(1-3): Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow based
on the information given in the passage.
Florentine textile industry, women were employed primarily in low-paying,
low-skill jobs. To explain this segregation of labor by gender, economists have
relied on the useful theory of human capital. According to this theory,
investment in human capital – the acquisition of difficult job – related skills
– generally benefits individuals by making them eligible to engage in well-paid
occupations. Women’s role as child bearers, however, results in interruptions
in their participation in the job market (as compared with men’s) and thus
reduces their opportunities to acquire training for highly skilled work. In
addition, the human capital theory explains why there was high concentration of
women workers in certain low-skill jobs, such as weaving, but not in others,
such as combing or carding, by positing that because of their primary
responsibility in child rearing women took occupations that could be carried
out in the home.
however, differences in pay scales that cannot be explained by the human
capital theory. For example, male construction workers were paid significantly
higher wages than female taffeta weavers. The wage difference between these two
low-skill occupations stems from the segregation of labor by gender: because a
limited number of occupations were open to women, there was a large supply of
workers in their fields, and this “overcrowding” resulted in women receiving
lower wages and men receiving higher wages.
weaving in that combing and carding were
low-skill jobs performed primarily by women employees
low-skill jobs that were not performed in the home
low-skill jobs performed by both male and female employees
high-skill jobs performed outside the home
high-skill jobs performed by both male and female employees
the following, if true, would most weaken the explanation provided by the human
capital theory for women’s concentration in certain occupations in
were unlikely to work outside the home even in occupations whose hours were
flexible enough to allow women to accommodate domestic tasks as well as paid
were less likely to teach occupational skills to their daughters than they were
to their sons.
participation in the Florentine paid labor force grew steadily throughout the
sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
majority of female weavers in the Florentine wool industry had children.
women worked as weavers in the Florentine silk industry, which was devoted to
making cloths that required a high degree of skill to produce.
author of the passage would be most likely to describe the explanation provided
by human capital theory for the high concentration of women in certain
occupations in the seventeenth-century Florentine textile industry as
founded though incomplete
but poorly substantiated
to recent research
statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the
given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the
the earth healthy is as important as keeping it peaceful. Overexploitation of
its resources has already impaired the human existence on planet earth.
is doing its best to prevent a third World War.
of the so-called greenhouse gases has raised the Earth’s temperature to levels
that are already radically altering global climate pattern.
rise could cause the sea rise by several meters swallowing island countries.
year 2020, the European Union has promised to cut overall greenhouse gas
emissions by 20% over the 1990 levels.
modern era of globalization, information is power. IT has an enormous influence
on today’s global economy.
the great Industrial Revolution, it is the IT revolution that has swept the
primary and secondary sectors are more important than the tertiary sector.
services sector has emerged as one of the most important segments in the modern
Information such as sound, pictures and video can be quickly transmitted
through the internet.
water dispute between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu is not a new phenomenon. The
dispute first surfaced in 1910.
Cauvery is one of the sacred rivers of India.
Nadu feels its centuries old agricultural practices are not threatened by
developments upstream in Karnataka.
and negotiations have taken place but a solution has proved abortive.
river has its origin in Karnataka and hence the people of Karnataka feel the
river and its water is all theirs.
the World Cup is only weeks away, the contract dispute between the B.C.C.I. and
I.C.C. remains unresolved. The players signed the contract and at the same time
reportedly refused to accept two clauses.
President of B.C.C.I, seems well disposed for the matter to be settled by the
Court of Arbitration for Sports in Switzerland.
remains to be seen whether the I.C.C will be prepared to refer the dispute for
the dispute gets resolved or not, the world cup will be held as per schedule.
living knight of cricket will be present during the World Cup cricket match.
Hopefully the government will be able to reconcile conflicting commercial
interests and simultaneously uphold consumer’s interests.
India, for the newly opened telecom sector, technology has been the denominator
differentiating the various service providers. The cellular operators use the
global system for mobile communication (G.S.M.).
newer wireless in local loop (W.L.L.) use the codified division multiple access
is also stretching the scope and jurisdiction of the telecom regulator, (TRAI).
mobile tariffs in India have also become lowest in the world.
options are given, of which one word is most nearly the same or opposite in
meaning to the given word in the question. Find the correct option having
either same or opposite meaning.
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performed in the home
outside the home even in occupations whose hours were flexible enough to allow
women to accommodate domestic tasks as well as paid labor
doing its best to prevent a third World War.” Does not fit in the context of
and secondary sectors are more important than the tertiary sector.” Does not
fit in the context of the paragraph.
is one of the sacred rivers of India.” Does not fit in the context of the
living knight of cricket will be present during the World Cup cricket match.” Does
not fit in the context of the paragraph.
the government will be able to reconcile conflicting commercial interests and
simultaneously uphold consumer’s interests.” Does not fit in the context of the
obsequious way in order to gain advantage.
unaccountable changes of mood or behaviour.
their achievements or possessions.
importance, talent, or culture than is actually possessed.
argumentative, and uncooperative.