Reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. Practice with these night class Reasoning Question for RRB PO Exam 2017.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below:
Seven Students P, Q, R, S, T, U and V live on seven different floors of a building, but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost floor of the building is numbered one; the one above it is number two and so on till the topmost floor is numbered seven. Each of them also like a different book and colour i.e. books are- Hindi, English, Sanskrit, Urdu, Math, Art, Science and colours are- Red, Blue, Yellow, Violet, Green, Pink and Orange but not necessarily in the same order.
Only one student lives between the one who likes Math and the one who likes Art. S does not like Math. V does not like Hindi. The one, who likes Pink lives immediately above the one who likes Math. T lives on one of the floors below Q, but does not live on the lowermost floor. The one who lives on 7th floor is immediately above the one, who lives immediate below the one who likes Orange. There are three students between Q and T. The one who likes Urdu lives on the odd-numbered floors below U. P lives immediately above U and does not like Sanskrit. U does not like Violet and Blue. The one, who likes Yellow lives immediately above the one who likes Green. The one who likes Art is also likes Blue. Only one student lives between Q and the one who likes Sanskrit. The one who likes Green lives below the one who likes Red. Only two students live between V and the one who likes Sanskrit. The one who likes English liveon even-numbered floors but above the one who like Sanskrit. The one who likes Science lives immediately above V, who does not like Art. S lives on one of the floors above on which R lives. V does not live on either first or seventh floor.

Q1.Who among following students likes Violet?
(a)R
(b) The one who likes English
(c) The one who likes Sanskrit
(d) The one who likes Hindi
(e) Q

Q2.Who lives immediately above the one who likes Blue?
(a)The one who likes Sanskrit
(b) Both (a) and (e)
(c) S
(d) Q
(e) The one who likes Red

Q3.Who among the following student likes Science?
(a)Q
(b) P
(c) V
(d) T
(e) None of these

Q4.How many students live between the one who likes Urdu and the one who likes Blue?
(a) None
(b) Three
(c) Two
(d) Can’t be determined
(e) None of these

Q5.Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence they form a group. Which one of the following does not belong to that group?
(a) The one who likes Urdu
(b) The one who likes Pink
(c) The one who lives on 5th floor
(d) The one who lives on 6th floor
(e) The one who likes Hindi

Solution (1-5):

S1. Ans.(b)
Sol.

S2. Ans.(b)
Sol.

S3. Ans.(d)
Sol.

S4. Ans.(c)
Sol.

S5. Ans.(d)
Sol.

Directions (6-10): In each question below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q6. Statements:
Some book aretable.
No table is a chair.
All chair are wood.
Conclusions
I. No book is a chair.
II. Some tablearewood.
III. No chair is a table.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Both I and II follow
(c) Only III follows
(d) All follow
(e) None of these

S6. Ans.(c)
Sol.

Q7. Statements:
Some cat aredog.
Some dog are rat.
All rat are cow.
Conclusions
I. Some dog are cow.
II. All cow are being cat is a possibility.
III. All cat being rat is a possibility.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only I and II follow
(c) Only III follows
(d) All follow
(e) None follows

S7. Ans.(d)
Sol.

Q8. Statements:
Some paper are pen.
All pen are pencil.
Some pencil are copy.
Conclusions
I. Some paper are copy.
II. Some paper are pencil.
III. Some pen are copy.
(a) Only II follows
(b) Both I and III follow
(c) Only II and III follow
(d) All I, II and III follow
(e) None follows

S8. Ans.(a)
Sol.

Q9. Statements:
All cow are deer.
Some deer are camel.
Some goat are cow.
Conclusions
I. Some goat are camel.
II. Some cow are camel.
III. No goat is camel .
(a) Only I and II follow
(b) Either I and III follow
(c) Only II and III follow
(d) Only II follows
(e) None of these

S9. Ans.(b)
Sol.

Q10. Statements:
All blue are pink.
Some pink are red.
All red are yellow.
Conclusions
I. All blue being yellow is a possibility.
II. Some pink are yellow.
III. Some pink are blue.
(a) All follow
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) None follows
(e) None of these

S10. Ans.(a)
Sol.

Directions (11-13): In each question below is given a statement followed by two course of actions numbered I and II. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the suggested course of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
(a) if only I follows.
(b) if only II follows.
(c) if either I or II follows.
(d) if neither I nor II follows.
(e) if both I and II follow.

Q11. Statements: Cell phone users have found that tariff plans are not as attractive as promoted by telecom companies and complained to Telecom regulatory authority of India (TRAI) about the same.
Course of action:
I.The regulatory authority (TRAI) should direct telecom companies to be transparent on the tariff structure of all plans.
II.The government should restrict the number of telecom companies operating in the country.

S11. Ans.(a)
Sol. From the statement, it is clear that telecom companies are not transparent on the tariff plans. So, regulatory authority(TRAI) should direct them. So, course of action I follows but II does not follow.

Q12. Statements: Misuse of subsidies offered to the farmers was observed and brought to the notice of the concerned authorities.
Course of action:
I.Government should issue orders to the concerned officials to be stricter and more careful while verifying the required documents while granting subsidy.
II.Government officials should take necessary action against those making false claim of subsidy.

S12. Ans.(e)
Sol.First course of action will help subsidies be put to proper use. And second course of action also desirable so that misuse of subsidy stopped.

Q13. Statements: People in the locality were agitated as more than thirty people died in a building collapse.
Course of action:
I.Government should immediately announce compensations for the affected families.
II.Authorities should take action against builders tending to compromise over quality of material used

S13. Ans.(e)
Sol. Course of action I is desirable on the basis of humanity. Course of action II will help for long time means helpful for future.

Directions: (14-15): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes
(d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes
(e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common causes

Q14. (A) The literacy rate in the district has been increasing for the last four years.
(B) The district administration has conducted extensive training programme for the workers involved in the literacy drive.

S14. Ans.(b)
Sol. The literacy of the district has been increased because district administrations are providing extensive training for its workers involved in the literacy drive. So, statement (B) is the cause while (A) is its effect.

Q15. (A) The prices of petrol and diesel in the domestic market have remained unchanged for the past few months.
(B) The crude oil prices in the international market have gone up substantially in the last few months.

S15. Ans.(d)
Sol. The prices of petrol and diesel in domestic market have remained unchanged while in international market the price of crude oil is increased. It indicates that both statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.