Data Interpretation For SBI PO – 2014

 Directions:
(1 – 5):
 The bar graph given below shows the foreign
exchange reserves of a country (in million US $) from 1991-92 to 1998-99.
Answer the questions based on graph.

1.    The foreign exchange reserves in
1997-98 was how many times that in 1994-95
(1) 1.5                    (2) 2
(3) 3.5                    (4) 2.6
(5) None of these
2.    What was the percentage increase in
the foreign exchange reserves in 1997-98 over 1993-94 ?
(1) 80%                 (2) 90%
(3) 100%               (4) 110%
(5) None of these

3.    For which year, the percent increase
of foreign exchange reserves over the previous year is the highest ?
(1) 1994-95
(2) 1995-96
(3) 1998 – 99
(4) 1992-93
(5) None of these

4.    The foreign exchange reserves in
1996-97 were approximately what percent of the average foreign exchange
reserves over the period under review ?
(1) 80%
(2) 100%
(3)  125%
(4)  130%
(5) None of these

5.    The ratio of the number of years, in
which the foreign exchange reserves are above the average reserves, to those in
which the reserves are below the average is:
(1) 3:5
(2) 2 :3
(3) 4 : 7
(4) 3: 7
(5) None of these
Directions
( 6 – 10) :
The
following pie-chart shows the sources of funds (in crores) to be collected by a
company. Study the pie-chart and answers the question that follow.
6.   
If company could receive a total of
Rs. 9695 crores as External Assistance, by what percent (approximately) should
it increase the Market Borrowing to arrange for the shortage of funds?
(1) 4 %                 
(2) 6%
(3) 8%                  
(4) 10%
(5) None of these

7.    Near about 20% of the funds are to be
arranged through ?
(1) SPVS              
(2) Annuity
(3) External Assistance
(4) Market borrowing
(5) None of these

8.    The central angle corresponding to
Market Borrowing is ?
(1) 187.2 degree
(2) 183.2 
degree
(3) 181.2 degree
(4) 180.2 degree
(5) None
of these

9.    If the toll is to be collected through
an outsourced agency by allowing a maximum 10% commission, how much amount
should be permitted to be collected by the outsourced agency, so that the
project is supported with Rs. 4,910 crores?
(1) Rs. 5401 crore
(2) Rs. 5301 crore
(3) Rs. 5201 crore
(4) Rs. 5101 crore
(5) None of these

10.  The approximate ratio of the funds to
be arranged through Toll and that through Market Borrowing is ?
(1) 1 : 6                 
(2) 2 : 5
(3) 3 : 7                 
(4) 6 : 7
(5) None of these

ANSWERS WITH Explanation:
1.    Explanation
Required
Ratio 
= 5040/3360
=
1.5

2.    Explanation:
Foreign
exchange reserve in 1997-98 = 5040 million US $
Foreign
exchange reserve in 1993-94 = 2520 million US $
Increase
= 5040 – 2520 = 2520 million US $
Percentage
Increase =
[(2520)/(2520)]
X 100
  = 100%

3.    Explanation Before solving this,
put a clever eye on the chart, just calculate for those years which are
actually having increase if we compare to previous year.
These
years are 1992-93, 1994-95, 1996-97, 1997-98
So lets
calculate the percentage increase of these years compared to previous years:
i. For year
1992-93 =
[(37202640)/(2640)]
100 = 40.91%
ii. For year
1994-95 =
[(336025200)]/(2520)
100 = 33.33%
iii. For year 1996-97 =[(4320−3120)/(3120)]100
=38.46 %
Iv. For year 1997-98 =([50404320)/(4320)]100=16.67%
4.    Explanation
First get
the average of these 8 years.


which is,
1/8(2640+3720+2520+3360+3120+4320+5040+3120)


= 3480 million US $
Foreign
exchange reserves in 1996-97 = 4320 million US $
Required
Percentage =
[(4320/3480)]100)%=125%

5.    Explanation
Average
foreign exchange reserves over the given period is = 3480 million US $
The
country had reserves above 3480 million US $ during the years 1992-93, 1996-97
and 1997-98. So three years’ was above the average and for rest of five years
it was below the average


So required ratio is

3:5

6.    Explanation:
New funds = 11486 – 9695
= Rs. 1791 crores
Increase in requirement of market borrowing is 1791 crore

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Now, 1791 crore is what percent of Market Borrowing

=[(1791)/(29952)]100%=5.98%=6% (approx)

7.   
Explanation:
Total
funds are = 29952+11486+5252+4910+6000

= 57600 crore

Now 20% of 57600 = 20/100 * 576000

= 11520 crore

Which is approximately equal to External Assistance

8.    Explanation:
Central angle corresponding to
Market Borrowing
[(29952/57600)]360=187.2 degree

9.    Amount required =
(Funds required from toll) + (10% of these funds)


= 4910 + 10% of
(4910)


= 4910 +
(10/100)*4910


= 4910 + 491

= 5401 crore 

10.  Explanation:
Required Ratio=4910/29952=1/6.1=1:6