DAILY GK UPDATE 30TH JUNE

1.   Justice P Sathasivam
to be new CJI
i. Justice
P Sathasivam, the seniormost judge of the Supreme Court, will be the next Chief
Justice of India (CJI).

ii. Justice Sathasivam
(64) will take over as the 40th CJI after the expiry of present CJI Altamas
Kabir’s over nine-month tenure on July 19.
iii. President Pranab
Mukherjee has given his nod for the appointment of Justice Sathasivam as the
next CJI. He will function as the CJI till April 26, 2014.
iv. Born on April 27,
1949, Justice Sathasivam was enrolled as an advocate on July 25, 1973 at Madras
and practised in all types of writs, civil and criminal matters, company
petitions, insolvency petitions and habeas corpus petitions.
v. He also worked as
government advocate, additional government pleader, and special government
pleader in the Madras High Court and as a legal adviser.
He was
appointed as a Supreme Court judge on August 21, 2007.
vi. Sathasivam would
become the first judge from Tamil Nadu to become the Chief Justice of India.
vii. Though Justice
Pathanjali Sasthri became the Chief Justice of India from the combined Madras
Province which comprised Tamil Nadu, parts of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and
Kerala, he was a native of Nellore in Andhra Pradesh.
2.   
CPI becomes first party to respond to RTI application
i. CPI has become the first political outfit to respond to an RTI
application after a CIC order declared parties as public authorities but
underlined that it does not come under the transparency law.
ii. Responding to an RTI
application, Communist Party of India has said it supplies information to I-T
authorities and the Election Commission on regular basis and stands for
“transparency of income and sources of income” and added that it has
not appointed any Public Information Officer so far.
iii. “According
to our understanding, we are not yet part of Information Act. However, we reply
to your queries,” party General Secretary Sudhakar Reddy said.
iv. In response to applicant S C Agrawal’s
query, CPI said it stands for transparency in income of political parties and
supplied such information to CIC also.
v. “As for
internal decisions, we are not prepared to share with outsiders. We feel it is
degrading for political parties to declare that they function with financial
help from government. It is an insult to parties and democracy. This is not a
baseless apprehension. You have your opinion. We have our opinion. Let us agree
to disagree,” it said.
vi. Acting on a petition
of Association of Democratic Reforms, CIC had declared six political parties —
Congress, BJP, NCP, BSP, CPI and CPI-M as public authorities under the RTI Act.
3.   
Indian Railways Revises Ticket Refund
Rules
i. The Ministry of
Railways revised and amended ticket
refund rules on Tuesday, which will be effective from 1 July.
ii. Accordingly,
passengers need to cancel their confirmed tickets 48 hours ahead of the journey instead of the existing 24 hours to
get maximum refund on the travel charges.
iii. “Railway
Passengers (Cancellation of ticket and Refund of
fare ) Rules, 1998 have
not been substantially revised in the last 15 years during which period a large
number of changes have taken place in the ticketing  system of Indian
Railways,” the ministry said in a statement.
iv. According to the
revised rules, if a confirmed ticket is cancelled between 48 hours and upto six hours before the departure of the train as
against the existing 24 hours and upto four hours, passengers will get a refund
with cancellation charges of 25 percent
of the fare
.
v. If the ticket is cancelled within six hours before the scheduled
departure of the train and upto two hours after the actual departure of the
train, the cancellation charge will be 50
percent of the fare subject
to a minimum charge.
vi. The ministry decided
to revise the rules in an attempt to prevent booking agents from selling
tickets  at higher prices as well as to give more time for waitlisted
passengers to decide about taking their trip,
vii. Existing rules allowed passengers to cancel
tickets up to three hours for a distance of 200 km, upto six hours for a
distance covered between 200-500 km and upto 12 hours for a distance of 500 km
and above after the actual departure of the train.
viii. The revised rules
clearly state that if a reserved ticket is surrendered for cancellation after two hours of the actual departure of
the train
, the railways will not
grant any refunds.
ix. Waitlisted/RAC
tickets have cancelled upto three hours after the actual departure of the train
irrespective of the distance, according to the new rules. Passengers will get
the refund of fare after a deduction of the clerkage of RS30.
x. If passengers
holding reserved, RAC and waitlisted tickets do not undertake the journey due
to delay by more than three hours of the scheduled departure from the station,
they will be awarded full refund without any deduction of cancellation charges
or clerkage on condition that they surrender the ticket upto the actual
departure of the train.
4.   
ICC to hold its 1st World Test Ch’ship in Eng in 2017
i. The ICC announced its much awaited World Test Championship which will
have its inaugural edition in England during the month of June and July in the
year 2017 while the second edition will be held in India in 2021.
ii. “The IDI Board
confirmed that the ICC World Test Championship will be staged in 2017 and
England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) will host the inaugural event in
June/July 2017, while the second edition will be held in India in
February/March 2021.”
iii. In order to ensure
that all ODIs played over the four-year cycle between ICC Cricket World Cups
count towards a team’s ranking, the ICC Board agreed to change the ODI rankings
period from three years to four years.
5.   
India to host World T20 Cup in 2016, World Test Ch’ship in
2021
i. In a triple bonanza for India, it will host the World T20 Cup
competition in 2016
and World Test Championship 2021, both for the
first time, and the 50-over World Cup for the fourth time in 2023, the
International Cricket Council (ICC) announced in London on Saturday.
ii. The three
competitions were allotted to India by ICC at its annual conference which
finalized its global events from 2015 to 2023.
iii. According to an ICC
media release, the first edition of the World
Test Championship will be staged in 2017 by England and Wales Cricket Board
(ECB)
in June-July 2017 while the second edition will be held in India in
February-March 2021.
iv. The ECB will also
host the 2019 World Cup and Cricket
Australia (CA) got the right to host the 2020
World Twenty20
.
v. The ICC Board
supported the strategy of ensuring an optimum balance between the three formats
of the game– especially Test cricket – and approved the recommendation that
the full member-countries should play a minimum of 16 Tests in each four-year
cycle.
vi. In order to ensure
that all ODIs played over the four-year cycle between ICC Cricket World Cups
count towards a team’s ranking, the ICC Board agreed to change the ODI rankings
period from three years to four years.
6.   
West Indies to stage
Women’s 2018 World T20
i. The West Indies will
host the International Cricket Council (ICC) 
Women’s World Twenty20 in 2018 and the Under-19
Cricket World Cup in 2022.
ii. These were among the
various decisions taken at the conclusion of the 
ICC Annual
Conference on Saturday
.
iii. In addition to this,
between 2015 and 2023, the ICC will stage 18 events, including two ICC Cricket
World Cup Tournaments, two ICC World Test Championships, two ICC World Twenty20
events, three ICC Women’s World Cups, three ICC Under-19 Cricket World Cups,
two ICC Women’s World Twenty20 and four qualifying tournaments.
iv. “Now that the
ICC World Test Championship has been confirmed, we’ll work on the playing
conditions and qualification criteria, and will submit these to the ICC Board
for approval in due course.”
7.    ICC granted Associate Membership to Afghanistan
i. Afghanistan
was granted the Associate membership of the ICC, making it the eighth Asian
nation and the 38th overall to get the status.
ii. Looking at the
immense progress shown by Afghanistan, the ACC (Asian Cricket Council) had last
year sent the nomination request in 2012 and the decision to grant Afghanistan
the status was taken by the ICC at its ongoing annual conference, which
concluded in London on 29 June 2013.
iii. Afghanistan now join
Hong Kong (1969), Kuwait (2005), Malaysia (1967), Nepal (1996), Singapore
(1974), Thailand (2005) and UAE (1990) as ICC Associates from the Asian region.
iv. The new Associate
membership will help Afghanistan get more funds from the ICC and also give
much-needed exposure to the team.
v. The ICC is now
likely to pay Afghanistan 850000 US
dollars
based on the Associate status, instead of 700000 US dollars as the
annual fund.
8.   
Taj Mahal ranked third among top
landmarks in the world
i. Travellers from
across the globe have ranked India’s 
Taj Mahal among the top three landmarks in the
world, a leading travel website has announced. 
ii. According to
TripAdvisor’s 2013 Travellers Choice Attractions Awards, Taj Mahal was ranked
third in the list of Top 25 landmarks. 
iii. The top two places were taken by Machu Picchu Peru
and Angkor Wat in Cambodia respectively. 
iv. “The winners of
Travelers’ Choice Attractions awards were determined based on the quality and
quantity of traveler reviews of attractions
.
v. Taj Mahal, listed
among the new seven wonders of the world, is renowned the world over for its
architecture and aesthetic beauty. 
v. Built by Mughal emperor
Shah Jahan in memory of his late wife Mumtaz Mahal, the white marble mausoleum in the northern
Indian city of Agra is also a symbol of enduring love. 
v. In
1983, it became a 
Unesco World
Heritage Site. The Taj Mahal attracts 2-4 million visitors annually, with more
than 200,000 from overseas. 
vi. It shares the latest honour alongside Petra World Heritage Site in Jordan and Bayon Temple in Cambodia,
which are ranked fourth and fifth respectively in the list of 25 top landmarks
in the world.
9.   
Healthcare economist Dr Hariawala
crowned with prestigious award
i. Healthcare Economist Dr Mukesh
Hariawala was recently conferred the prestigious ‘Indian Healthcare Visionary of the Decade’ award at a glittering
ceremony of the 4th Annual Business Leadership Conclave at Hotel Leela in
Mumbai.
ii. Dr Hariawala delivered a
spirited keynote lecture to a packed audience where he convincingly laid out a
100 Billion Dollar Medical Tourism opportunity for India as a byproduct of US
President Barack Obama’s new Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act which
unofficially is also termed ‘Obamacare’.
iii. This new law signed in 2010 would
change the ecosystem in the US, moving gradually from the existing capitalistic
high quality healthcare with no Waiting Periods to a socialized government
controlled form of healthcare as prevalent in the UK and Canada.
iv. Unveiling a unique and novel
customized universal health insurance model for all 1.2 billion Indians calling
it ‘Womb to Tomb’, this concept was
greeted with positive responses from the business leadership community
particularly, as it would not only cover all Indians but also bring in FDI
investment funds from US insurance giants who could establish partnership
models with current Indian health insurance companies.

v. Also felicitated with
other prestigious awards were industrialists Ratan Tata , Transformational
Leader of the Decade and Mukesh Ambani  who is the Millennium Business
Leader of the Decade.