Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Questions for NIACL ASSISTANT 2018

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming exams like NIACL ASSISTANT is to practice continuously with all your heart and soul. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the study plan and the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Direction (1-5): The following questions are based on the five three digit numbers given below:

472     549     659     437     645

Q1. If in each number, all the three digits are arranged in ascending order within the number, which of the following will be the second highest number?
472
645
437
549
659
Solution:
After arrangement numbers are:
247, 459, 569, 347, 456
Second highest is 459 i.e. 549

Q2. If last two digits are inter changed in each number and after that 2 is subtracted from the first digit, which number will be highest?
472
549
659
437
645
Solution:
Numbers: 472   549   659   437   645
Interchange last two digits: 427   594   695   473   654
Subtract two from first digit: 227  394  495  273  454
Highest number is 495 i.e. 659

Q3. If the position of first and third digits of the numbers are interchanged, in how many numbers thus formed with the last digit be a perfect square?
None
Three
More than three
One
Two

Q4. What will be result if first digit of second highest number and third digit of second lowest number are multiplied?
12
42
10
36
24
Solution:
First digit of second highest number is '6' and third digit of second lowest number is “2”.
their product = 6 × 2 = 12

Q5. If in each number, all the three digits are added, the total of which of the following numbers will be the second highest?
472
549
659
437
645
Solution:
On addition resulted are 13 18 20 14 15
Second highest is 18 i.e. 549.

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answers the questions given below:

Eight Indian army soldiers viz. L, M, N, O, P, Q, R and S are sitting in a straight line facing north. They are meeting at the training camp. They are from different regiments viz. Kumaon, Assam, Bihar, Jat, Gorkha, Dogra, Rajput and Punjab but not necessarily in the same order. Q sits third to the right of the person who is from Gorkha regiment. The person who is from Punjab regiment sits second to the right of Q. L and M are immediate neighbors of each other. Neither L nor M is an immediate neighbor of Q.R sits third to the right of the person who is from Kumaon regiment. Neither L nor M is from Kumaon regiment and Jat regiment. The one who is from Rajput regiment sits third to the right of M. The person who is from Assam regiment sits to the immediate left of S. Only one person sits between M and O. N sits second to the left of the one who is from Rajput regiment. Q does not belong to Rajput regiment. L sits at one of the extreme end. M does not belong to Bihar regiment.

Q6. R belongs to which of the following regiment?
Jat
Dogra
Rajput
Assam
Bihar
Solution:
i. It is given that Q sits third to the right of the person who is from Gorkha regiment. The person who is from Punjab regiment sits second to the right of Q. L and M are immediate neighbors of each other. Neither L nor M is an immediate neighbor of Q. The one who is from Rajput regiment sits third to the right of M. N sits second to the left of the one who is from Rajput regiment. Q does not belong to Rajput regiment. L sits at one of the extreme end .So there can be two possibilities-

ii- Only one person sits between M and O so Case 2 will be eliminated. R sits third to the right of the person who is from Kumaon regiment. The person who is from Assam regiment sits to the immediate left of S. Neither L nor M is from Kumaon regiment or Jat regiment. M does not belong to Bihar regiment. So the final arrangement is-

Q7. Who amongst the following sits exactly between M and O?
The person who is from Gorkha regiment.
The person who is from Kumaon regiment.
S
L
The person who is from Punjab regiment.
Solution:
i. It is given that Q sits third to the right of the person who is from Gorkha regiment. The person who is from Punjab regiment sits second to the right of Q. L and M are immediate neighbors of each other. Neither L nor M is an immediate neighbor of Q. The one who is from Rajput regiment sits third to the right of M. N sits second to the left of the one who is from Rajput regiment. Q does not belong to Rajput regiment. L sits at one of the extreme end .So there can be two possibilities-

ii- Only one person sits between M and O so Case 2 will be eliminated. R sits third to the right of the person who is from Kumaon regiment. The person who is from Assam regiment sits to the immediate left of S. Neither L nor M is from Kumaon regiment or Jat regiment. M does not belong to Bihar regiment. So the final arrangement is-

Q8. 'R' is related to 'Rajput regiment' in a certain way based on the above arrangement. 'O' is related to 'Dogra regiment' following the same pattern. How is related to 'Gorkha regiment' following the same pattern?
P
Q
L
S
N
Solution:
i. It is given that Q sits third to the right of the person who is from Gorkha regiment. The person who is from Punjab regiment sits second to the right of Q. L and M are immediate neighbors of each other. Neither L nor M is an immediate neighbor of Q. The one who is from Rajput regiment sits third to the right of M. N sits second to the left of the one who is from Rajput regiment. Q does not belong to Rajput regiment. L sits at one of the extreme end .So there can be two possibilities-

ii- Only one person sits between M and O so Case 2 will be eliminated. R sits third to the right of the person who is from Kumaon regiment. The person who is from Assam regiment sits to the immediate left of S. Neither L nor M is from Kumaon regiment or Jat regiment. M does not belong to Bihar regiment. So the final arrangement is-

Q9. Which of the following is true regarding S?
Only two people sit to the left of S
S is sitting third to the right of the person who is from Rajput regiment
M and O are immediate neighbors of S
S is from Gorkha regiment.
None of these
Solution:
i. It is given that Q sits third to the right of the person who is from Gorkha regiment. The person who is from Punjab regiment sits second to the right of Q. L and M are immediate neighbors of each other. Neither L nor M is an immediate neighbor of Q. The one who is from Rajput regiment sits third to the right of M. N sits second to the left of the one who is from Rajput regiment. Q does not belong to Rajput regiment. L sits at one of the extreme end .So there can be two possibilities-

ii- Only one person sits between M and O so Case 2 will be eliminated. R sits third to the right of the person who is from Kumaon regiment. The person who is from Assam regiment sits to the immediate left of S. Neither L nor M is from Kumaon regiment or Jat regiment. M does not belong to Bihar regiment. So the final arrangement is-

Q10. Who amongst the following is from Dogra regiment?
P
M
Q
S
N
Solution:
i. It is given that Q sits third to the right of the person who is from Gorkha regiment. The person who is from Punjab regiment sits second to the right of Q. L and M are immediate neighbors of each other. Neither L nor M is an immediate neighbor of Q. The one who is from Rajput regiment sits third to the right of M. N sits second to the left of the one who is from Rajput regiment. Q does not belong to Rajput regiment. L sits at one of the extreme end .So there can be two possibilities-

ii- Only one person sits between M and O so Case 2 will be eliminated. R sits third to the right of the person who is from Kumaon regiment. The person who is from Assam regiment sits to the immediate left of S. Neither L nor M is from Kumaon regiment or Jat regiment. M does not belong to Bihar regiment. So the final arrangement is-

Directions (11-15): In these questions, relationships between elements are shown in the statements.

If only conclusion I follows.
If only conclusion II follows.
If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
If both conclusions I and II follow.
Solution:

If only conclusion I follows.
If only conclusion II follows.
If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
If both conclusions I and II follow.
Solution:

If only conclusion I follows.
If only conclusion II follows.
If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
If both conclusions I and II follow.
Solution:

If only conclusion I follows.
If only conclusion II follows.
If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
If both conclusions I and II follow.
Solution:

If only conclusion I follows.
If only conclusion II follows.
If either conclusion I or conclusion II follows.
If neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
If both conclusions I and II follow.
Solution:

You may also like to read: