The reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. And for same we are providing you questions of Reasoning Question and Answers. Solve these to Practice latest pattern reasoning question for bank exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions.
An input-output is given in different steps. Some mathematical operations are done in each step. No mathematical operation is repeated in next step but it can be repeated with some other mathematical operation (as multiplication can be used with subtraction in step 1 and same can be used with addition in step 2)

As per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Q1. Find the addition of the three numbers obtained in step I?
(a) 57
(b) 56
(c) 55
(d) 58
(e) None of these

Q2. Find the difference of two numbers obtained in Step III?
(a) 14
(b) 16
(c) 19
(d) 15
(e) None of these

Q3. Find the multiplication of the two numbers obtained in Step II?
(a) 2845
(b) 1745
(c) 3723
(d) 1841
(e) None of these

Q4. Find the multiplication of unit and tens digit of number which is obtained in Step IV??
(a) 72
(b) 60
(c) 50
(d) 36
(e) 40

Q5. Which of the following number is obtained in Step IV?
(a) 34
(b) 98
(c) 58
(d) 66
(e) None of these

Solution (1-5):
Step-II(First block)- Addition of the Cube of first element of each block of step I.
Step-II(Second block)- Addition of cube of second element of each block of step I.
Step-III (First block) - First element of First block multiply with Square of First element of Second block of Step II.
Step-III (Second block)- Second element of first block multiply with square of second element of second block of Step II.
Step-IV- First we interchange the digit within first and second block respectively of Step III. Then we have to calculate the difference between these number thus formed by interchanging the digit.
For ex.- The number of third step are- 49 and 63
After interchanging the digit, new number is- 94 and 36
The difference is= 94-36=58

S1. Ans. (a)
Sol. 12+21+24=57

S2. Ans. (a)
Sol. 63-49=14

S3. Ans. (e)
Sol. 17*73=1241

S4. Ans. (e)
Sol.  8*5=40

S5. Ans. (c)
Sol.  58

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions.
There are seven doctors – M, N, O, P, Q, R and S – who are doing research in different field viz. Sleep, Obesity, Cancer, Autism, Depression, Plastic Surgery and Drug Abuse but not necessarily in the same order. They take one day rest in a week starting from Monday to Sunday. They like different colours viz. Red, Green, Black, White, Yellow, Violet and Orange but not necessarily in the same order.
N, who likes Violet take rest on the fourth day of the week but he research neither on Sleep nor Drug Abuse. Two doctors take rest between the days on which N and R take rest and neither of them takes rest on the 1st day of the week. There is only one doctor take rest between the days on which M and O takes rest. O does not take rest either on 1st or 3rd day of the week. O likes Green and he researches on Sleep. The one, who researches on Cancer, takes rest on the last day of the week and like Black colour. P does not take rest on the day either immediately before or immediately after the day on which M take rest, who doesn’t like either Yellow or Red or White. S takes rest immediately after O and he likes Red. Q researches on Plastic Surgery and he doesn’t like yellow. M does not research on either Depression or Autism. The one who researches on Obesity takes rest immediately after the day when the one who researches on Sleep takes rest.

Q6. Which of the following combinations is definitely false?
(a)O – Green – Sleep
(b)M – Orange –Drug Abuse
(c)Q – White –Plastic Surgery
(d)R – Green – Sleep
(e)None of these

Q7.Who among the following takes rest on 5th day of the week?
(a)The one who likes Orange
(b)The one who researches on Cancer
(c)The one who researches on Sleep
(d)The one who likes White
(e)None of these

Q8.Who researches on Autism?
(a)The one who likes Violet
(b)The one who likes Orange
(c)The one who likes Yellow
(d)Either the one who likes Yellow or the one who likes Violet
(e)None of these

Q9.If ‘N’ is related to ‘Green’ and ‘S’ is related to ‘Black’ then which of the following is ‘M’ related to?
(a)Yellow
(b)Violet
(c)White
(d)Orange
(e)None of these

Q10.Who researches on Depression?
(a)The one who takes rest on fourth day of the week
(b)The one who researches on the day just before Q
(c)The one who researches on the day just after Q
(d)Can’t be determined
(e)None of these

Solutions(6-10):

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol.

S7. Ans.(c)
Sol.

S8. Ans.(d)
Sol.

S9. Ans.(b)
Sol.

S10. Ans.(d)
Sol.

Directions (11-13): In each question below is given a statement followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow (s) for pursuing.
(a) if only I follows.
(b) if only II follows.
(c) if either I or II follows.
(d) if neither I nor II follows.
(e) if both I and II follow.

Q11. Statement : There is an alarming increase in the number of people suffering from malaria in many parts of the city.
Course of action:
I. The municipal corporation has advised all the Govt. hospitals to store adequate supply of malaria drugs.
II. The municipal corporation has urged people to use mosquito repellents and keep their premises clean.

Q12. Statements: The number of dropouts in Govt. schools has significantly increased in the urban areas over the past few years.
Courses of action:
I. The Govt. should immediately close down all such schools in the urban areas where the dropout goes beyond 20 percent.
II. The parents of all the students who dropped out of the Govt. schools in urban areas should be punished.

Q13. Statements: Majority of the city employees in the renowned BPO company have left their jobs to protest against inhuman treatment meted out to them by the company.
Courses of action:
I. The Govt. should immediately order the BPO company to close down its operation.
II. The BPO company should shift its operations to some other place to continue its operations.

Solution(11-13):

S11. Ans.(e)
Sol. Course of action I is advisable because it will be helpful in cure of malaria.
Course of action II is also advisable because it will be helpful in preventing of malaria.

S12. Ans.(d)
Sol. Both courses of action are extreme actions/steps.
Therefore, neither course of action I nor II follows.

S13. Ans.(d)
Sol. Course of action I is not advisable because it is an extreme action/step.
Course of action II is also not advisable because it is escapist.

Directions (14-15): In each question below are given three statements followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q14. Statements:
All cows are deers.
Some deers are camels.
Some dogs are deers.
Conclusions
I. Some dogs are camels.
II. Some cows are camels.
III. No dogs is camels .
(a) Only I and II follow
(b) Either I and III follow
(c) Only II and III follow
(d) Only II follows
(e) None of these

Q15. Statements:
All digits are names.
Some names are apples.
All apples are vowels.
Conclusions
I. All digits being vowels is a possibility.
II. Some names are vowels.
III. Some names are digits.
(a) All follow
(b) Only II and III follow
(c) Only I and III follow
(d) None follows
(e) None of these

Solution(14-15):

S14. Ans.(b)
Sol.

S15. Ans.(a)
Sol.

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