DAILY GK UPDATE – 13-14th July

1.   
Germany lift FIFA World Cup 2014 title
i. Germany’s Mario Götze kicks in second half of extra
time to win 1-0 against Argentina in final of the FIFA World Cup 2014. 

ii. Germany is the first side from Europe to win a World Cup in
the Americas, determined that a golden generation will finally get its reward
after a string of near-misses. 

iii. Messi
was declared as the Player of the tournament and awarded Golden Ball. 

iv. Germany
won their fourth World Cup after a 24-year wait. Incidentally, this is the
first World Cup for unified Germany, the previous three having been won by West
Germany in 1954, 1974 and 1990. 

v. Lionel
Messi, arguably the best player on the planet, was denied a fairytale end to
his third World Cup campaign and a chance to match the heroics of countryman
Diego Maradona. 
vi. Argentina in 1986, had gone home from Mexico with the World Cup and
the legend of Maradona’s hand of god. On Sunday evening they went back just
with the aching pain of letting the Cup slip away from their grasp and the
tragic tale of Higuain’s feet of clay. 
2.    Shankar Aggarwal is new Urban Development Secretary
i. The Government appointed 1980 batch IAS officer Shankar
Aggarwal Secretary in the Ministry of Urban Development on Monday.
ii. The Uttar Pradesh cadre officer, Aggarwal was previously
the Secretary, Union Ministry of Women & Child Development.
iii. In his 35 years of service, he has held several
positions in the Governments of Uttar Pradesh and India, dealing with housing
and urban development, IT, finance, energy, technical education, small-scale
industries, transport and defence.
iv. Aggarwal has a Bachelor of Engineering degree from IIT
Roorkie and a Masters in Technology (Computer Technology) from IIT Delhi.
3.    New governors appointed for five states
i. New governors have been appointed in
Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Gujarat and Nagaland. 
1. Ram Naik will be the new Governor of
Uttar Pradesh
2. Balramji Dass Tandon, the Governor of Chhattisgarh. 
3. Keshari Nath Tripathi, former UP
Assembly speaker, has been appointed as the Governor of West Bengal
4. Om Prakash Kohli, former Delhi BJP chief, will be the
new Governor of Gujarat. 
5. Padmanabha Balakrishna
Acharya has been appointed as Nagaland Governor.
Note: The President has accepted the
resignation of Vakkom Purushothaman, as Governor of Tripura and given
additional charge to Mr. Acharya. 
4.    Electric bus pilot project to be launched in Gujarat
i. As part of efforts to ensure a cleaner
and greener environment, the Gujarat Government will soon introduce a pilot
project to run ‘electric buses’ for public transport between the state capital
Gandhinagar and Ahmedabad.
ii. Moving ahead, the state-run Gujarat Power
Corporation Ltd (GPCL) has invited expression of interest from the potential
companies interested in the project which has been flashed on its official Web
site.
iii. “GPCL is all set to introduce an
‘e-vehicle’ project on pilot basis for the public transportation purpose, under
which 15-20 E-buses will be included in the initial phase,” said a state
government official associated with the project.
iv. The
project is to be launched to reduce the carbon emission and to create an
ecological equilibrium by using non-traditional fuel like electricity,” the
officer said.
5.   
India,
Sri Lanka sign MoU to set up Engg, Agri faculty for University of Jaffna
i. India today signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Sri
Lanka for setting up of a Faculty of Agriculture and a Faculty of Engineering
for the University of Jaffna at Kilinochchi.
ii. The MoU was signed by High
Commissioner of India, Mr. Y.K. Sinha, and the Secretary to the Ministry of
Higher Education, Dr. Sunil Jayantha Nawaratne, in the presence of Sri Lanka’s
Minister of Higher Education, S.B. Dissanayake in Colombo.
iii. India will set up the physical
infrastructure for the two Faculties, including construction of the buildings
and setting up of lecture halls, conference hall, computer laboratory, library,
administrative office, staff room and sports complex.
iv. India will also train the teaching
staff of the two faculties at prestigious Indian colleges. The estimated cost
of 30 crore rupees for the project will be given by India through grant
assistance.
v. The project will directly benefit the
students in the war torn northern region of Sri Lanka and help develop the
region as a whole through capacity building. 
6.   
Govt slaps USD 579 mn additional penalty on RIL
i. The government has slapped an additional penalty of
USD 579 million on Reliance Industries for producing less than targeted natural
gas from its KG-D6 block, Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said.
ii. With this, the
total penalty on RIL for missing the target in four fiscal years beginning 1st
April 2010 now stands at a cumulative USD 2.376 billion, the Minister informed
the Lok Sabha on Monday. 

iii. The
penalty is in the form of disallowing costs incurred. The Production Sharing
Contract (PSC) allows RIL and its partners BP Plc and Niko Resources to deduct
all capital and operating expenses from the sale of gas before sharing profit
with the government. 

iv. Disallowing
costs will result in government’s profit share rising by USD 195 million from
2010-11 to 2013-14, he said. 
v. The government had previously issued a notice to RIL
disallowing a total of USD 1.797 billion in costs for falling short of
production during 2010-11 (USD 457 million), 2011-12 (USD 548 million) and
2012-13 (USD 792 million). 
vi. The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has also raised a
claim of additional profit petroleum to the tune of USD 115 million to be paid
by the contractor, on account of disallowance of cumulative contract costs of
USD 1.797 billion, till 2012-13,” he said. 
7.    Coimbatore to host farm trade fair Agri Intex 2014
i. The 14th edition of Agri Intex 2014, an agricultural
trade fair, is scheduled between July 18 and 21 at the Codissia Trade Fair
complex here.
ii. The event, which is aimed at transforming Indian
agriculture, is being jointly organised by the small industries association
Codissia and the State farm university.
iii. Over 235 exhibitors have registered for participation,
including exhibitors from Italy, Israel, Japan, China and Germany.
8.   
Jayawardene
announces retirement from Test Cricket
i. Former Sri Lanka Skipper Mahela Jayawardene has announced
his retirement from Test Cricket following the home series against South Africa
and Pakistan this year.
ii. Sri Lanka Cricket Board said that
Jayawardene, 37, has written a letter to the Chief Executive Officer Ashley De
Silva, announcing his wish to retire from the longest version of the game.

iii. The veteran batsman will play
two Tests against South Africa on 16th and 24th of this month, followed by a
two-match series against Pakistan next month.
iv. Jayawardene, who made his Test
debut against India in 1997, played 145 Tests scoring 11,493 runs with 33
centuries and 48 fifties.
9.   
Inflation
falls to 5.43% in June
i. Inflation dipped to 5.43 per cent in June mainly on
account of decline in prices of food items and vegetables with the exception of
potato and onion after rising to a five-month high in May. It was at 5.16 per
cent a year ago in June 2013.

ii. As per the Wholesale Price
Index, WPI, inflation, prices of vegetables as a category declined by 5.89 per
cent during the month, while that of potato and onion soared by 42.51 per cent
and 10.70 per cent respectively in the wholesale market.
iii. Inflation had soared to a five-month
high of 6.01 per cent in May 2014. Among other important items, prices of sugar
and edible oils fell by 2.09 per cent and 0.75 per cent respectively during
June. 
10.  Indo-Russian joint venture working on BrahMos-Mini
missile
i. Indo-Russian joint venture firm BrahMos Aerospace today
said it is developing a smaller version of the 290-km supersonic cruise missile
for enabling its deployment on submarines and smaller fighter aircraft such as
MiG 29K.
ii. Addressing a gathering while launching his book The Path
Unexplored
, BrahMos Aerospace chief A Sivathanu Pillai said the firm was
preparing for the test-firing of the air-launched version of the missile by the
end of this year.
iii. “The BrahMos-Mini would be developed by reducing the
size of the booster and the engine and reducing its weight. The missile would
then be ready for deployment on submarines and smaller fighter aircraft,” he
said.
11. 
The Netherlands blank Brazil 3-0 in play-off
i. Brazil lost its face, its pride one more time in the
space of four days after the Netherlands embarrassed the hosts 3-0 in the
third-place play-off match of the World Cup, as boos and jeers from the fans
dressed in canary yellow reverberated across the Estadio Nacional in Brasilia.
ii. Coming off the
devastating 7-1 hammering to Germany in the semifinals, the humiliation for the
hosts was complete on the eve of the grand finale.

iii. Captain
Robin van Persie (3rd minute), Daley Blind (17th) and Georginio Wijnaldum
(90+1) found the target for the Netherlands, the result only adding to the
already gloomy mood of thousands of home fans as they left the stadium deeply
dejected.

iv. Van
Persie started the scoring for the Netherlands after he converted from the spot
barely few minutes into the game.
v. Arjen Robben was
the one credited with getting the Netherlands the penalty after he was pulled
by host skipper Thiago Silva, who returned after missing the German massacre
due to double bookings.
12. 
Dilip Kumar’s ancestral home in Pak declared national
heritage
i. Legendary actor Dilip Kumar’s ancestral home has
been declared as a national heritage and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has
ordered authorities to acquire the dilapidated property, a move he hopes would
bring Pakistan and India closer. 
ii. Sharif has already approved an order in this regard and
sent it to Information Ministry, which has forwarded it to director general
Pakistan National Council of Arts (PNCA) for implementation, an official
statement said.

iii. After
acquiring Kumar’s home the government is planning to convert it into a museum.
Kumar’s 130 square metre home is located in Peshawar’s famous Qisa Khawani
Bazaar area and is in a shabby condition.

iv. Acting
Director General PNCA Mashood Mirza confirmed that the council has received the
order from Information Ministry with the instruction to implement it as soon as
possible.