PM Modi on Three Day Visit to China: In Detail

Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited China this week to build friendship between the two Asian giants despite a long history of disputes and rivalries, along with some areas of cooperation, especially in the economic sphere.
PM Narendra Modi “believes” that his three-day visit to China will deepen bilateral ties and create a milestone for the relations between developing countries in Asia and around the world. 
DAY 1

PM Modi’s first leg of his high-octane China visit in Xian promised a rich harvest of positive optics as Chinese President Xi Jinping went on record as saying that Modi was the first foreign leader whom he had received in his home province Xian. Mr. Modi has been given a traditional welcoming ceremony. It came as a reciprocation of sorts since Xi himself had begun his maiden India trip eight months ago in Ahmedabad, in Modi’s native state Gujarat.

“You received me very warmly in your hometown. I am very glad to receive you in my hometown,” Xi told Modi in Chinese. Modi, in Hindi, responded, “This is an honour to 125 crore Indians whom I am representing as Prime Minister.”
After their meeting, Xi Jinping accompanied Modi to several ancient sites in Xi’an. He also hosted a banquet for him in a building on the ancient city wall.
DAY 2
On the Day 2 of Modi’s visit, India and China signed a record 24 agreements in key sectors, including in railways and education.
Protocol for setting up Consulates-General at Chengdu and Chennai besides an MoU on consultative mechanism for cooperation in trade negotiations were among the 24 agreements signed in the presence of Modi and his Chinese counterpart Li Keqiang. An action plan between the Indian Railways and China National Railways on enhancing cooperation in the railway sector was also signed.
Here’s the complete list:
  • Protocols between India and China on the establishment of consulates-general at Chengdu and Chennai and the extension of the consular district of the consulate general of India in Guanzhou to include Jiangxi province.
  • MoU between the ministry of skill development and entrepreneurship of India and the ministry of human resources and social security of China on cooperation in the field of vocational education and skill development.
  • Action plan on cooperation in setting up of the Mahatma Gandhi National Institute for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship in Ahmedabad/Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
  • MoU between India and China on consultative mechanism for cooperation in trade negotiations.
  • MoU on cooperation between the ministry of external affairs of India and international department of the central committee of the Communist Party of China.
  • Action plan between the National Railway Administration of China and the ministry of railways of India on enhancing cooperation in the railway sector. (2015-16).
  • MoU on education exchange programme.
  • MoU between the ministry of mines of India and the ministry of land and resources of China on the cooperation in the mining and minerals sector.
  • Space Cooperation Outline (2015-2020).
  • Protocol on health and safety regulations on importing Indian rapeseed meal between the export inspection council, ministry of commerce and industry of India and the general administration of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine.
  • MoU between Doordarshan and China Central Television on cooperation in the field of broadcasting.
  • Agreement between the ministry of tourism of India and the national tourism administration of China on cooperation in the field of tourism.
  • MoU on establishing India-China think-tanks forum.
  • MoU between India’s Niti Aayog and the Development Research Centre, State Council of China.
  • MoU between India’s ministry of earth sciences and the China Earthquake Administration concerning cooperation in the field of earthquake science and earthquake engineering.
  • MoU between India’s ministry of earth sciences and the State Oceanic Administration of China on cooperation in the field of ocean science, ocean technology, climate change, polar science and cryosphere.
  • MoU on scientific cooperation between Geological Survey of India, ministry of mines of India and the China Geological Survey, ministry of land and resources of China in geoscience.
  • MoU between the ministry of external affairs of India and ministry of foreign affairs of China on establishment of states/provincial leaders’ forum.
  • Agreement on the establishment of sister-state/province relations between state government of Karnataka and provincial government of Sichuan of China.
  • Agreement on establishment of sister-city relations between Chennai and Chongqing of China.
  • Agreement on establishment of sister-city relations between Hyderabad and Qingdao of China.
  • Agreement on establishment of sister-city relations between Aurangabad and Dunhuang of China.
  • MoU between the Indian Council for Cultural Relations and Fudan University on the establishment of a centre for Gandhian and Indian studies.
  • MoU between Indian Council for Cultural Relations and Yunnan Minzu University on the establishment of a yoga college.

DAY 3
On the third day of his visit to China, Prime Minister Narendra Modi met CEOs of top Chinese companies in Shanghai. Taking ties to a new level, 21 Memorandum of Understandings were signed between Indian and Chinese companies.
Modi who interacted with CEOs of 22 companies, invited them to participate in his ‘Make in India’ campaign and listed the 5F formula. He said, “I have come to say to you Make in India. The 5F Formula – From Farm to Fibre to Fabric to Fashion to Foreign! India and China can together give something to the world.”
In a major takeaway, Bharti enterprises and IL&FS signed deals worth $2.5 billion and $3 billion respectively.


In the three days that Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been in China, he has announced a slew of bilateral agreements — ranging from finding a political solution to the border issue, to strengthening cultural ties. We hope that this visit to one of the most powerful country in the world will be fruitful in both political and friendly manner.