English Quiz

Directions (1-10): Read the following
passage and answer the questions that follow:
Nature is like business. Business
sense dictates that we guard our capital and live from the interest. Nature’s
capital is the enormous diversity of living things. Without it, we cannot feed
ourselves, cure ourselves of illness or provide industry with the raw materials
of wealth creation. Professor Edward Wilson, of Harvard University says,
“The folly our descendants are least likely to forgive us is the ongoing
loss of genetic and species diversity. This will take millions of years to
correct.”
Only 150 plant species have ever
been widely cultivated. Yet over 75,000 edible plants are known in the wild. In
a hungry world, with a population growing by 90 million each year, so much wasted
potential is tragic. Medicines from the wild are worth around 40
billion dollars a year. Over 5000 species are known to yield chemical with
cancer fighting potential Scientists currently estimate that the total number
of species in the world is between 10-30 million with only around 1.4 million
identified.

The web of life is torn when
mankind exploits natural resources in short-sighted ways. The trade in tropical
hardwoods can destroy whole forests to extract just a few commercially
attractive specimens. Bad agricultural practice triggers 24
billion tonnes of top soil erosion a year losing the equivalent of 9 million
tonnes of grain output. Cutting this kind of unsuitable exploitation and
instituting “sustainable utilisation” will help turn the
environmental crisis around.

Q1. Why does the author compare
‘nature’ to business?
(a) Because of the capital
depletion in nature and business
(b) Because of the similarity with
which one should use both
(c) Because of the same interest
level yield
(d) Because of the diversity of
the various capital inputs
(e) None of These
Q2. “The folly our
descendants are least likely to forgive us.” What is the business
equivalent of the folly the author is referring to?

(a) Reducing the profit margin
(b) Not pumping some money out of
profits into the business.
(c) Eroding the capital lease of
the business
(d) Putting interest on capital
buck into the business
(e) None of These
Q3. Which of the following
statements is false in context of the given passage?
(a) The diversity of plant life is
essential for human existence.
(b) Scientists know the usefulness
of most plant species.
(c) Chemicals for cancer treatment
are available from plants.
(d) There are around ten times the
plant species undiscovered as compared to the discovered ones.
(e) None of These

Q4. Which of the following correctly
reflects the opinion of the author to take care of hunger in the world?
(a) Increase the number of edible
plants being cultivates.
(b) Increase cultivation of the
150 species presently under cultivation.
(c) Increase the cultivation of
medical plants.
(d) Increase the potential of the
uncultivated edible plants
(e) None of These
Q5. Which of the following is
mentioned as the immediate cause for the destruction of plant species?
(a) Soil Erosion 
(b) Destruction of habitat
(c) Cultivation
(d) Agricultural practices
(e) None of These
Directions (6-8): Choose the word
which is nearly same in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.

Q6. WASTED
(a) Consumed   
(b) Squandered      
(c) Unutilised              
(d) Unprofitable          
(e) None of These
Q7. TRIGGERS
(a) Starts              
(b) Makes     
(c)
Results
(d) Causes           
(e) None of These
Q8. WORTH
(a) Cost                                
(b) Purchase      
(c) Deserving    
(d) Sell                  
(e) None of These
Directions (9-10): Choose the word
which is nearly opposite in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.

Q9. CUTTING
(a) Uniting           
(b) Increasing    
(c)
Joining           
(d) Combining   
(e) None of These
Q10. GUARD
(a) Demolish      
(b) Relieve          
(c) Consume     
(d) Release         
(e) None of These
Directions (11-15): Read each
sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error in it. The error,
if any, will be one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the
answer. If there is no error, the answer is ‘5’. i.e. No error.
Q11. Taken into consideration (1)/the advice of his (2) friends, he
decided (3)/to stay here.(4)/No error (5)
Q12. Carry a bag (1)/in his hand (2)/he slipped (3)/out unnoticed.
(4)/No error (5)
Q13. Suraj said that (1)/he would rather (2)/fail than copying (3)/in the
examination. (4)/No error (5)
Q14. I have told Sushil (1)/that it will not be possible (2)/for me
carry on (3)/this kind of work. (4)/No error (5)

Q15. In the absence of (1)/clear instructions (2)/one cannot be expected
(3)/to be functioned effectively. (4)/No error (5)


ANSWERS
1
2
11
1
2
3
12
1
3
2
13
3
4
4
14
3
5
2
15
4
6
3
7
4
8
3
9
2
10
1