Reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. Practice with these new pattern reasoning question for NICL AO Mains Exam.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

There are eight members A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H in a family, all are seated in row and facing to north (but not necessarily in the same order). Among them only two are married couple, there are only 3 male members in family.

Sister of C sits 3rd to left end of the row and both are immediate neighbor of each other. A is married to D’s grandmother. Brother of G sits 2nd left of his grandmother. F is son of A.Wife of A sits extreme right end of the row. G sits 2th right of E. B is mother of F. D sits immediately between her grandmother and her father’s only son. D is sister of G and H. A sits 2nd left of F’s sister-in-law. G is daughter of C. C is daughter-in-law of B. F sits immediate right of E.

Q1. Which of the following is son of E’s brother-in-law?
(a) H
(b) G
(c) D
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) None of these

Q2. Which of the following is F’s position with respect to B?
(a) 3rd to the right
(b) 2nd to the left
(c) 4th to the left
(d) CND
(e) None of these

Q3. Which of the following is the combination of male members in the family?
(a) AFH
(b) AFC
(c) FHG
(d) HAC
(e) Cannot be determined

Q4. Which of the following is true regarding blood relation?
(a) D is daughter of A
(b) H is brother of G
(c) No one is true
(d) E is wife of F
(e) F has two sons

Q5. Which of the following is A's position with respect to E?
(a) Second to the left
(b) Second to the right
(c) Third to the left
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) None of these

Solutions (1-5):

S1. Ans.(a)
S2. Ans.(c)
S3. Ans.(a)
S4. Ans.(b)
S5. Ans.(a)

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions. In a certain code language:-
“Ours country India” is written as ‘@80X %18R \$37L’
“Great place Jaipur” is written as ‘%31K @44Q %45T’
“Golden temple Amritsar” is written as ‘@61G @88Z @37T’

Q6. “Math” will be coded as?
(a) \$41N
(b) \$41M
(c) @41N
(d) @N41
(e) None of these

Q7. “Aadhaar Card” will be coded as?
(a) None of these
(b) @30Z \$ 25X
(c) @Z30 \$25X
(d) @X30 \$24V
(e) @X34  \$67X

Q8. What is the code for “Action”?
(a) @36A
(b) @Z37
(c) @37Z
(d) %37Z
(e) None of these

Q9. Which will be the code for ‘Moon’?
(a) %27N
(b) @N27
(c) @27N
(d) \$27N
(e) None of these

Q10. What is the code of ‘Hello’?
(a) @32s
(b) \$32H
(c) \$31S
(d) \$S32
(e) None of these

Solutions (6-10):

S6. Ans. (a)
Sol. This is question of Coding-Decoding based on new pattern. In these questions following logic's are applied to decode the code:-
1st letter of the code:- If total number of letters in the word are 5 then  special character  - % is used in stating of code.
If total number of letters in the word are less than 5 then special character -\$ is used in stating of code.
But If total number of letters in the word are greater than 5 then special character -@ is used in stating of code.
2nd letter of the code:- Addition of place value of  all the consonants present in the word.
3rd letter of the code:- Opposite of 1st letter of the word.

S7. Ans. (b)
Sol. This is question of Coding-Decoding based on new pattern. In these questions following logic's are applied to decode the code:-
1st letter of the code:- If total number of letters in the word are 5 then  special character  - % is used in stating of code.
If total number of letters in the word are less than 5 then special character -\$ is used in stating of code.
But If total number of letters in the word are greater than 5 then special character -@ is used in stating of code.
2nd letter of the code:- Addition of place value of  all the consonants present in the word.
3rd letter of the code:- Opposite of 1st letter of the word.

S8. Ans. (c)
Sol. This is question of Coding-Decoding based on new pattern. In these questions following logic's are applied to decode the code:-
1st letter of the code:- If total number of letters in the word are 5 then  special character  - % is used in stating of code.
If total number of letters in the word are less than 5 then special character -\$ is used in stating of code.
But If total number of letters in the word are greater than 5 then special character -@ is used in stating of code.
2nd letter of the code:- Addition of place value of  all the consonants present in the word.
3rd letter of the code:- Opposite of 1st letter of the word.

S9. Ans. (d)
Sol. This is question of Coding-Decoding based on new pattern. In these questions following logic's are applied to decode the code:-
1st letter of the code:- If total number of letters in the word are 5 then  special character  - % is used in stating of code.
If total number of letters in the word are less than 5 then special character -\$ is used in stating of code.
But If total number of letters in the word are greater than 5 then special character -@ is used in stating of code.
2nd letter of the code:- Addition of place value of  all the consonants present in the word.
3rd letter of the code:- Opposite of 1st letter of the word.

S10. Ans. (e)
Sol. This is question of Coding-Decoding based on new pattern. In these questions following logic's are applied to decode the code:-
1st letter of the code:- If total number of letters in the word are 5 then  special character  - % is used in stating of code.
If total number of letters in the word are less than 5 then special character -\$ is used in stating of code.
But If total number of letters in the word are greater than 5 then special character -@ is used in stating of code.
2nd letter of the code:- Addition of place value of  all the consonants present in the word.
3rd letter of the code:- Opposite of 1st letter of the word.

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.

Input :18 quora 26 diagnose 89 maths 27
Step 1: Quora 26 diagnose 89 maths 27 18
Step 2: Quora diagnose 26 89 maths 18 27
Step 3: Quora diagnose maths 89 18 27 26
Step 4: Quora diagnose maths 18 27 26 89
Step 5: 18 9 32 320 725 672 7917

And step 5 is the last step of the above input. As per the rules followed in the above step, find out the appropriate step for the given output.

INPUT: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel 19 jungle 26

Q11. Which element is exactly between the fourth from left and third from right in step 4?
(a) 79
(b) 26
(c) 38
(d) 19
(e) None of these

Q12. Which step number would be the following output?
“Queen jungle vowel 79 apple 19 38 26”
(a) Step III
(b) Step IV
(c) Step I
(d) Step II
(e) None of the Above

Q13.  What is the position of ‘apple’ in the step 3?
(a) Seventh from the right
(b) Sixth from the left
(c) Fourth from the right
(d) Fourth from the left
(e) None of these

Q14. In step 2, what is the sum of 3rd element and 6th element from left end?
(a) 106
(b) 105
(c) 100
(d) 104
(e) None of these

Q15. Which of the following would be at the third position from the left end in step 4?
(a) Apple
(b) 79
(c) vowel
(d) 26
(e) None of these

Solutions (11-15):

S11. Ans.(d)
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that
The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place values of all the vowels present in the word. (For example: queen= 21+5+5= 31).
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order, according to difference of their digits. (For example: 38 = 8-3=5).

In the last operation, for all words, place values of the first and last letter of the word in the alphabetical series are added. (For example: Queen -17+14= 31). For all numbers, the square of the number and then subtract 4 from its square. (For example: 19 = 361-4=357)

INPUT: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel 19 jungle 26
Step 1: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel jungle 26 19
Step 2: Queen jungle 79 apple vowel 26 19 38
Step 3: Queen jungle vowel 79 apple 19 38 26
Step 4: Queen jungle vowel apple 19 38 26 79
Step 5: 31 15 34 6 357 1440 672 6237

S12. Ans.(a)
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that
The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place values of all the vowels present in the word. (For example: queen= 21+5+5= 31).
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order, according to difference of their digits. (For example: 38 = 8-3=5).

In the last operation, for all words, place values of the first and last letter of the word in the alphabetical series are added. (For example: Queen -17+14= 31). For all numbers, the square of the number and then subtract 4 from its square. (For example: 19 = 361-4=357)

INPUT: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel 19 jungle 26
Step 1: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel jungle 26 19
Step 2: Queen jungle 79 apple vowel 26 19 38
Step 3: Queen jungle vowel 79 apple 19 38 26
Step 4: Queen jungle vowel apple 19 38 26 79
Step 5: 31 15 34 6 357 1440 672 6237

S13. Ans.(c)
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that
The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place values of all the vowels present in the word. (For example: queen= 21+5+5= 31).
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order, according to difference of their digits. (For example: 38 = 8-3=5).

In the last operation, for all words, place values of the first and last letter of the word in the alphabetical series are added. (For example: Queen -17+14= 31). For all numbers, the square of the number and then subtract 4 from its square. (For example: 19 = 361-4=357)

INPUT: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel 19 jungle 26
Step 1: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel jungle 26 19
Step 2: Queen jungle 79 apple vowel 26 19 38
Step 3: Queen jungle vowel 79 apple 19 38 26
Step 4: Queen jungle vowel apple 19 38 26 79
Step 5: 31 15 34 6 357 1440 672 6237

S14. Ans.(b)
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that
The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place values of all the vowels present in the word. (For example: queen= 21+5+5= 31).
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order, according to difference of their digits. (For example: 38 = 8-3=5).

In the last operation, for all words, place values of the first and last letter of the word in the alphabetical series are added. (For example: Queen -17+14= 31). For all numbers, the square of the number and then subtract 4 from its square. (For example: 19 = 361-4=357)

INPUT: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel 19 jungle 26
Step 1: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel jungle 26 19
Step 2: Queen jungle 79 apple vowel 26 19 38
Step 3: Queen jungle vowel 79 apple 19 38 26
Step 4: Queen jungle vowel apple 19 38 26 79
Step 5: 31 15 34 6 357 1440 672 6237

S15. Ans.(c)
Sol. Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that
The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to addition of place values of all the vowels present in the word. (For example: queen= 21+5+5= 31).
(ii) Numbers are arranged in decreasing order, according to difference of their digits. (For example: 38 = 8-3=5).

In the last operation, for all words, place values of the first and last letter of the word in the alphabetical series are added. (For example: Queen -17+14= 31). For all numbers, the square of the number and then subtract 4 from its square. (For example: 19 = 361-4=357)

INPUT: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel 19 jungle 26
Step 1: Queen 79 apple 38 vowel jungle 26 19
Step 2: Queen jungle 79 apple vowel 26 19 38
Step 3: Queen jungle vowel 79 apple 19 38 26
Step 4: Queen jungle vowel apple 19 38 26 79
Step 5: 31 15 34 6 357 1440 672 6237

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