Dear Aspirants,

Reasoning Questions for IBPS PO 2018

Reasoning Ability is an onerous section. With the increasing complexity of questions, it becomes hard for one to give it the cold shoulder. The only way to make the grade in this particular section in the forthcoming banking exams like IBPS PO is to practice continuously with all your heart and soul. And, to let you practice with the best of the latest pattern questions, here is the Adda247 Reasoning Quiz based on the exact same pattern of questions that are being asked in the exams.

Directions (1-3): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:

P, Q, R, S, T and V are six students studying in a class. Each of them has a different height and weight. The tallest is not the heaviest. T is taller than only P but lighter than R. Q is taller than S and P and heavier than only T and V. P is lighter than only S. T is heavier than V. S is taller than V and Q is not the tallest.

Q1. How many of them are heavier than T?
One
Two
Three
Five
None of these
Solution:
Height   R>Q>S>V>T>P
Weight   S>P>R>Q>T>V

Q2. How many of them are shorter than Q?
Two
Four
Three
Five
None of these
Solution:
Height   R>Q>S>V>T>P
Weight   S>P>R>Q>T>V

Q3. Who among them is the tallest?
V
P
T
R
None of these
Solution:
Height   R>Q>S>V>T>P
Weight   S>P>R>Q>T>V

Q4. Among 6 persons, Arpit is elder than only one person. Sachin is younger than Deepak, who is third eldest among them while Sailesh is not the youngest. Ravi is elder than Sailesh but younger than Aman. If they are arranged in descending order of their age then how many persons are between Aman and Sachin?
One
Two
Three
Four
Cannot be determined
Solution:
Aman > Ravi > Deepak > Sailesh > Arpit > Sachin.
Four persons are between Aman and Sachin if they are arranged in descending order of their age.

Q5. There are five books M, K, A, L and X placed on a table. A is placed just below M, L is placed just above X, and K is placed below A and X. Which of the following books touches the surface of the table?
K
L
X
M
A
Solution:
K

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

P, Q, R, S, T and U six houses of different height and different colours – Red, Blue, White, Orange, Yellow and Green are located on either sides of the road with 3 on each side. T the tallest house is exactly opposite to the red house. The shortest house is exactly opposite to the green house. Yellow and white coloured houses are opposite to each other. U is orange coloured house between P and S. R is yellow coloured house opposite to P. Green coloured house is exactly opposite to U. House Q is placed between T and R. P- is taller than R but shorter than Q and S.

Q6. Which of the following house is the third highest?
U
S
Q
Either Q or S
None of these
Solution:

Q7. Which of the following is the smallest house?
Q
T
U
R
None of these
Solution:

Q8. What is the colour of the tallest house?
Red
Blue
Green
None of these
Solution:

Q9. Which of the following house has second lowest height ?
Either R or S
R
S
None of these
Solution:

Q10. What is the colour of the house S?
Red
Blue
Orange
White
None of these.
Solution:

Directions (11-15): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input- 2 12 light 59 yes 73 35 beauty mobile 49 fun star

Step I: beauty 12 light 59 yes 73 35 mobile 49 fun star 2
Step II: beauty light 12 yes 73 35 mobile 49 fun star 2 59
Step III: beauty light yes 12 35 mobile 49 fun star 2 59 73
Step IV: beauty light yes star 35 mobile 49 fun 2 59 73 12
Step V: beauty light yes star fun mobile 49 2 59 73 12 35
Step VI: beauty light yes star fun mobile 2 59 73 12 35 49
And step VI is the last step of the above input, as per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

Input- 3 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 cow lab 75 bottle madam

Q11. What will be the position of ‘lab’ with respect to ‘bottle’ in the step III of the input?
Immediate left
Fourth to the right
None of these
Second to the left
Fourth to the left
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to the last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in increasing order, first all prime numbers are arranged after that non-prime numbers are arranged.
Input- 3 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 cow lab 75 bottle madam
Step I: cow 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3
Step II: cow night 20 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17
Step III: cow night laptop 20 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17 61
Step IV: cow night laptop madam 38 lab 75 bottle 3 17 61 20
Step V: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 75 3 17 61 20 38
Step VI: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 3 17 61 20 38 75

Q12. What will be the position of ‘madam’ in the last but one step?
Seventh from the left
Seventh from the right
Fourth from the left
Fifth from the left
Both (b) and (c)
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to the last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in increasing order, first all prime numbers are arranged after that non-prime numbers are arranged.
Input- 3 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 cow lab 75 bottle madam
Step I: cow 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3
Step II: cow night 20 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17
Step III: cow night laptop 20 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17 61
Step IV: cow night laptop madam 38 lab 75 bottle 3 17 61 20
Step V: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 75 3 17 61 20 38
Step VI: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 3 17 61 20 38 75

Q13. Which of the following will be the penultimate step?
Step VI
Step V
Step IV
Step III
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to the last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in increasing order, first all prime numbers are arranged after that non-prime numbers are arranged.
Input- 3 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 cow lab 75 bottle madam
Step I: cow 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3
Step II: cow night 20 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17
Step III: cow night laptop 20 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17 61
Step IV: cow night laptop madam 38 lab 75 bottle 3 17 61 20
Step V: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 75 3 17 61 20 38
Step VI: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 3 17 61 20 38 75

Q14. After how many steps no further rearrangement of words is possible?
Five
Four
Six
Seven
Eight
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to the last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in increasing order, first all prime numbers are arranged after that non-prime numbers are arranged.
Input- 3 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 cow lab 75 bottle madam
Step I: cow 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3
Step II: cow night 20 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17
Step III: cow night laptop 20 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17 61
Step IV: cow night laptop madam 38 lab 75 bottle 3 17 61 20
Step V: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 75 3 17 61 20 38
Step VI: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 3 17 61 20 38 75

Q15. What will be the position of ‘75’ in step IV?
Sixth from right
Seventh from right
Seventh from left
Both a and c
None of these
Solution:
Students let us understand the Logic behind this Question and let’s understand how to solve it. When we see the each step, then we can find that The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step simultaneously, words are arranged from left end and numbers are arranged from right end.
(i) In this, words are arranged in decreasing manner according to the last letter of the word.
(ii) Numbers are arranged in increasing order, first all prime numbers are arranged after that non-prime numbers are arranged.
Input- 3 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 cow lab 75 bottle madam
Step I: cow 20 night 17 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3
Step II: cow night 20 laptop 61 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17
Step III: cow night laptop 20 38 lab 75 bottle madam 3 17 61
Step IV: cow night laptop madam 38 lab 75 bottle 3 17 61 20
Step V: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 75 3 17 61 20 38
Step VI: cow night laptop madam bottle lab 3 17 61 20 38 75