Logical Reasoning Quiz For SBI – PO

Dear reader here we are providing some question on logical
reasoning which can be useful in upcoming SBI– PO exam.
Directions (1-5):
In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to  distinguish between ‘strong ‘arguments and
‘weak ‘arguments. ‘Strong’ arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the
question. ‘Weak’ arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related
to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect
of the question.
Instructions: In each of the following a question is
followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which argument
is strong and which argument is weak. Give answer
(1) If only
argument I is strong.
(2) If only
argument II is strong.
(3) If either
argument I or II is strong.
(4) If neither
argument I nor II is strong.
(5) If both the
arguments I and II are strong.
1.     Statement:
Should Hindi language be made compulsory at
school level in all the States in India?
Arguments:                                       
I.
No, students should not be forced to learn any language.
II.
Yes, it is the national language, so everybody must learn it.
2.     Statement: Should the retirement age of
all government employees in India be made 55 years?
Arguments:
I.
Yes, this will help government to offer employment to youth at lower cost and
with higher productivity.
II.
No, the government will be deprived of the expertise of the experienced
employees and this will have adverse effect on the productivity.
3.     Statement: Should India pull out of
Commonwealth Confederation?
Arguments:
I. No, India will lose an international
forum to express its opinion on world matters.
II. Yes, Commonwealth has lost its
relevance in the post- cold war scenario.
4.     Statement: Should all the profit-making
public sector units be sold to private companies?
Arguments:
I.
Yes, this will help the government to augment its resources for implementing
the development programmes.
II.
No, the private companies will not be able to run these units effectively.
5.     Statement: Should all beggars on the
roads in the big cities in India be forcibly sent to villages?
Arguments:
I.
No, this is grossly unfair and these people may die of hunger if they are sent
to villages.
II.
Yes, these people create a bad impression of our country in the eyes of the
foreigners who visit our country and hence should be removed.
Directions:
(6-10):
In each question below a statement is given followed by two courses
of action
numbered I and II. A course of action is a
practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for
follow-up, improvement, or further action with regard to the problem, policy,
etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume
everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested
courses of action logically follows(s).
Give answer—
(1)
If only I follows.
(2)
If only II follows.
(3)
If either I or II follows.
(4)
If neither I nor II follows.
(5)
If both I and II follow
6.     Statement:        
The Indian cricket team reached in final
matches of the previous six major tournaments, but failed to win even a single
tournament.
Courses
of action:          
I.
The team should change its coach.
II.
The Indian cricket board should set up a committee to find out the reasons.
7.     Statement:        
In the road accidents the pillion riders
are getting more head injuries than the driver.
Courses of action:           
I.
Pillion riders should also wear helmet.
II.
Government should increase the number of speed breakers for slow speed.
8.     Statement:        
Now-a-days, the number of suicide cases is
on the rise.
Courses
of action:          
I.
We should change our education system, where the people can learn the basic
values of life.
II.
Mostly the suicides are seen in youngsters due to stress. Parents should
arrange for multiple hobby classes for their children.
9.     Statement:        
The government is worried by the sudden
collapse of an under construction bridge, leading to death    of 34 people and
injuries to many.
Courses of action:           
I.  The government should set up an inquiry
committee to investigate the reasons for collapse
II.
The authorities should shift the injured people to the hospital and clear the
debris to see if someone is trapped.
10.  Statement:        
Two third or even more of the world’s polar
bears will disappear by 2050 due to shrinking Summer Sea ice, even under
moderate projections caused by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
Courses
of action:          
I.
We should control environmental pollution by reducing the emission of greenhouse
gases and              make people aware
of effects of greenhouse gases through media.
II.
Shift the polar bears to the other parts of the world, like Antarctica, where
thick layer of ice is               available.
ANSWERS:
1.
(2)                     
2.
(5)     
3.
(1)
4.
(1)
5.
(5)
6.
(2) :
 I is not a practical course of action. II follows, as enquiry is the norm after every failures/incidents.
7. (1)
I is right course of action as it
will protect pillion riders but
II
will solve one question and create
    another
problem.

8.  (4)
Both
of the courses of action do not address the problem. It cannot be explained how
values of life of multiple hobby classes can stop people from committing
suicide.

9.  (5) 
I follow as in the case of question no. II also follows as rescue efforts are
the first step in such
   incidents

10. (1)
I follows as this is the only way to
reduce the emission of greenhouse gases.

II
does not follow    because it is
neither practical nor possible.