(1 – 5): The bar graph given below shows the foreign
exchange reserves of a country (in million US $) from 1991-92 to 1998-99.
Answer the questions based on graph.
1997-98 was how many times that in 1994-95
the foreign exchange reserves in 1997-98 over 1993-94 ?
of foreign exchange reserves over the previous year is the highest ?
1996-97 were approximately what percent of the average foreign exchange
reserves over the period under review ?
which the foreign exchange reserves are above the average reserves, to those in
which the reserves are below the average is:
( 6 – 10) : The
following pie-chart shows the sources of funds (in crores) to be collected by a
company. Study the pie-chart and answers the question that follow.
If company could receive a total of
Rs. 9695 crores as External Assistance, by what percent (approximately) should
it increase the Market Borrowing to arrange for the shortage of funds?
arranged through ?
Market Borrowing is ?
an outsourced agency by allowing a maximum 10% commission, how much amount
should be permitted to be collected by the outsourced agency, so that the
project is supported with Rs. 4,910 crores?
be arranged through Toll and that through Market Borrowing is ?
exchange reserve in 1997-98 = 5040 million US $
exchange reserve in 1993-94 = 2520 million US $
= 5040 – 2520 = 2520 million US $
X 100 = 100%
put a clever eye on the chart, just calculate for those years which are
actually having increase if we compare to previous year.
years are 1992-93, 1994-95, 1996-97, 1997-98
calculate the percentage increase of these years compared to previous years:
the average of these 8 years.
= 3480 million US $
exchange reserves in 1996-97 = 4320 million US $
Percentage = [)]%
foreign exchange reserves over the given period is = 3480 million US $
country had reserves above 3480 million US $ during the years 1992-93, 1996-97
and 1997-98. So three years’ was above the average and for rest of five years
it was below the average
So required ratio is
= Rs. 1791 crores
Increase in requirement of market borrowing is 1791 crore
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Now, 1791 crore is what percent of Market Borrowing
funds are = 29952+11486+5252+4910+6000
= 57600 crore
Now 20% of 57600 = 20/100 * 576000
= 11520 crore
Which is approximately equal to External Assistance
(Funds required from toll) + (10% of these funds)
= 4910 + 10% of
= 4910 +
= 4910 + 491
= 5401 crore