The reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. And for same we are providing you questions of Reasoning Question and Answers. Solve these to Practice latest pattern reasoning question for bank exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the given information and answer the questions:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of an input and rearrangement.
Input:   23 walking 19 our 15 streets 16 match point 13
Step I:    streets 23 walking our 15 16 match point 13 19
Step II:  point streets 23 walking our 15 match 13 19 16
Step III: walking point streets our 15 match 13 19 16 23
Step IV: match walking point streets our 15 19 16 23 13
Step V:  our match walking point streets 19 16 23 13 15

And Step V is the last step of the rearrangement of the above input.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input: 6 price wholesale 13 inflation falls 16 moderates 9 23

SOLUTION

Solution (1-5): In every step, there are both word and number are shifting.Words are arranged left to right, while number are arranged from right to left.
For words → In each word we have to see the middle letter of word. Like in word ‘streets’ ‘E’ is the middle letter. And in word ‘point’, I is the middle word and so on. And then we have to take smallest middle word first arranged to left and this process is continue in further step.
For numbers→  The word which is shifted to left in each step, we have to see that word. Like in first step ‘streets’ word arranged in left. In word ‘streets’ first word is ‘S’. And numerical value of ‘S’ is 19 according to English alphabet. Then 19 is shifted to right in first step. And this process is continuing in further step.

Input:  6 price wholesale 13 inflation falls 16 moderates 9 23
Step I:    inflation 6 price wholesale 13 falls 16 moderates 23 9
Step II:  wholesale inflation 6 price 13 falls 16 moderates 9 23
Step III: price wholesale inflation 6 13 falls moderates 9 23 16
Step IV: falls price wholesale inflation 13 moderates 9 23 16 6

Step V:  moderates falls price wholesale inflation 9 23 16 6 13

Q1. Which of the following would be the step 3rd after arrangement?
(a)  wholesale price inflation 6 13 falls moderates 9 23 16
(b) price wholesale inflation 6 13 falls moderates  23 16 9
(c) price wholesale inflation 6 13 falls moderates 9 16 23
(d) price wholesale inflation 6 13 falls moderates 9 23 16
(e) None of these

S1. Ans.(d)
Sol. price wholesale inflation 6 13 falls moderates 9 23 16

Q2. In step III, which of the following words would be at 6th position from the left end?
(a) moderates
(b) 13
(c)  6
(d) falls
(e) None of these

S2. Ans.(d)
Sol. falls

Q3. In step IV, which of the following words would be at 3rd position to the left of 8th from the left end?
(a) wholesale
(b) moderates
(c) inflation
(d) 13
(e) None of these

S3. Ans.(d)

Sol.13

Q4. In step III, ‘6’ is related to ‘falls’ and ‘13’ is related to ‘moderates’. In the same way ‘9’ is related to?
(a) 16
(b) wholesale
(c) Price
(d) moderates
(e) 23

S4. Ans.(a)
Sol. 16

Q5. In which step the elements ‘6 price 13’ found in the same order?
(a) StepI
(b) StepII
(c) StepIII
(d) StepIV
(e)None of these

S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. StepII

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.
Seven cricket players viz. P, Q, R, S, T, V and W played in seven different matches in a week starting from Monday and ending on Sunday. Some of them are bowlers and some of them are batsman. Their Run/Wickets in the seven matches are – 50, 5, 4, 16, 8, 4 and 25. No bowler can take more than 10 wickets.
V plays on Thursday. Two matches are played between the matches played by player V and player P. On the first day of the week, the batsman scored half century played in the match.
The sum of Runs/Wickets of the player W and Q is equaled to the Runs/Wickets of S. All the bowlers should be preceded and succeeded by batsman and T is the only bowler which cannot be succeeded by any one. P is the only batsman which is followed by another batsman.
Only one match is played between the matches played by the player T and S. The score of the batsman who played the match on Thursday is the perfect square of the score of the player who played on Saturday.
The match played by T is not played on the day immediately before or immediately after the day when the match of player V is played. The match played by R is played on the day immediately before the day when the match of player W is played. Match played by S is not played after the match of player Q.

Days

Player

Role

Runs/Wickets

Monday

P

Batsman

50

Tuesday

R

Batsman

25

Wednesday

W

Bowler

4

Thursday

V

Batsman

16

Friday

S

Bowler

8

Saturday

Q

Batsman

4

Sunday

T

Bowler

5

Q6. As per the given arrangement which of the following combination represents only the people who are bowlers?.
(a)  T, V
(b)  Q, P, T
(c)  V, W, R
(d)  P, T
(e)  W, T, S

S6. Ans.(e)

Q7. As per the given arrangement which of the following person represent the one who was played in between the W and S?
(a)  U
(b)  P
(c)  R
(d)  V
(e)  W

S7. Ans.(d)

Q8. Who among the following takes 8 wicket ?
(a)  T
(b)  W
(c)  S
(d)  Q
(e)  None of these

S8. Ans.(c)

Q9. Which of the following combinations is correct as per the given arrangement?
(a)  Monday – P
(b)  Tuesday – W
(c)  Wednesday – Q
(d)  Thursday – S
(e)  Friday – T

S9. Ans.(a)

Q10. Who amongst the following scored half century?
(a)  P
(b)  V
(c)  U
(d)  W
(e)  T

S10. Ans.(a)

Directions (11-13): Question consists of five statements followed by five conclusions. Consider the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions does not logically follow from the given statements using all statements together.

Q11. Statements: Some sky are blue. All blue are air. No Air is earth. Some earth is result. All result is exam.
Conclusions:  (a) Some sky is not earth.
(b)Some blue is not earth.
(c) Some earth are exam.
(d) All sky being earth is a possibility.
(e) All earth being exam is a possibility.

S11. Ans.(d)

Q12. Statements: Some paint is pink. Some pink is black. All black is violet. Some violet is brown. All brown is red.
Conclusions:  (a) All paint being violet is a possibility.
(b) All pink being red is a possibility.
(c) Some pink is violet.
(d) Some violet is red.
(e) Some paint is red.

Q13. Statements: Some boy is cute. All cute is good. Some good is best. No best is excellent. All excellent is selected.
Conclusions:  (a) All boy being best is a possibility.
(b) Some good is not excellent.
(c) All best being selected is a possibility.
(d) All cute being best is a possibility.
(e) Some boy is best.

Directions (14-15): In each group of questions below are two conclusions followed by five set of statements. You have to choose the correct set of statements that logically satisfies given conclusions. Given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts.

Q14. Conclusions:
All tree are forest.
Some forest are not Green.
Statements:
Statements I: Some tree are air. Some air are forest. No Green is air
Statements II: All forest are air. Some air are tree. No Green is air
Statements III: All tree are air. Some air are forest. Some Green are forest
Statements IV: All tree are air. All air are forest. No Green is air
Statements V: All tree are air. All air are forest. Some Green are forest
(a) Only Statements I
(b) Only Statements II
(c) Only Statements III
(d) Only Statements IV
(e) Only Statements V

Q15. Conclusions:
Some sliver  are bright
At least some metal are gold
Statements:
Statements I: Some gold are metal. Some metal are bright. Some bright are sliver
Statements II: Some gold are bright. Some bright are metal. Some metal are sliver
Statements III: All gold are metal. Some metal are bright. No bright is sliver
Statements IV: All gold are metal. All metal are bright. No bright is sliver.
Statements V: Some gold are metal. Some metal are bright. No bright is sliver.
(a) Only Statements I
(b) Only Statements II
(c) Only Statements III
(d) Only Statements IV
(e) Only Statements V

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