to
build a permanent space lab of its own by 2020, the Shenzhou-10 spaceship
carrying three astronauts blasted off from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre
in Gansu.
iii. The event which was
telecast live was attended by President Xi Jinping.
iv. Set on a 15 day
long mission, the spaceship will dock with Tiangong-1 space lab orbiting the
Earth and will also be conducting a series of experiments.
v. Currently, US and
Russia are the two nations to send independently maintained space stations into
orbit.
vi. This is China’s
fifth manned mission and would last a fortnight compared to last year’s 13 days.
10. 
Andaman
system can give tsunami alert in 3 mins after quake
i. The Early Tsunami Warning System installed at Rangachang
in Andaman and Nicobar Islands can predict a tsunami immediately after an
earthquake.
ii. Chief Scientist of the National
Institute of Ocean Technology Vinith Kumar said that the system can predict
tsunami within 3 minutes after the occurrence of the initial tremors and send
alerts.
iii. After that, tsunami alerts would be
issued to the risk zones by the Centre in consultation with Indian National
Centre for Ocean Information Services, INCOIS at Hyderabad.