Night Class: English Quiz(Reading Comprehension) for RRB PO 2017

Dear Students,

English Questions For IBPS RRB PO Exam 2017

English Section is a topic that is feared by most of the candidates appearing in the IBPS RRB Mains Exam. Through the concept of Night classes, we are providing you all types of high-level questions to ace English Section of banking exams.

Directions (1-15): Read the following passage carefully and answer the following questions given below it.

Paragraph 1. Though the U.S. prides itself on being a leader in the world community, a recent report shows that it lags far behind other industrialized countries in meeting the needs of its youngest and most vulnerable citizens. The U.S. has a higher infant mortality-rate, a higher proportion of low birth-weight babies, a smaller proportion of babies immunized against childhood diseases and a much higher rate of adolescent pregnancies.
Paragraph 2. These findings, described as a ‘quiet crisis’ requiring immediate and far-reaching action, appeared in a report prepared by a task force of educators, doctors, politicians and business people. According to the report, a fourth of the nation’s 12 million infants and toddlers live in poverty. As many as half confront risk factors that could harm their ability to develop intellectually, physically and socially. Child immunizations are too low, more children are born into poverty, more are in substandard care while their parents work and more are being raised by single parents. When taken together, these and other risk factors can lead to educational and health problems that are much harder and more costly to reverse.
Paragraph 3. The crisis begins in the womb with unplanned parenthood. Women with unplanned pregnancies are less likely to seek prenatal care. In the U.S. 80% of teenage pregnancies and 56% of all pregnancies are unplanned. The problems continue after birth where unplanned pregnancies and unstable partnerships often go hand in hand. Since 1950, the number of single parent families has nearly tripled. More than 25 percent of all births today are to unmarried mothers. As the number of single parent families grows and more women enter the work force, infants and toddlers are increasingly in the care of people other than their parents.
Paragraph 4. Most disturbingly, recent statistics show that American parents are increasingly neglecting or abusing their children. In only four years from 1987-1991, the number of children in foster care increased by over 50 percent. Babies under the age of one are the fastest growing category of children entering foster care. The crisis affects children under the age of three most severely, the report says. Yet, it is this period-from infancy through pre-school years-that sets the stage for a child’s future.

Q1. The main focus of the passage is on the plight of
(a) Orphaned children
(b) teenage mothers
(c) low birth weight babies
(d) unwed mothers
(e) None of these

S1. Ans.(c)
Sol. Low birth weight babies

Q2. Children falling in which age-group are most severely affected by the ‘quiet crisis’?
(a) Below one year
(b) Below three years
(c) Between two and three years
(d) Between one and three years
(e) None of these

S2. Ans.(b)
Sol. Below three years (Refer paragraph 4)

Q3. Which of the following does not constitute the ‘quiet crisis’ in the U.S. as per the report?
(a) Lower proportion of new born babies with normal weight
(b) Higher incidence of adolescent girls becoming mothers
(c) Lower rate of babies surviving childhood diseases
(d) Larger proportion of babies who are deprived of immunization
(e) Increasing cases of teenage couples getting divorced

S3. Ans.(e)
Sol. Increasing cases of teenage couples getting divorced (Refer paragraph 2)

Q4. Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage?
(a) The number of single parent families today is approximately three times more than four decades ago
(b) The number of children in the U.S. entering foster care has decreased after 1991
(c) In the U.S., the number of infants living in poverty is about 3 million
(d) Only 20 percent of all the pregnancies in the U.S. are planned
(e) About 6 million infants in the U.S. are likely to develop educational and health problems

S4. Ans.(b)
Sol. The number of children in the U.S. entering foster care has decreased after 1991

Q5. The number of children born to married mothers in the U.S. is approximately how many times the number of children born to unwed mothers?
(a) 1.5 times
(b) 2 times
(c) 3 times
(d) 3.5 times
(e) Not mentioned in the passage

S5. Ans.(c)
Sol.3 times

Q6. Children born out of unplanned pregnancies are highly vulnerable because
(a) they are raised by single parents
(b) their parents are mostly poor
(c) they are mostly malnourished
(d) they are less likely to receive prenatal care
(e) their parents are emotionally immature

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol. they are less likely to receive prenatal care ( Refer Para 3)

Q7. Decide which of the following factors is/are responsible for the physical, intellectual and social underdevelopment of infants in the U.S.?
A. Illiteracy of parents
B. Lack of parental care
C. Poverty
(a) Only A
(b) Only B
(c) Only C
(d) Both A and C
(e) Both B and C

S7. Ans.(e)
Sol. Both B and C

Q8. An increasing number of infants in the U.S. are in foster care on account of
(a) an increasing number of single parent families with the female member working.
(b) an increasing number of women maintaining the status of unwed motherhood and becoming economically independent.
(c) an increasing number of employed couples who are required to stay apart.
(d) an increasing number of women getting divorced and abandoning their babies.
(e) an increasing number of parents who lack awareness about baby-care.

S8. Ans.(a)
Sol. an increasing number of single parent families with the female member working.

Q9. The task force report seems to be based on the data pertaining to the period
(a) 1987-91
(b) 1950 onwards till date
(c) 1987 onwards till date
(d) 1950-91
(e) 1991 onwards till date

S9. Ans.(d)
Sol. 1950-91

Directions Choose the word which is most nearly the same in meaning as the given word as used in the passage.

Q10. Confront
(a) face
(b) tolerate
(c) succumb
(d) eliminate
(e) oppose

S10. Ans.(a)
Sol. Confront-come face to face with (someone) with hostile or argumentative intent.
succumb-fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.

Q11. Vulnerable
(a) insecure
(b) indispensable
(c) risky
(d) promising
(e) delicate

S11. Ans.(e)
Sol. vulnerable-in exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.
indispensable-absolutely necessary.

Q12. Abusing
(a) cursing
(b) beating
(c) Ill treating
(d) accusing
(e) oppressing

S12. Ans.(c)
Sol. abusing-use (something) to bad effect or for a bad purpose; misuse.
accusing-(of an expression, gesture, or tone of voice) indicating a belief in someone's guilt or culpability.

Directions: Choose the word which is most opposite in meaning to the given word as used in the passage.

Q13. Severely
(a) drastically
(b) intensely
(c) minutely
(d) normally
(e) gently

S13. Ans.(e)
Sol. gently

Q14. Unstable
(a) changing
(b) steady
(c) stagnant
(d) confined
(e) constant

S14. Ans.(b)
Sol. steady

Q15. Substandard
(a) impoverished
(b) compassionate
(c) excellent
(d) beneficial
(e) valuable

S15. Ans.(d)
Sol. beneficial

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