Directions (Q. 1–5): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/ phrases have been given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
Sting operations are a decade-and-a-half old in India. In 2000, sting pioneer Tehelka did one on cricketers to throw light on how matches were fixed. In 2001, their ‘Operation West End’ was on middlemen in defence deals and bribes taken by political leaders. And in 2007, ‘Operation Duryodhan’ caught 11 MPs taking bribes to put dictated questions in Parliament. Many more followed. It is said that the expression ‘sting operation’ seemed to have emerged from the name of a popular 1973 American movie ‘The Sting’, which was based on a complicated plot hatched by two persons to trick a third person into committing a crime. A sting operation raises certain moral and ethical questions. The victim, who is otherwise innocent, is lured into committing a crime on the assurance of absolute secrecy and confidentiality of the circumstances, raising the potential question as to how such a victim can be held responsible for the crime which he would not have committed but for the enticement.
Though sting operations have been around, it was Aam Aadmi Party and its chief Arvind Kejriwal who sharpened it as a weapon in the mobile phone-wielding hands of the public to catch the corrupt. AAP and Kejriwal relentlessly exhorted people to sting officials who demanded illegal gratification. The stings streamed in, catching both the big and the small. The latest one doing the rounds is the one on Kejriwal himself. A private conversation secretly recorded has become the hot topic of public debate.
1. According to the author, what is the main cause of sting operations?
1. Sting operations are for the betterment of society and public good.
2. Sting operations are about organised people in law enforcement.
3. Because all such operations are paid.
4. It is a source of employment.
5. Other than given options.
2. Which of the following is TRUE in the context of the passage?
1. Despite pronouncements, conflict between sting operations and privacy will continue to remain a contentious point in future.
2. Sanctity attached to personal privacy of a person was expanded by the SC in two subsequent judgements.
3. Indeed, nothing is more deleterious to a man’s physical happiness.
4. All of the above
5. Other than given options
3. Which of the following is an advantage of sting operation?
1) It can check the crimes up to great extent.
2) It is an effective tool to reduce corruption.
3) Media can easily violate a person’s right to privacy.
4) Both 1 and 2
5) Other than given options
4. Choose the word which is most similar in meaning to the word ‘Pioneer’ as used in the passage?
5. Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the word ‘Hatched’ as used in the passage?
Directions (Q. 6–10) : Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical or idiomatic error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is ‘No error’ the answer is 5). (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any)
6. Yet for historical reasons, 1)/ many organisation today 2)/ don’t have 3)/ much leadership. 4)/ No error 5)
7. There is a sense of 1)/ joy in doing 2)/ one’s work 3)/ honestly and efficiently. 4) /No error 5)
8. Any attempt to abolish 1)/ child labour 2)/ through legal recourse would, 3)/ in the circumstances, not be practical. 4)/ No error 5)
9. Kashmir had been 1)/ the bone of 2)/ contention from 3) /a very long time. 4)/ No error 5)
10. A moment’s reflection 1)/ would show that 2)/ there can be 3)/ another reason. 4)/ No error 5)
6. 2; Replace ‘organization’ with ‘organizations’
7. 5; No error
8. 4; Replace ‘in’ with ‘under’
9. 3; Replace ‘from’ with ‘for’
10. 3; Replace ‘can’ with ‘could’