List of High Courts in India 2021: How many High Courts in India

In India there are 25 high courts at present. According to the 214, in India there should be a separate high court for each state. The high court is said to be the supreme judicial body in a state. Today in this article we are going to provide you with a list of high courts in India which will be important for all those students in their government exam preparation.

How Many High Courts in India?

At present, there are 25 high courts in India. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India. Article 217 of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment of Judges of the High Courts in India. The number of judges varies from Court to Court and from State to State as per the requirement. In every High Court, there is a Chief Justice and many other judges whose number is defined by the President of India.

List of High Courts in India 2021

Below is the list of High Courts in India along with its establishment year and seats and benches. The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India.

Year Names Territorial Jurisdiction Seat
1862 Bombay Maharashtra

Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu

Goa

Seat: Mumbai

Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur

1862 Kolkata West Bengal

Andaman & Nicobar islands

Seat: Kolkata

Bench: Port Blair

1862 Madras Tamil Nadu

Pondicherry

Seat: Chennai

Bench: Madurai

1866 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh Seat: Allahabad

Bench: Lucknow

1884 Karnataka Karnataka Seat: Bengaluru

Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga

1916 Patna Bihar Patna
1948 Guwahati Assam

Nagaland

Mizoram

Arunachal Pradesh

Seat: Guwahati

Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar

1949 Odisha Odisha Cuttack
1949 Rajasthan Rajasthan Seat: Jodhpur

Bench: Jaipur

1956 Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Seat: Jabalpur

Bench: Gwalior and Indore

1958 Kerala Kerala & Lakshadweep Ernakulam
1960 Gujarat Gujarat Ahmedabad
1966 Delhi Delhi Delhi
1971 Himachal Pradesh Himachal Pradesh Shimla
1975 Punjab & Haryana Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh Chandigarh
1975 Sikkim Sikkim Gangtok
2000 Chattisgarh Chattisgarh Bilaspur
2000 Uttarakhand Uttarakhand Nainital
2000 Jharkhand Jharkhand Ranchi
2013 Tripura Tripura Agartala
2013 Manipur Manipur Imphal
2013 Meghalaya Meghalaya Shillong
2019 Telangana Telangana Hyderabad
2019 Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh Amravati
2019 Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh

(Note: In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories; there is now a common high court.)

Jammu and Kashmir

Ladakh

Key Points:  The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year. The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.

The Bombay, Madras and Calcutta High Courts are the three Chartered High Courts in India. The Madras Law Journal, published from the Madras High Court, was the first journal in India dedicated to reporting judgements of a Court (1891).

Composition of the High Court

  • Every High Court comprises a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by the President.
  • There is no fixed minimum number of judges for the High Courts. It varies from Court to Court and from State to State.

Qualifications and Tenure

A person shall not be fit for appointment as a Judge of the High Court unless

  • He is a citizen of India
  • He should have held a judicial office in the territory of India for ten years
  • He has been for at least 10 years an advocate of one or two or more High Court

FAQs: List of High Courts in India

Q1. Which is the oldest high court in India?

Ans. Calcutta high court is the oldest high court in India.

Q2. Which is the biggest high court in India?

Ans. Allahabad is the largest high court in India.

Q3. How many high courts are there in India?

Ans. There are total of 25 high courts at present in India.

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