English Quiz For NIACL AO Mains
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Directions (1-5): Read the following passage and answer the following questions given below.
When the fresh air gets polluted by means of dust, toxic gases, smoke, motor vehicles, mills and factories, etc. called air pollution. (A) As we all know that fresh air is the most important element of a healthy life, we need to be think that what happens if whole atmospheric air gets dirty. First of all air pollution is the matter of great regret for the whole human fraternity. Some of the big reasons of the air pollution are use of poisonous fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides in the agricultural sectors by the innocent farmers in order to increase the crop production. Released chemicals and (B)------------------ gases (ammonia) from such fertilizers are getting mixed into the fresh air and causing air pollution.
Burning of fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum including other factory combustibles are the major causes of air pollution. Variety of smoke emissions from the automobiles such as cars, buses, motorcycles, trucks, jeeps, trains, aeroplanes, etc. are also causing air pollution. Increasing number of industries is causing release of (C)---------------- industrial smokes and harmful gases (like carbon monoxide, organic compounds, hydrocarbons, chemicals, etc.) from the factories and mills to the environment. Some indoor activities of the people like innocent use of cleaning products, washing powders, paints etc. emits various toxic chemicals to the air.
The ever increasing level of air pollution also enhances its negative and harmful effects to the health of living beings. (D) Air pollution is causing global warming to increase because of increasing atmospheric temperature due to the increasing level of green house gases. Such green house gases again causing green house effect and forcing sea levels to increase, glaciers to melt, weather to change, climate to change, etc. Increasing air pollution is causing many lethal diseases (cancer, heart attack, asthma, bronchitis, kidney diseases, etc.) and death to occur. Various important animals and plants species have been destroyed completely from this planet. Increasing level of harmful gases in the environment are causing the occurrence of acid rain and depleting the ozone layer.
Q1. In the passage given, a sentence (A) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
Q2. Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked as (B) in the above paragraph to make it grammatically correct and meaningful. Also, the word should fill in the two sentences given below to make them contextually correct and meaningful.
(i) Certain pesticides should be banned since they are ------------------------ to the environment.
(ii) Emissions coming from glues and dyes used to install carpeting are ---------------------------.
Q3. Which of the following words should fill the blank given in (C) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?
Q4. In the passage given, a sentence (D) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there in no error then choose option (e) as your answer.
Q5. Which of the following is SIMILAR in meaning to the word INNOCENT given in BOLD in the above passage?
Directions (6-10): Read each of the following sentences to find out if there is any grammatical error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of this part is your answer. If no such error is there, mark (e) as your answer.
Q6. Iran has concluded the formal celebrations (A)/of the 40th anniversary of the Islamic (B)/revolution at a time when the regime (C)/is inside serious global, regional and domestic pressure. (D)/
Q7. Scientists have identified a potential (A)/universal influenza vaccine (B)/that could protecting people (C)/against most strains of the virus. (D)/
Q8. Modern viral vaccines typically use (A)/lab-grown viral proteins too elicit (B)/an immune response that protects (C)/people against future exposures to a virus. (D)/
Q9. A lot of forests are at (A)/risk in Meghalaya because (B)/they are being converted into (C)/permanent open cultivation. (D)/
Q10. Scientists are trying (A)/to tracing the migration (B)/pattern of basking sharks (C)/with satellite trackers. (D)/
Directions (11-15): In each of the following sentences, there is a blank space. Below each such sentence, there are five options with one word each. Fill up the blank with the word that makes the sentence grammatically and contextually correct.
Q11. The get together effort of the human beings all over the world may help in --------------------------- the level of air pollution.
Q12. New Caledonian crows identify the best plants for --------------------------- hunting hooks from among myriad shrubs in the forest undergrowth, researchers said on Wednesday.
Q13. Each generation comes up with its set of ideas and opinions and ---------------------- towards the development of the society.
Q14. A nation that has energetic, curious and hard working youth and is able to provide them -------------- opportunity to work and grow builds a strong base for its own development.
Q15. Youth must play an active role in the growth and development of the country rather ------------- being at the receiving end.