The reasoning is a game of wits and presence of mind! Yes, it is true and it might seem as the greatest of the challenge after English Section’s surprises but yet this one can easily be dealt with. You just need correct practice and hardwire your brain to quickly make decisions of what to attempt and what to leave. And for same we are providing you questions of Reasoning Question and Answers. Solve these to Practice latest pattern reasoning question for bank exams.

Directions (1-5): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes
(d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes
(e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common causes

Q1.
(A) The government is considering the possibility of involving private sector companies in highway construction projects.
(B) The implementation of many highway projects undertaken by government agencies is behind schedule in various states.

S1. Ans.(b)
Sol. Statement (B) is the cause while (A) is its effect.

Q2.
(A) Majority of three students left the local school as the school building was in a dilapidated condition.
(B) The school authority decided to close down the school immediately and shift the remaining students to a make-shift school.

S2. Ans.(a)
Sol. Statement (A) is the cause while (B) is its effect.

Q3.
(A) All the airlines companies in India have increased the airfares in all routes with immediate effect.
(B) There has been a substantial reduction in aviation fuel prices in India during the past few weeks.

S3. Ans.(d)
Sol. Both statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Q4.
(A) The residents reported of increased criminal activities in the area to the local police station.
(B) Many criminals were arrested by searching the residence of the suspected individuals.

S4. Ans.(a)
Sol. Statement (A) is the cause while (B) is its effect.

Q5.
(A) Government has awarded a high stake reward scheme for such persons who may provide any information about the suspect.
(B) Four members of a family were brutally murdered by unidentified gunmen.

S5. Ans.(b)
Sol. Statement (B) is the cause while (A) is its effect.

Directions (6-10): Given an input line the machine arranges the words and numbers in steps in a systematic manner as illustrated below.

Input: 56 dress fine shine 32 66 72 offer
Step I: 72 56 dress fine shine 32 66 offer
Step II: 72 shine 56 dress fine 32 66 offer
Step III: 72 shine 66 56 dress fine 32 offer
Step IV: 72 shine 66 offer 56 dress fine 32
Step V: 72 shine 66 offer 56 fine dress 32
Step VI: 72 shine 66 offer 56 fine 32 dress
Step VI is the last stop and the output in step VI is the final output.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Q6. Step IV of an input is 62 sound 56 sleep roam present 33 49. What will be the input definitely?
(a) sound 62 sleep 56 roam present 33 49
(b) sleep sound 62 56 roam present 33 49
(c) 62 sound sleep 56 roam present 33 49
(d) Cannot be determined
(e) None of the above

Q7. Which of the following will be the third step for input jockey firm 36 43 growth chart 22 45?
(a) 45 jockey 43 growth firm 36 chart 22
(b) 45 jockey 43 firm growth 36 chart 22
(c) 45 jockey 43 growth 36 firm chart 22
(d) 45 jockey 43 firm 36 growth chart 22
(e) None of the above

Q8. Step II of an input is 53 window 42 50 door lock key 36. How many more steps will be required to complete the arrangement?
(a) Three
(b) Four
(c) Five
(d) Six
(e) None of these

Q9. What will be the fifth step of an input whose first step is 85 journey train 36 54 daily 28 mansion?
(a) 85 train 54 mansion 28 journey daily 36
(b) 85 train 54 mansion journey 36 daily 28
(c) 85 train 54 mansion 36 journey daily 28
(d) there is no such step
(e) None of the above

Q10. Which step will be the last step for an input whose second step is 63 sour 18 56 grapes healthy 32 rise?
(a) IV
(b) V
(c) VIII
(d) VII
(e) None of these

Solutions (6-10): Numbers follow an increasing order and words follow the reverse of the alphabet.

S6. Ans.(d)
Sol.Input cannot be determined.

S7. Ans.(a)
Sol.Input jockey firm 36 43 growth chart 22 45
Step I 45 jockey firm 36 43 growth chart 22
Step II 45 jockey 43 firm 36 growth chart 22
Step III 45 jockey 43 growth firm 36 chart 22

S8. Ans.(b)
Sol. Step II 53 window 42 50 door lock key 36
Step III 53 window 50 42 door lock key 36
Step IV 53 window 50 lock 42 door key 36
Step V 53 window 50 lock 42 key door 36
Step VI 53 window 50 lock 42 key 36 door
So, the step VI is the last step of the arrangement.

S9. Ans.(c)
Sol.Step I 85 journey train 36 54 daily 28 mansion
Step II 85 train journey 36 54 daily 28 mansion
Step III 85 train 54 journey 36 daily 28 mansion
Step IV 85 train 54 mansion journey 36 daily 28
Step V 85 train 54 mansion 36 journey daily 28

S10. Ans.(e)
Sol.Step II 63 sour 18 56 grapes healthy 32 rise
Step III 63 sour 56 18 grapes healthy 32 rise
Step IV 63 sour 56 rise 18 grapes healthy 32
Step V 63 sour 56 rise 32 18 grapes healthy
Step VI 63 sour 56 rise 32 healthy 18 grapes
So, the last step is step VI.

Directions (11-15): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Seven friends A, B, C, D, E, F and G are sitting around a circular table in whichs ome of them are facing towards the centre while some are facing opposite to the center of the table. Each one of them belongs to a different department viz. Finance, marketing, sales, HR, corporate finance, investment banking and operations but not necessarily in the same order.
C sits third to the right of G. G faces the centre. Only one person sits between C and the person working in the HR department. Immediate neighbours of C face outside. Only one person sits between F and D. Both F and D face the centre. D does not work in HR department. A works in the investment banking department. A faces the centre. Two people sit between the persons, who work in investment banking and marketing departments. The person, who works in corporate finance sits to the immediate left of E. C faces the same direction as E. The person, who works for sales department sits to the immediate left of the person, who works for operations department.

Q11. For which of the following departments does B work?
(a) Finance
(b) Marketing
(c) HR
(d) Corporate Finance
(e) Operations

S11. Ans.(a)
Sol.

Q12. What is the position of B with respect to the person, who works for sales department?
(a) Immediate right
(b) Third to the left
(c) Second to the right
(d) Second to the left
(e) Fourth to the right

S12. Ans.(d)
Sol.

Q13. Who sits to the immediate right of E?
(a) The person who works for the marketing department.
(b) C
(c) B
(d) The persons who works for HR department.
(e) A

S13. Ans.(d)
Sol.

Q14. Who amongst the following sits exactly between C and the person who works for HR department?
(a) B
(b) The person who works for the marketing department.
(c) The person who works for operations department.
(d) D
(e) G

S14. Ans.(b)
Sol.

Q15. Who amongst the following sit between the persons, who work for marketing and investment banking departments, when counted for the left-hand side of the person working for the marketing department?
(a) F and G
(b) E and C
(c) C and B
(d) F and D
(e) B and D

S15. Ans.(c)
Sol.

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