New pattern English Questions IBPS PO Exam 2017

Twisted One English For IBPS PO 2017

Dear Students, English Section is a topic quite dreaded by candidates taking the bank exams. Though the sheer number of concepts and rules may seem intimidating at first, with discipline and the right approach, it is not difficult to master these concepts and their application to questions. Through such quizzes, we will provide you all types of high-level questions to ace the Sentence Correction, new pattern English section of bank exams. In this quiz, you can practice paragraph completion and out of the context sentence questions For IBPS PO 2017.

Directions (1-5): Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. From the given options, choose the one that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way.

Q1. I am sometimes attacked for imposing ‘rules’. Nothing could be further from the truth: I hate rules. All I do is report on how consumers react to different stimuli. I may say to a copywriter, “Research shows that commercials with celebrities are below average in persuading people to buy products. Are you sure you want to use a celebrity?” Call that a rule? Or I may say to an art director, “Research suggests that if you set the copy in black type on a white background, more people will read it than if you set it in white type on a black background.”

(a) Guidance based on applied research can hardly qualify as ‘rules’.
(b) Thus, all my so-called ‘rules’ are rooted in applied research.
(c) A suggestion perhaps, but scarcely a rule.
(d) Such principles are unavoidable if one wants to be systematic about consumer behaviour.
(e) Fundamentally, it is about consumer behaviour—not about celebrities or type settings.

Q2. Relations between the factory and the dealer are distant and usually strained as the factory tries to force cars on the dealers to smooth out production. Relations between the dealer and the customer are equally strained because dealers continuously adjust price—make deals—to adjust demand with supply while maximizing profits. This becomes a system marked by ‘a lack of long-term commitment on either side, which maximizes feelings of mistrust. In order to maximize their bargaining positions, everyone holds back information—the dealer about the product and the consumer about his true desires.

(a) As a result, ‘deal making’ becomes rampant, without concern for customer satisfaction.
(b) As a result, inefficiencies creep into the supply chain.
(c) As a result, everyone treats the other as an adversary, rather than as an ally.
(d) As a result, fundamental innovations are becoming scarce in the automobile industry.
(e) As a result, everyone loses in the long run.

Q3. In the evolving world order, the comparative advantage of the United States lies in its military force: Diplomacy and international law have always been regarded as annoying encumbrances, unless they can be used to advantage against an enemy. Every active player in world affairs professes to seek only peace and to prefer negotiation to violence and coercion.

(a) However, diplomacy has often been used as a mask by nations which intended to use force. 
(b) However, when the veil is lifted, we commonly see that diplomacy is used as a disguise for the rule of force.
(c) However, history has shown that many of these nations do not practice what they profess.
(d) However, history tells us that peace is professed by those who intend to use violence.
(e) However, when unmasked, such nations reveal a penchant for the use of force.

Q4. Age has a curvilinear relationship with the exploitation of opportunity. Initially, age will increase the likelihood that a person will exploit an entrepreneurial opportunity because people gather much of the knowledge necessary to exploit opportunities over the course of their lives, and because age provides credibility in transmitting that information to others. However, as people become older, their willingness to bear risks declines, their opportunity costs rise, and they become less receptive to new information.

(a) As a result, people transmit more information rather than experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.
(b) As a result, people are reluctant to experiment with new ideas as they reach an advanced age.
(c) As a result, only people with lower opportunity costs exploit opportunity when they reach an advanced age.
(d) As a result, people become reluctant to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities when they reach an advanced age.
(e) As a result, people depend on credibility rather than on novelty as they reach an advanced age.

Q5. We can usefully think of theoretical models as maps, which help us navigate unfamiliar territory. The most accurate map that it is possible to construct would be of no practical use whatsoever, for it would be an exact replica, on exactly the same scale, of the place where we were. Good maps pull out the most important features and throw away a huge amount of much less valuable information. Of course, maps can be bad as well as good—witness the attempts by medieval Europe to produce a map of the world. In the same way, a bad theory, no matter how impressive it may seem in principle, does little or nothing to help us understand a problem.

(a) But good theories, just like good maps, are invaluable, even if they are simplified.
(b) But good theories, just like good maps, will never represent unfamiliar concepts in detail.
(c) But good theories, just like good maps, need to balance detail and feasibility of representation.
(d) But good theories, just like good maps, are accurate only at a certain level of abstraction.
(e) But good theories, just like good maps, are useful in the hands of a user who knows their limitations.

Directions (6-8): In each question, there are five sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage. Then, choose the most appropriate option.

Q6. A. When I returned to home, I began to read
B. everything I could get my hand on about Israel.
C. That same year Israel’s Jewish Agency sent
D. a haliach, a sort of recruiter to Minneapolis
E. I became one of his most active devotees.
(a) C & E
(b) C only
(c) E only
(d) B, C & E
(e) C, D & E

Q7. A. So once an economy is actually in recession,
B. the authorities can, in principle, move the economy
C. out of slump—assuming hypothetically
D. that they know how to—by a temporary stimuli.
E. In the longer term, however, such policies have no effect on the overall behaviour of the economy.
(a) A, B & E
(b) B, C & E
(c) C & D
(d) E only
(e) B only

Q8. A. It sometimes told that democratic
B. government originated in the city-states
C. of ancient Greece. Democratic ideals have been handed to us from that time.
D. In truth, however, this is an unhelpful assertion.
E. The Greeks gave us the word, hence did not provide us with a model.
(a) A, B & D
(b) B, C & D
(c) B & D
(d) B only
(e) D only

Directions (9-11): In each question, there are jour sentences. Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicised and highlighted. From the italicised and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences. Then, from the options given, choose the best one.

Q9. The cricket council that was [A] / were [B] elected last March is [A] / are [B] at sixes and sevens over new rules.
The critics censored [A] / censured [B] the new movie because of its social unacceptability.
Amit’s explanation for missing the meeting was credulous [A] / credible [B].
She coughed discreetly [A] / discretely [B] to announce her presence.

Q10. The further [A] / farther [B] he pushed himself, the more disillusioned he grew:
For the crowds it was more of a historical [A] | historic [B] event; for their leader, it was just another day.
The old man has a healthy distrust [A] / mistrust [B] for all new technology. 
This film is based on a real [A] / true [B] story.
One suspects that the compliment [A] / complement [B] was backhanded.

Q11. Regrettably [A] / Regretfully [B] I have to decline your invitation.
I am drawn to the poetic, sensual [A] / sensuous [B] quality of her paintings.
He was besides [A] / beside [B] himself with rage when I told him what I had done.
After brushing against a stationary, [A] / stationery [B] truck my car turned turtle.
As the water began to rise over [A] / above [B] the danger mark, the signs of an imminent flood were clear.

Directions (12-15): In each of the following questions, there are four sentences or parts of sentences that from a paragraph. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage (including spelling, punctuation and logical consistency). Then, choose the most appropriate option.

Q12. A. Just like America's founding fathers were obsessed with liberty,
B. so were Indias founders deeply attached to dharma-so much so that they placed
C. the dharma-chakra in the middle of Indian flag.
D. The Congress party still does not realize how much it has diminished by the relentless series of corruption scandals.
(a) All are correct
(b) All are incorrect
(c) A and D
(d) B and C
(e) None of the above 

Q13. A. Her words had the desired effect.
B. and when he had reached her place, he stopped for longer than he had intended to.
C. Throughout the drive to her home,
D. he had kept thinking about how much he would miss her.
(a) All are correct
(b) All are incorrect
(c) A and D
(d) B and C
(e) None of the above 

Q14. A. Couldn't make it to Arnab's show tonight. Nor to Rahul's (Headlines Today).
B. The topic on both were the same - it's the big story about Raakhi Sawant's
C. show timing getting changed to a later slot.
D. But hopefully kids won't be awake to watch this rubbish. So... it's all good.
(a) All are correct
(b) All are incorrect
(c) A, C and D
(d) A, B and C
(e) None of the above 

Q15. A. Liquid Comics, an entertainment company found by three Indians
B. have announced the digital iPad release of "Untouchable",
C. a graphic novel with a supernatural horror twist
D. exploring various themes of racial prejudice during the British Raj.
(a) A and B
(b) C and D
(c) A and C
(d) B and D
(e) None of the above 


S1. Ans.(c)
Sol. The concluding sentence should have a punch to conclude the argument. One of the keys to discover a concluding sentence is that—there either has to be a strong conclusion of the current argument or there should be a strong refutation of the argument. In this case, option (c) is the most succinct closing of the argument. Option (c) is the correct answer.

S2. Ans.(e)
Sol. The fifth statement is the most concise conclusion. Option (e) is the correct answer.

S3. Ans.(b)
Sol. Paragraph clearly shows that military power is the guiding force behind diplomacy. Option (b) is the correct answer.

S4. Ans.(d)
Sol. Option (d) is the most logical conclusion as it concludes the argument which the author is making—that as people become older they become reluctant to exploit entrepreneurial opportunities. So option (d) is its logical conclusion. Option (d) is the correct answer.

S5. Ans.(a)
Sol. The author is talking about why maps are necessary and uses a flip-flop-flip kind of argumentation method. Option (a) closes the argument in the best possible way. Option (a) is the correct answer.

S6. Ans.(a)
Sol. The errors are: statement A should read “returned home”, statement B should read “I could get my hands on”, statement D should read “a sort of a recruiter”. Hence, only statements C and E are correct. Hence, option (a) is the correct answer.

S7. Ans.(e)
Sol. The errors are: statement A should read “in a recession”, statement C should read “out of a slump”, statement D should read “by a temporary stimulus” and statement E should read “such policies have no effect”. Only statement B is correct. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

S8. Ans.(c)
Sol. The errors are: statement A should read “It is sometimes said”, statement C should read “democratic ideals have been handed down to us”, statement E should read “The Greeks gave us the word, but did not provide us with a model. Only statements B and D are correct. Hence, option (c) is the correct answer.

S9. Ans.(d)
Sol. We are taking cricket council as a whole so it will take the singular verbs ‘was’ and ‘is’. Critics censure (criticize) movies and explanations are ‘credible’ (convincing). We cough discreetly (carefully). Hence, option (d) is the correct answer.

S10. Ans.(e)
Sol. The jury is still out on this one. The main bone of contention was the difference between mistrust and distrust. The official answer given by the IIMs to this question was option (e). 
Events are ‘historic.’ Compliment means praise. You push yourself ‘further’ and films are based on ‘true’ stories not real stories. Still leaves us grappling between distrust and mistrust—the google definitions give us that while distrust has an element of suspicion mistrust does not. Option (e) was given as the right answer. Hence, option (e) is the correct answer.

S11. Ans.(b)
Sol. You decline an invitation ‘regretfully.’ He was ‘beside’ himself. A truck is ‘stationary’ not stationery’. Paintings can have the quality of being sensuous. The water began to rise above the danger mark. Hence, option (b) is the correct answer.

S12. Ans.(b)
Sol. Answer Option B. All are incorrect. A is incorrect in Just like – it should be “just as America’s…”. B is incorrect as “India’s needs an apostrophe. C is incorrect as it should read “in the middle of the India Flag”. D is incorrect as it should read: “… how much it is diminished by…”

S13. Ans.(a)
Sol. Answer Option A. All are correct.

S14. Ans.(c)
Sol. Answer Option C. A, C and D are correct. In B, the verb should be ‘was’ as the subject is ‘the topic’.

S15. Ans.(b)
Sol. Answer Option B. C and D. A is erroneous in ‘found by’ instead of ‘founded by’. B has the incorrect plural verb ‘have’ for the singular subject company.


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