DAILY GK UPDATE – 15th July

1.   
President presents Gandhi Peace Prize 2013
i. Environmentalist and social activist Chandi
Prasad Bhatt has been awarded the prestigious Gandhi Peace prize for 2013.

ii. President
Pranab Mukherjee presented the award to him at a function in Rashtrapati Bhavan
on Tuesday. 

ii. The
annual award was instituted by the government in 1995 on the occasion of the
125th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. It carries a plaque, citation and a
cash prize of one crore rupees. 

iii. Speaking
on the occasion, Mukherjee said that as a true Gandhian, 80-year-old Bhatt
realized aspirations of people and dedicated himself to improving lives of
villagers. 
iv. The
Gandhi Peace Prize is given to individuals and institutions for their
contributions towards social, economic and political transformation through
non-violence and other Gandhian methods. 
2.   
India largest consumer of antibiotics in the world 
i. India has emerged as the world’s largest
consumer of antibiotics followed by China and the US, according to a new study
which quantifies the growing alarm surrounding antibiotic-resistance. 
ii. Global use of antibiotics is surging,
according to Princeton University researchers who have conducted a broad
assessment of antibiotic consumption around the world. 

iii. The
study, “Global Trends in Antibiotic Consumption, 2000-2010,” found
that worldwide antibiotic use has risen a staggering 36 per cent over those 10
years, with five countries Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa
(BRICS) – responsible for more than three-quarters of that surge. 

iv. Among
the 16 groups of antibiotics studied, cephalosporins, broad-spectrum
penicillins and fluoroquinolones accounted for more than half of that increase,
with consumption rising 55 per cent from 2000 to 2010. 

v. The
study quantifies the growing alarm surrounding antibiotic-resistant pathogens,
and a loss of efficacy among antibiotics used to combat the most common
illnesses. 
3.    BRICS nations commit to
refrain from taking protectionist measures
i. BRICS nations, including India, today expressed commitment to
refrain from taking any protectionist measures and improve policy coordination
to enhance trade and investment.
ii. “They (BRICS trade
ministers) reaffirmed their commitment to refrain from trade protectionist
measures that are incompatible with WTO obligations, while respecting the
special and differential treatment for developing countries,” said a joint
communique on the eve of the sixth BRICS Summit.
iii. Commerce and Industry Minister
Nirmala Sitharaman, who is accompanying Prime Minister Narendra Modi, attended
the meeting of Trade Ministers of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South
Africa).
iv. The ministers also
expressed concern over the slow pace of global economic recovery and stressed
that “the uncertainty regarding economic growth and policy responses in
developed countries could lead to increased volatility in financial markets and
further affect the international economy’’.
4.    UK’s Foreign Secretary William
Hague resigns
i. Britain’s Foreign secretary William
Hague has resigned as part of an anticipated reshuffle of the Conservative-led
Government ahead of a general election next year.
ii. “Tonight I am standing
down as Foreign Secretary after four years to serve as Leader of the House of
Commons,” Hague wrote on Twitter last night, adding that he would not stand as
a member of parliament in the next UK general election.
iii. Hague, who will remain in
the cabinet as Leader of the House of Commons, said “Renewal in politics is
good and holding office is not an end in itself”.
5.    South Africa’s Nobel-winning
novelist Nadine Gordimer dies
i. South African Nobel
Prize-winning writer and anti-apartheid activist Nadine Gordimer, who became an
icon through her unique insights into the country’s social agonies, has died at
the age of 90.
ii. Through 15 novels, several
volumes of short stories, non-fiction and other works published in 40 languages
around the world, Gordimer eviscerated white-minority rule under the apartheid
system and its aftershocks once democracy had been achieved in 1994.
iii. The writer, who was
awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1991, died peacefully in her sleep at
her home in Johannesburg yesterday, her family said.
6.    Durand Cup football tournament
to be held in Goa in October
i. The third oldest football tournament
in the world, Durand Cup, will be held in Goa between October 28 and November 9
this year.
ii. A host of top clubs and
military football teams will participate in the tournament. Durand Cup was
first held in the year 1888.
iii. The tournament will be
conducted in two phases. The first phase would be a qualifier phase in which 12
to 16 teams would be grouped into pools. Top two teams from the qualifier phase
would participate in the main tournament.
7.   
Visakhapatnam to be IT capital of AP, says Minister
i. Visakhapatnam will be made the IT capital of Andhra Pradesh because of
its immense potential, Minister for Information Technology Palle Raghunadha
Reddy said here on Tuesday.
ii. The
State Government would be announcing the new IT policy in 10 days. A single
window clearance for investments would be set up in the State as part of the
policy to promote IT industry.
iii. Three IT majors are
seeking land in Visakhapatnam, he said while interacting with the
technocrats. 
iv. The Government would take
up the development of IT Investment Region in Visakhapatnam.
8.    Typhoon Rammasun hits
Philippines; to toss monsoon ‘low’ into Bay
i. Northwest Pacific typhoon
Rammasun has barrelled into the Philippines this noon as a category-2 storm on
the five-step Saffir-Simpson scale of storm intensity.
ii. Rammasun is far from being
finished as normally happens with a storm on making landfall; instead it will
enter South China Sea and churn up into a stronger category-3 typhoon.
9.   
Brazil
coach Luiz Felipe Scolari resigns
i. Brazil coach Luiz Felipe Scolari has
resigned. The country’s football federation has confirmed the news.
ii. Scolari, 65, was appointed the
coach of the team in 2012. Brazil finished fourth at this year’s FIFA World
Cup.