English Questions For SBI Clerk Prelims 2018 ( Coherent Paragraph/Odd sentence out )

Dear Aspirants,

English Questions For SBI Clerk Prelims 2018 (Phrase Fillers)

This section can be easy as pie if your basics are clear. Sometimes, even those who can communicate very well in English, fail to perform to the best of their ability in the banking exams. So, instead of boiling the ocean, try building up a strong vocabulary, an effective knowledge of grammar, and efficient comprehension skills so as to be on the ball to face this particular section. Here is a quiz being provided by Adda247 to let you practice the best of latest pattern English Questions.

Directions (1-5): Five statements are given below, labeled (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e). Among these, four statements are in logical order and form a coherent paragraph. From the given options, choose the option that does not fit into the theme of the paragraph.

Q1. (a)Unfortunately, it is not just the airline that is in a mess, but also the banks (including the venerable State Bank of India) that have lent to it.
(b)So they restructure debt, offer better terms, extend repayment periods, and provide more credit to keep the unit afloat.
(c)If they withdraw they invite default of the large volume of debt they have already provided.
(d) The dangers associated with restructuring was brought to public attention in the Kingfisher Airlines case, which is now facing the prospect of liquidation as a result of a combination of bad strategy, bad acquisitions, profligacy and obvious mismanagement.
(e) The largest chunk of bank debt to infrastructure (estimated at Rs. 269196 crore as of March 2011) is to the power sector.

S1. Ans. (e)
Sol. Among the given options, DACB makes a coherent paragraph which depicts the bad debts story associated with the lending, liquidation and their restructuring process, citing the Kingfisher Airlines as the perfect example. Option (e) can be easily eliminated from the given options as it talks about the bank debt to the power sector which fails to connect with any other sentences.

Q2. (a)In the rural areas, male usual (principal and subsidiary) status employment increased by only 13.4 million between 2004-05 and 2009-10, as compared with 20.2 million between 1999-2000 and 2004-05.
(b) This points to a structural shift in employment generation since most of the additional male employment generated in this age group during the 1999-2000 to 2004-05 period was in the self-employment category.
(c)The corresponding figures for the urban areas were 9.8 million and 15 million respectively.
(d)Thus there is clear evidence of deceleration here as well.
(e)To deal with the criticism that the figures on female employment are gross underestimates, and get on with the task at hand, we can restrict the analysis to movements in male employment.

S2. Ans. (b)
Sol. EACD forms a coherent paragraph as it talks about the statistical figure of comparison between the male and female employment. Option (b), which points to a structural shift in male employment in a particular age group which is missing in other given options, does not make any connection with other sentences. Hence option (b) is the correct choice. 

Q3. (a) The Survey sees the services sector, which recorded a marginal deceleration of growth in 2013-14, as poised for revival and as being an important contributor to growth in the future as well.
(b)Though India ranks low in terms of per capita income, its share of services in GDP is approaching the global average.
(c)This would imply that the relative per worker value added in services vis-à-vis the commodity producing sectors and construction, was higher in India than elsewhere.
(d)Interestingly, however, the contribution of services to employment was significantly lower than the world average.
(e)As the Economic Survey noted, while at the global level services accounted for 65.9 per cent of GDP and as much as 44 per cent of employment in 2012, in India’s case the sector, with 56.3 per cent of GDP, accounted for just 28.1 per cent of employment.

S3. Ans. (a)
Sol. The paragraph is about India’s performance in terms of per capita income in the service sector. In this regard, BDEC forms a coherent paragraph. Option (a) does not fit anywhere in the paragraph as it depicts the deceleration of growth in 2013-14. Hence option (a) is the correct choice.

Q4. (a) It may appear counter-intuitive, but research shows that imposing stricter penalties tends to reduce the level of enforcement of road rules.
(b) As the IIT Delhi’s Road Safety in India report of 2015 points out, the deterrent effect of law depends on the severity and swiftness of penalties, but also the perception that the possibility of being caught for violations is high.
(c) The amendments to the MV Act set enhanced penalties for several offences, notably drunken driving, speeding, jumping red lights and so on, but periodic and ineffective enforcement, which is the norm, makes it less likely that these will be uniformly applied.
(d) The bottleneck created by their lack of capacity has stifled regulatory reform in the transport sector and only encouraged corruption.
(e) Without an accountable and professional police force, the ghastly record of traffic fatalities, which stood at 1,46,133 in 2015, is unlikely to change.

S4. Ans. (d)
Sol. ABCE forms a coherent paragraph as it talks about the amendments in Motor Vehicles Bill. Among the given options, only sentence (d) fails to connect with any other options as it points out certain obstacle due to their lack of capacity and corruption in this field. Hence option (d) is the correct choice.

Q5. (a) Without such oversight, unethical commercial entities would have easy backdoor access to public funds in the form of state-backed insurance.
(b) But this requires accountability, both on the quality and cost of care.
(c) Against such a laggardly record, the policy now offers an opportunity to systematically rectify well-known deficiencies through a stronger National Health Mission.
(d)No more time should be lost in forming regulatory and accreditation agencies for healthcare providers at the national and State levels as suggested by the expert group on universal health coverage of the Planning Commission more than five years ago.
(e) Contracting of health services from the private sector may be inevitable in the short term, given that about 70% of all outpatient care and 60% of inpatient treatments are provided by it.

S5. Ans. (c)
Sol. Sentences in the sequence of EBDA form a coherent paragraph that talks about the existing health policies in the country and the requirement of their reforms. All options except (c) are interconnected in some or other way. However, option (c) is about a certain sluggish record in this field and the reformed policy which doesn’t get the connection with other given sentences of the paragraph. Hence option (c) is the correct choice.

Direction (6-10): Below in each question, some sentences are given,  find the sentence which is not really contributing to the main theme and OUT of the passage or find the odd sentence and rearrange the remaining sentences to make a coherent paragraph.

A. It is time that we started exposing our children to rationalism so that they can evaluate its merits and choose for themselves what to believe in. ‘Forget god, consider man’ is good advice as humanism is the only way to take mankind toward peace and progress.
B. As a nation we have been pandering to religious sentiments for too long.
C. The extra food produced by the Green Revolution is generally considered to have averted famine in India and Pakistan.
D. Right from the days of Partition, the various riots, the demolition of the Babri Majid, the Gujarat riots and beyond, the trail of violence and loss of lives and properties caused as a result of religion is too large to document. Even the father of the nation was eliminated by religious fanatics.
E. The ‘graded inequality’ among people of the same religion imposed by the caste system — and despite legislation banning it — continues to inflict unspeakable misery on a significant section of the people to this day.

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. BDEA is the correct sequence. Statement C is out of context and it does not contribute to the paragraph.

A. Today, politics in India is a no-holds-barred game, dirtier than ever and which most political leaders indulge in.
B. It is unfortunate that the healthy convention of political figures not washing domestic dirty linen in public while abroad is now dead and buried.
C. While addressing an event at the University of California, Berkeley, Congress vice-president Rahul Gandhi played the role expected of him.
D. While the BJP is up in arms over his speech and comments, one cannot but admit that the Prime Minister too has broken that convention time and again.
E. Credit partly goes to the government’s blunders that seem to have infused a new life into Mr. Gandhi’s otherwise flagging political career.
F.Once we receive payment for your judging we will take care of covering that for you, no further action is required.

S7. Ans.(b)
Sol. BACED is the correct sequence. Statement F is out of context and it does not contribute to the paragraph.

A. Chairmen and other members of the existing tribunals who are aged 70, on the date of commencement of the 2017 Amendment Act, shall cease to hold office on the expiry of three months from the date of the law coming into existence.
B. With water becoming scarce, the Centre has proposed the Inter-State River Water Disputes (Amendment) Bill, 2017 for early and amicable resolution of disputes. The Bill proposes that the Centre notify an Inter-State River Water Disputes Tribunal with multiple benches.
C. Kaveri is considered to be as sacred as the Ganga throughout its course, with the same power to wash off all one’s sins.
D. Disputes already settled by an existing tribunal, prior to the date of commencement of the 2017 Amendment Act, shall not be re-opened.
E. All existing tribunals dealing with inter-State water disputes would stand dissolved on the date of establishment of this tribunal.

S8. Ans.(c)
Sol. Statement C is out of context here.
Correct sequence is  BEAD

A. Blessed with every major ecosystem, these biomes directly contribute billions of dollars to the Indian economy, annually.
B. The financial value of India’s forests, for example, which encompass economic services such as timber and fuelwood, and ecological services such as carbon sequestration, is estimated to be $1.7 trillion.
C. Natural resources are a critical yet often ignored part of our country’s national infrastructure.
D. It is necessary that we are cognizant of the limitations of natural capital and its role as a primary support system for the economy.
E. Boasting 11% of the world’s floral and faunal species, India is one of the 17 most ecologically diverse countries.

S9. Ans.(b)
Sol. Correct sequence is CEAB.
Statement D is out of context here.

A. But such gains could have been achieved by other and less self-defeating ways. As things stand, it is unclear how many of those who have laundered their black money will be punished.
B. Despite the large amounts that were deposited in banks post-demonetisation, it is doubtful whether the Income Tax authorities have the necessary resources to track down and penalize the corrupt.
C. Explaining how the shock move would work, he said: “The... notes hoarded by anti-national and anti-social elements will become just worthless pieces of paper.”
D. True, demonetisation has had some beneficial spin-offs such as arguably fostering greater compliance with the tax laws and reducing the economy’s reliance on cash through increased adoption of digital payments.
E. All in all, the costs of demonetisation, which has resulted in robbing the country of its economic momentum, are far greater than the benefits it has bestowed.

S10. Ans.(c)
Sol. The correct sequence is DABE. Statement C is out of context.