In India there are 25 high courts at present. According to the 214, in India there should be a separate high court for each state. The high court is said to be the supreme judicial body in a state. Today in this article we are going to provide you with a list of high courts in India which will be important for all those students in their government exam preparation.
How Many High Courts in India?
At present, there are 25 high courts in India. Each High Court shall consist of a Chief Justice and such other judges as appointed by the President of India. Article 217 of the Indian Constitution deals with the appointment of Judges of the High Courts in India. The number of judges varies from Court to Court and from State to State as per the requirement. In every High Court, there is a Chief Justice and many other judges whose number is defined by the President of India.
List of High Courts in India 2021
Below is the list of High Courts in India along with its establishment year and seats and benches. The Calcutta High Court, established in 1862, is the oldest High Court in India.
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman Diu
Bench: Panaji, Aurangabad, and Nagpur
Andaman & Nicobar islands
Bench: Port Blair
|1866||Allahabad||Uttar Pradesh||Seat: Allahabad
Bench: Dharwad and Gulbarga
Bench: Kohima, Aizawl, and Itanagar
|1956||Madhya Pradesh||Madhya Pradesh||Seat: Jabalpur
Bench: Gwalior and Indore
|1958||Kerala||Kerala & Lakshadweep||Ernakulam|
|1971||Himachal Pradesh||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla|
|1975||Punjab & Haryana||Punjab, Haryana & Chandigarh||Chandigarh|
|2019||Andhra Pradesh||Andhra Pradesh||Amravati|
|2019||Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh
(Note: In 1928, Jammu & Kashmir high court was established. Post-bi-furcation of J&K into two union territories; there is now a common high court.)
|Jammu and Kashmir
Key Points: The Bombay and Madras High Courts were also established in the same year. The newest High Courts are the Telangana Court and Andhra Pradesh High Court, both established in the year 2019.
The Bombay, Madras and Calcutta High Courts are the three Chartered High Courts in India. The Madras Law Journal, published from the Madras High Court, was the first journal in India dedicated to reporting judgements of a Court (1891).
Composition of the High Court
- Every High Court comprises a Chief Justice and other judges appointed by the President.
- There is no fixed minimum number of judges for the High Courts. It varies from Court to Court and from State to State.
Qualifications and Tenure
A person shall not be fit for appointment as a Judge of the High Court unless
- He is a citizen of India
- He should have held a judicial office in the territory of India for ten years
- He has been for at least 10 years an advocate of one or two or more High Court
FAQs: List of High Courts in India
Q1. Which is the oldest high court in India?
Ans. Calcutta high court is the oldest high court in India.
Q2. Which is the biggest high court in India?
Ans. Allahabad is the largest high court in India.
Q3. How many high courts are there in India?
Ans. There are total of 25 high courts at present in India.