ENglish – VinglisH!

Dear Students,

English Section in the exam is a section where some students score very well but others even fail to clear cut-off. Learning Grammar is really essential to score good marks. But, what happens is that students from various boards where lesser attention is paid on English language fail to apply grammar during the examination even if they know the rules. 
So, conclusion is that practicing in some interesting way so that the things remain intact in your mind is important. Keeping this in mind, we have launched this series of “ENglish – VinglisH”. We have discussed some basic sentence errors and use of some basic words in English. Also, we learnt about the basic categorization of Tenses. Now, we will proceed with detailed explanation of every type of tense – one in a day.

This is the Eleventh post of ENglish – VinglisH. Hope you people like it.

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So, lets start now!!
TENSES are that part of grammar which drastically changes the meaning of a sentences. Tenses play a vital role in Communication otherwise you can do blunders like describing an event which happened in past as an event of future.

Today we will discuss about Past Indefinite Tense i.e. Simple Present Tense.


Past Indefinite tense 
Past Indefinite Tense is also known as “Simple Past Tense”. 

If an event or series of events or a habit that has already occurred and has been completed in the past, irrespective of the time frame, it is Simple Past Tense.

Identification – Action has been completed/ sentence denotes a habittime of occurrence of an event is asked

Identification from Hindi Sentences:

इन वाक्यो के अंत में क्रिया में ता था , ती थी , ते थे , या , यी , ये, आ, ई , ऐ , सका, सकी, सके जेसे शब्द आते है।

1. मैं मिठाई खाता था.
2. मैं मिठाई खाती था.
3. हम मिठाई खाते थे.
4. मैं स्कूल गया.
5. मैं स्कूल गयी.
6. हम स्कूल गये. 


Use of Verb

1. 2nd form of Verb is used in Positive sentences e.g. He understood.


2. 1st form of Verb is used when “did” is used in the sentence i.e. Sentence is Either Negative of Interrogative e.g. He did not understand, Did he understand?


3. “Did” is the only auxiliary verb which is used with the all subjects in Past Indefinite Tense. Also, ‘did’ is used only in case of either Negative, or, Interrogative sentence. ‘Did’ is not used in Positive sentences.

In every form of Tense, there are four types of sentences:

1. Positive/ Affirmative Sentence  (simple statement is used)
2. Negative Sentence (no, not is used)
3. Interrogative Sentence (Question is asked)
4. Interrogative – Negative Sentence (Question is asked with no, or not)




Positive/ Affirmative
Sentences
{Sub+Verb(2nd form)+Object}
Negative Sentences
{Sub+did not+Verb(1st)+Object}
I studied.
I did not study.
We studied.
We did not study.
You studied.
You did not study.
He studied.
He did not study.
They
studied.
They did not study.
Raman
studied.
Raman did not study.
Boys
studied.
Boys did not study.

Interrogative Sentences
{Did+Sub+verb(1st)
+ Object }
Or,
{Question word
like what, when etc + Did+Sub+verb(1st) + Object}
Negative Interrogative Sentences
Did+Sub+not+verb(1st)
+ Object
Or,

Question
word+ Did+ Sub+ not+ verb(1st) + Object

Did I study?
Did I not study?
Did we study?
Did we not study?
Did you
study?
Did you not study?
When did you
study?
When did you not study?
Did he
study?
Did he not study?
Did they
study?
Did they not study?
Did Raman
study?
Did Raman not study?
Did boys
study?
Did boys not study?

NOTE:

1. If sentence is about ‘habit’ of something then “used to” is used.
e.g. वे घूमने जाया करते थे – They used to go for walk.

2. If sentence is about ‘ability to do something’ then “could” is used.
e.g. मैं कल स्कूल जा सकता था।   – I could go to school yesterday.

3. If something has not happened ever i.e. something has not taken place then, “Never” is used not ‘did not’.

e.g. वह स्कूल कभी नहीं गया। – He never went to school.



Tomorrow we will discuss “Past Continuous Tense” in Detail.