Neighbouring Countries of India

Neighbouring Countries of India: India is a country situated in the southern part of Asia. It is situated latitudinal in the Northern Hemisphere and longitudinally in the Eastern Hemisphere. India is ranked as the second largest country in Southeast Asia. As well it is the seventh-largest country in the world as per the area and second-largest in the population count. India is surrounded by many countries, so today, in this article we are going to provide you the details of all the neighboring countries of India.

Geographic Features Of India:

Before learning about the neighboring countries of India, let us have a look at the geographic features of India. The Indian mainland is divided into 4 geographical areas: the Northern Mountains of the Himalayan region; the great Northern Plains; the Deccan Peninsula; the coastal plains and Islands. India measures 3,214 km (1,997 mi) from north to south and 2,933 km (1,822 mi) from east to west. It has a land frontier of 15,200 km (9,445 mi) and a coastline of 7,516.6 km (4,671 mi) and India shares its border with 7 countries.

India’s Neighbouring Countries

A total number of 9 countries share the border with India. As mentioned above India shares its border with 7 countries namely Afghanistan, Pakistan, China, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives, and Sri Lanka. These seven countries share the land border with India and the 2 countries share the sea border with India.

Neighbouring Countries of India: Capital and State Border

Let us have a detailed look at the neighboring countries’ states and capital which shares the border with India. The table below shows the details of India’s neighbouring countries with their states and capitals.

 

Neighbouring Country Capital The Indian State/UTs which share Border
Afghanistan Kabul Ladakh (PoK)
Bangladesh Dhaka West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and Assam
Bhutan Thimphu West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh & Assam
China Beijing Ladakh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and Arunachal Pradesh
Myanmar Yangon Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur
Nepal Kathmandu Bihar, Uttarakhand, UP, Sikkim and West Bengal
Pakistan Islamabad Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh, Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat
Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Legislative Capital)

Columbo (Executive Capital)

It is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar
Maldives Male It lies in the south-west part of India Ocean below the Lakshadweep Island. 

Neighbouring Countries: Brief Summary

  • Afghanistan

It is located in central Asia and has an area of about 6,52,230 sq km.Major dependence of this country’s economy is on agriculture.

 Border Length- 106 km

Official Languages – Dari, Pashto

Currency – Afghan Afghani

States/ Provinces – 34 Provinces

  • Bangladesh

It covers an area of 1,43,998 sq km and has a coastline of 580 km. The Bangladeshi states, Rajshahi, Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rangpur and Sylhet, share their borders with India. 

Border Line – 4096.7 Km

Official Language – Bengali

Currency – Bangladeshi Taka

States/ Provinces – 8 Provinces

  • Bhutan

It has an area of 38, 394 sq km, the population of this country follows Buddhism followed by Hinduism.

Border Line – 699 km

Official Language – Dzongkha

Currency – BhutaneseNgultrum

States/ Provinces – 20 States

  • China

The world’s most populated country, China, spreads over an area of about 95,96,960 sq km.

Border Line – 3488 km

Official Language – Mandarin

Currency – Chinese Yuan

States/ Provinces – 26 Provinces

  • Myanmar

It is Located in the western portion of mainland South Asia Myanmar and is spread over an area of 6,76,578 sq km.

Border Line – 1643 km

Official Language – Burmese

Currency – Burmese Kyat

  • Nepal

Nepal is located to the northeast of India and extended over an area of 1,47,181 sq km. The world’s tallest peak, Mount Everest is located in Nepal

Border Line – 1751 km

Official Language – Nepali

Currency – Nepalese Rupee

States/ Provinces – 7 Provinces

  • Pakistan

It has an area of 7,96,095 sq km. Initially a part of India was separated to form a new country, named Pakistan.

Border Line – 3323 km

Official Language – Urdu

Currency – Pakistani Rupee

States/ Provinces – 4 Provinces

  • Sri Lanka

This country  is spread over an area of 65,610 sq km and shares Indian Coastline.

Border Line – Sea Border

Official Language – Sinhala, Tamil

Currency – Sri Lankan Rupee

States/ Provinces – 9 States

  • Maldives

It is located in the Indian Ocean-Arabian sea area, the island nation of Maldives is located to the south-west of India. It Spreads over an area of 298 sq km only.

Border Line – Sea Border

Official Language – Dhivehi

Currency – Maldivian Rufiyaa

States/ Provinces – 1 Only

Also Read:

List of largest and smallest state of india: All States List by Population, Area

IPL Winners List: Complete List of IPL Winner form 2008 to 2021

 

FAQs: Neighbouring Countries of India

Q1. How many neighbouring countries of India are there?

Ans. There are a total 9 neighbouring countries in India.

 Q2. Which country has the shortest boundary with India?

Ans. Afghanistan has the shortest boundary with India.

Q3. Which Country has the longest boundary with India?

Ans. Bangladesh has the longest boundary with India.

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