PO Reasoning 31/10/2018




Directions (1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. 
Give answer : 

Q1. Statement : Until our country achieves economic equality, political freedom and democracy would be meaningless.
Conclusions : 
I. Political freedom and democracy go hand in hand.
II. Economic equality leads to real political freedom and democracy.
if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
If either I or II follows
if neither I nor II follows and
if both I and II follow
Solution:
Nothing about the relation between political freedom and democracy is mentioned in the statement. So, I does not follow. But II directly follows from the given statement.

Q2. Statement : “The Government will review the present policy of the diesel price in view of further spurt in the international oil prices”. – A spokesman of the Government. 
Conclusions : 
I. The Government will increase the price of the diesel after the imminent spurt in the international oil prices.
II. The Government will not increase the price of the diesel even after the imminent spurt in the international oil prices.
if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
If either I or II follows
if neither I nor II follows and
if both I and II follow
Solution:
The Government seeks to review the policy so as to determine whether the diesel price needs to be increased or it can be kept stable by adjusting certain other factors. So, either decision may be taken. Thus, either I or II follows.

Q3. Statement : The T.V. staff deserves an applaud for showing booth capture. 
Conclusions : 
I. T.V. aims at showing things in their true perspective. 
II. People involved in booth capturing have been recognized and are being tried by law.
if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
If either I or II follows
if neither I nor II follows and
if both I and II follow
Solution:
Clearly, I directly follows from the statement. However, II is not directly related to the given statement and so does not follow.

Q4. Statement : The national norm is 100 beds per thousand population but in this state, 150 beds per thousand are available in the hospitals.
Conclusions : 
I. Our national norm is appropriate. 
II. The state’s health system is taking adequate care in this regard.
if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
If either I or II follows
if neither I nor II follows and
if both I and II follow
Solution:
Whether the national norm is appropriate or not cannot be said. So, I does not follows. However, more number of beds per thousand population are available in the state. So, II follows.

Q5. Statement : Fashion is a form of ugliness so intolerable that we have to alter it every six months. 
Conclusions : 
I. Fashion designers do not understand the public mind very well. 
II. The public by and large is highly susceptible to novelty.
if only conclusion I follows
if only conclusion II follows
If either I or II follows
if neither I nor II follows and
if both I and II follow
Solution:
The statement asserts that people cannot stand any particular trend for long and seek change quite often. So, only II follows.

Directions (6-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below: 

Seven friends, J, K, L, M, N, G and Q are going to appear in the exam but not necessarily in the same order, in seven different months (of the same year) namely January, February, March, June, August, October and December. Each of them also likes a different cold drink namely Pepsi, Dew, Sprite, Coca- cola, Frooti, Maaza and Slice but not necessarily in the same order.

L is going to appear in exam in a month which has less than 31 days. Only two persons are going to give the exam between the month in which L and M give the exam. The one who likes Pepsi is going to appear in exam immediately before N. Only one person gives exam before the one who likes Sprite. K gives exam immediately after the one who likes Sprite. Only three persons give exam between K and the one who likes Frooti. N likes neither Frooti nor Sprite. J gives exam immediately before N. Q likes Slice. The one who likes Dew gives exam in the month, which has less than 31 days. The one who gives exam in March does not like Coca- cola. 

Q6. Which of the following represents the month in which M gives exam?
January
Cannot be determined
October
December
June
Solution:

Q7. Which of the following represents the people who gives exam in January and June respectively ?
Q, M
G, M
K, N
G, L
Q, L
Solution:
Q8. How many persons gives exam between the months in which Q and L give exam ?
None
Three
Two
One
More than three
Solution:

Q9. As per the given arrangement, L is related to Pepsi and J is related to Coca- cola following a certain pattern, which of the following is G related to following the same pattern?
Frooti
Maaza
Slice
Sprite
Dew
Solution:

Q10. Which of the following cold- drink, does G like ?
Sprite
Frooti
Pepsi
Dew
Coca- cola
Solution:

Directions (11-15): Answer these questions based on the following information. 

In a certain code:
“Amazing dire accrual trawling” is coded as - “U13 I9 I27 I8 ”
“Seems licks rudely” is coded as - “C31 E43 E38”
“Straits April August Wrong” is coded as - “I38 R13 O30 U21”

Q11. What would be the code of ‘Laptop’?
A16
O31
T28
P32
O28
Solution:
Q12. The code ‘D30’ may belongs to which of the following word?
leader
janta
Bhartiya
party
None of these
Solution:

Q13. According to the following pattern, what may be the code of the word ‘Rudely’?
U6
U60
E7
E43
None of these
Solution:

Q14. What may be the code of word ‘Railway’ according to above information?
W43
A32
Y45
L40
None of these
Solution:

Q15. What would be the code of ‘Purse’?
P21
U21
S16
R21
E26
Solution:

               

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