Directions—(1 – 10 ) In the following passage there are blanks each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each five words are suggested one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.
Universalizing education (1)….. issues of both distributive justice and quality. While the former (2)…. taking education to marginalized communities, the latter asks, ‘what (3)… as meaningful education?’ Considering that inadequate education affects the disadvantaged groups more severely, it is a possibility that these groups will end up with restricted opportunities and (4)…. outcomes given the market-driven economy we live in. The RTE, therefore, entails the right to equitable quality education. It is with this aim that India (5)…. the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. While it is too early to pass a judgment on the success of this Act, the initial trends are somewhat disappointing. According to the 2011 Census, the average literacy rates of people aged above 15 among Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) are about 9 per cent and 17.4 per cent less than the (6)…. average, respectively. The female literacy rate is 19.5 per cent less than that of males. This difference (7)…. to 23 per cent and 23.5 per cent among the SCs and STs, respectively, indicating the double discrimination (8)… by Dalit and Adivasi women. The dropout rates among SCs and STs are significantly higher than the national average and more girls discontinue schooling than boys. Of course, there is a wide (9)… across States and the gap is wider in rural areas as compared to urban, but these statistics suggest significant inequalities in the (10)… distribution of educational opportunities.
e. none of these
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