Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Seven persons are sitting in a straight line and Three of them are facing north and remaining of them are facing South. They also like different colours i.e. Green, black, white, grey, blue, pink and orange but not necessarily in the same order. All of them are also sitting in alphabetical order from left end (Consider this according to your left end). Two persons sit between the one who likes white and the one who likes black. Both the immediate neighbours of the one, who likes black faces opposite direction to each other. Two person sit to the right of P. The one who likes pink sits second to the right to Q. Only one person sits between R and the one, who likes grey. The persons who like black and Green are immediate neighbours. The one, who likes orange sits third to the right of the person who likes Pink. Q and R face opposite direction to each other. The one who likes black faces south. The one who likes white sits second to the left of P, who does not sit at any end. The person who likes grey faces north and sits at one of the end. Q likes blue.

Q1. Who among the following is sitting at the extreme end in the row?
P
N
O
Q
R
Solution:

Q2. Who among the following person faces north direction?
R
S
P
Q
O
Solution:

Q3. Which of the following colour does O like?
White
Grey
Pink
Green
None of these
Solution:

Q4. If green is related to P and Orange is related to R then blue is related to whom?
R
S
T
O
None of these
Solution:

Q5. Which of the following combination is true?
P-Green
R-Black
S-orange
O-white
T-grey
Solution:

Directions (6-10): In the following questions, the symbols @, #, %, \$ and © are used with the following meaning as illustrated below-

‘P#Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’
‘P©Q’ means ‘P is neither equal to nor smaller than Q’
‘P%Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor greater than Q’
‘P\$Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’
‘P@Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’
Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statement to be true, find which of the three conclusions I, II and III given below them is/are definitely true and give your answer accordingly.

Q6. Statements:
R \$ N, S @ Z, M © S, Z % R
Conclusions:
II. R \$ M
None is true
Only I is true
Only III is true
Either I or II is true
All are true
Solution:

Q7. Statements:
D% A \$ B % M, E % K © M
Conclusions:
II. M @ A
Only I and III are true
Only II and III are true
Only I and II are true
All are true
None of these
Solution:

Q8. Statements:
S % R, R \$ M © Z @ A, X % Y © Z
Conclusions:
II. Z # R
None is true
Only II is true
Only I and II are true
Only II and III are true
All are true
Solution:

Q9. Statements:
Z % R, M © S, R \$ N, S @ Z
Conclusions:
I. N # Z
II. R # M
III. S % N
None follows
Only I is true
Only III is true
Either I or II is true
All are true
Solution:

Q10. Statements:
C % R \$ M © Z @ A, B % Y © Z
Conclusions:
II. Z # A
III. R % A
Only I is true
Only II is true
Only I and II are true
Only II and III are true
All are true
Solution:

Direction (11-12): In each of the following questions, two statements numbered I and II are given. There may be cause and effect relationship between the two statements. These two statements may be the effect of the same cause or independent causes. These statements may be independent causes without having any relationship. Read both the statements in each question and mark your answer as-

Q11. Statement I-Infosys, among India’s largest software services companies, said it plans to hire 10,000 American workers over the next two years.
Statement II-In filling these jobs, Infosys will hire experienced technology professionals and recent graduates from major universities, and local and community colleges, to create the talent pools for the future.
If statements I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
If statements II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
If both the statements I and II are independent causes.
If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
Solution:
It is clear from the above that statement I is the cause and II is it’s effect as this will be the cause that Infosys is planning to hire workers and for that it will hire graduates and will create talent pools will be it’s effect.

Q12. Statement I- Aadhar has become mandatory for filing income tax returns with PAN card.
Statement II-PAN has become more and more susceptible to duplicity and fraud.
If statements I is the cause and statement II is its effect.
If statements II is the cause and statement I is its effect.
If both the statements I and II are independent causes.
If both the statements I and II are effects of independent causes.
If both the statements I and II are effects of some common cause.
Solution:
It is clear from the above statement that II is cause and I is it’s effect because the PAN has become more vulnerable that is why Aadhar has become mandatory for filing Income Tax.

Q13. Statement-Internet companies use technology plus teams of human reviewers to flag and remove posts from people who engage in extremist activity or express support for terrorism. Which of the following statement abrogates the given statement?
(I)Google says it employs thousands of people to fight abuse on its platforms.
(II)Google’s YouTube service removes any video that has hateful content or incites violence, and its software prevents the video from ever being reposted.
(III)Apple and Facebook’s Whats App refused, noting that they didn’t hold the keys needed to unscramble such messages.
(IV)Twitter says in the last six months of 2016, it suspended a total of 376,890 accounts for violations related to the promotion of extremism.
Only I and IV
Only II
Only II and III
Only III
None of these
Solution:
In the above question we have to find out the statements which do not support the given statement.

For I-From I it is clear that Google is trying to fight with terrorism. So it supports the given statement.

For II-From II we can say that Google and You tube removes the post which has some objectionable content.

For III-From III It is clear that they cannot remove such content because they cannot decode such messages. So only this statement does not support the given statement.

For IV- This statement also supports the given statement as it says that Twitter is also taking steps towards removing accounts of extremists.

Q14. Statement-The Goods and Services Tax, to be rolled out next month as the biggest tax reform since independence, it simplifies taxes ,will help India achieve 9 per cent growth rate, NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said today. Which of the assumption can be made from the given statement?
(a) GST will simplify India's taxation system and help deal with tax evasion.
(b) GST will bring a big revolution in India's taxation structure.
(c)GST will not going to affect the growth rate of India.
Only I and II
Only III
Only II and III
All of the above
None of these
Solution:
In the above question we have to find the statement which we can be assumed from the given statement.

For I-This statement states that GST will make the taxation system simple , So the I statement is true .
For II-True, because it will bring changes in present taxation system as it has been said in the given statement that it will going to be the biggest tax reform.

For III- Not true, because It nullifies the given statement.

Q15. The Indian football team has jumped up a place to be ranked 100th for the first time ever in over two decades in the latest FIFA rankings released. Which of the following substantiates the given statement?
(i)India is more passionate about cricket than football.
(ii)India’s recent rise in the international footballing ladder has been propelled by wins over Cambodia and Myanmar.
(iii)Indian football team has not been playing for last one decade.
Only I and II
Only II
Only II and III
All of the above
None of these
Solution:
In the above question we have to find the statement which supports the above statement.

Only (i) supports the above statement as ranking is based on performance of the team. So this improvement in ranking must have been resulted from victory of India over Cambodia and Myanmar.