Quiz: Reading Comprehension

Dear Readers,
                      Today’s article is related to the expectations related to our Prime Minister’s trip to China in the month of May. Do read it because it consists of past as well as future aspects of Chinese diplomacy. It will be relevant as IBPS, SBI, SSC, and other exams.



Directions (Q.1-10): Read the
following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain
words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
Prime Minister
Narendra Modi’s forthcoming visit to China, beginning May 14, is of
considerable interest not only to peoples inhabiting the two countries, but
also to leaders and strategic analysts globally. In China, Mr. Modi will be
visiting Xian, Beijing and Shanghai over three days, before leaving for
Mongolia and South Korea. Mr. Modi’s visit follows Chinese President Xi
Jinping’s trip to India in September 2014. There is a great deal hinging on its
outcome with China being viewed today as a pivot-state, and India the only
nation in the region capable of maintaining the balance in the region. For his
part, Mr. Modi has, no doubt, indicated that trade and economic ties with China
would be his main priority. However, there is much more to an Indian Prime
Minister’s visit to China than economic relations — unstated though this may
be. This visit is again taking place at a time when China has unveiled a new
strategic vision, and elements of the strategy conform to Sun Tzu’s principle
of “winning without fighting”. It implicitly includes rewarding nations that it
perceives as “friends” and, by implication, excluding nations that stand in its
way.
China is also
currently affording an opportunity to nations in the region to become a part
of a Beijing-contrived “security alliance”
, holding out the promise of a
new Asian security paradigm, previously embedded in Chinese President Xi
Jinping’s “Code of Conduct for Asia” (2014). The latter contained a veiled
“warning” to countries forging military alliances to counter China. Perhaps,
having waded too far out by its references to the issue of maritime
disputes in the South China Sea at various regional fora, and more
explicitly in the Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and the Indian
Ocean region following the U.S. President Barack Obama-Modi meeting in New
Delhi in January this year, the Prime Minister may, hence, need to indulge in
some intricate balancing acts to win the confidence of his hosts. Many
Western analysts believe that China is presently demonstrating a degree of
“strategic autism”, resulting from its growing power. The Indian side needs to
factor this in its calculations. Under President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen
Jiabao, China had, by and large, displayed a benign face. It was during this
period, in 2008, that India and China unveiled a “Joint Strategic Vision for the
21st Century”. This was considered unusual even then for China generally finds
it difficult to endorse a common vision. Under Mr. Xi, China has moved away
from Deng Xiaoping’s injunction “to hide our capabilities and bide our time and
never claim leadership”. It now countenances the employment of diplomacy
as an instrument for the effective application of Chinese power in support of
China’s ambitious and long-term foreign policy agenda. Effectively, therefore,
the 2008 “Shared Vision Concept” is all but buried, and it would be useful to
see what happens next. The Indian side must avoid falling into any kind of trap
of arriving at decisions on strategic issues, made seemingly easy by the
Chinese employing very simplified, schematic representations of highly complex
realities. Meanwhile, current realities in the region are becoming more complex
having entered a period fraught with change. The emergence of new
dangers in West Asia, the uncertainty in Afghanistan, with the Islamic State
(IS) now siding with the Taliban, tensions among different nations in
South-East Asia and East Asia, and evidence of increasing Chinese assertiveness,
have produced an unstable equilibrium.
Consequently, while
there are many issues that would be uppermost in Mr. Modi’s mind, the visit
provides an excellent opportunity for him to assess, at first hand, where China
is headed. It will give him a chance to estimate the potential impact of recent
developments on Sino-Indian relations. The Prime Minister could begin by making
a realistic appraisal of China’s “Defence Posture” and the kind of threat this
poses to India. Rising defence budgets (the 2015 defence Budget is estimated at
$141.5 billion — the 26th year of normal double digit increases since 1989),
unveiling of a host of new state-of-the-art weapons such as the DF-21D “Carrier
Killer” anti-ship ballistic missile (the Assassin’s Mace according to the
United States) and the J-20 stealth fighter aircraft, employment of asymmetric
tactics which conform to Sun Tzu’s precepts, all send out a clear message that
China is no longer willing to watch from the sidelines where its immediate and
long-term security interests are concerned.
Mr. Modi would also
have the opportunity to understand, first hand, the implications of China’s
“Outreach Programme”. The launch of the New Development Bank and the Asian
Infrastructure Investment Bank has already demonstrated Beijing’s determination
to build an alternative financial architecture. The “One Belt, One Road”
initiative (inclusive of a Silk Road Development Fund) aims to boost
connectivity with China’s Central Asian neighbours, and establish a Eurasian
land corridor from the Pacific Coast to the Baltic Sea, which possibly signals
China’s determination to undermine the U.S. Pivot to Asia. The ‘Maritime Silk
Road’ concept is possibly an even more audacious move, with plans to connect
more than 50 countries via the sea and build a network of port cities along the
Silk Road. This could well result in circumventing and circumscribing India’s
own outreach diplomacy. The ambit of China’s “Public Diplomacy” including the
rapid expansion of Confucius Institutes (there are over 415 such institutes
around the globe including around 15 in India at present) also merits the Prime
Minister’s attention. The interconnecting links between these Institutes and
the authorities in China are matters which require to be better understood in the
context of China’s current “soft power” offensive. As in the case of China’s
“Peaceful Rise”, there is room for worry and concern. China has already notched
up several diplomatic successes — some of these will have an adverse impact on
India’s external relations. The transformation in China-Russia relations is
clearly one. This has been facilitated by the $400 billion gas deal, but it
should not be overlooked that Russia was possibly the first overseas
destination for Mr. Xi. What should specially concern India and Mr. Modi, is
that China and Russia are now determined to deepen their “comprehensive
strategic partnership” and “contribute to lasting world peace”. Likewise, China
has gained a strategic beachhead in West Asia with its Iran connection. China is
reaping the reward of standing by Iran. This will clearly put India on the back
foot in a region which it has carefully nursed for a long time.
-Source The Hindu, Delhi Edition, 12th May
Q.1.Choose an appropriate title
for the passage.
1) The Journey
2) Never Trust Neighbours
3) The Ties
4) To China with Clear Strategy
5) Back to Diplomacy
Q.2. Which of the following is
true according to the passage?
A) In the peaceful rise of China, there is a room of
concern and worries for India coz some of its act will eventually have adverse
effect on India’s Foreign Relations.
B) The launch of New Development Bank and the Asian
Infrastructure Investment Bank is the part of China’s alternate financial
strategy.
C) Many Western analysts believe that China is not
presently demonstrating a degree of “strategic autism”, resulting from its
growing power.
1) A and C
2) A and B
3) B and C
4) All of the above
5) None of the above
Q.3.According to the passage,
what does the author suggest Indian PM?
1) The author suggest the PM to delay the deal of
Rafale planes.
2) The author suggest the PM to be careful about the
border issue.
3) The author warns him to avoid falling in the trap on
some strategic issues, which might seem simpler but might carry some bitter
realities.
4) All of the above
5) None of the above
Q.4.According to the passage, PM
Modi will visit the following countries?
A) China
B) Mongolia
C) South Korea
D) Russia
1) A, B and D
2) A, B, C and D
3) B, C and D
4) A, B and C
5) B and C

Q.5.What does the author mean by
the phrase “become a part of a Beijing-contrived “security alliance””?
1) become a part of Beijing created security alliance.
2) become a part of Beijing summoned security
alliance.
3) become a part of Beijing distributed security alliance.
4) become a part of Beijing blocked security alliance.
5) None of the above
Q.6.Which of the following is the
synonym of the word “waded”?
1) ignore
2) finish
3) laze
4) Assault
5) idle
Q.7.Which of the following is the
synonym of the word “fora”?
1) abeyance
2) Multiple symposium
3) agreement
4) arrangement
5) admonish
Q.8.
Which of the following is the synonym of the word “countenances”?
1) deviant
2) moderate
3) reprove
4) aggregate
5) Allow
Q.9.
Which of the following is not the synonym of the word “fraught”?
1) Calm
2) combine
3) alleviate
4) gather
5) unclear
Q.10.
Which of the following is not the synonym of the word “intricate”?
1) involved
2) fancy 
3) obscure
4) Straightforward
5) tangled

1. (4
2. (2
3. (3
4. (4
5. (1
6. (4
7. (2
8. (5
9. (1
10. (4