Quiz: Reading Comprehension

Dear Readers,
                        Today’s comprehension is related to India’s relationship with its North-western Partners and the expected steps to be taken in future. It will be relevant as per IBPS, SBI, SSC and Other Govt. Exams.


Directions (Q.1-10): Read the
following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain
words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.

The uneventful visit
of the Afghanistan President Ashraf Ghani to New Delhi last month has further
strengthened the widespread belief that India is losing strategic influence and
geopolitical standing as far as its northwestern frontier is concerned, especially
Iran and Afghanistan. Just a year ago, during the Karzai presidency, India was
the “most favoured nation” in Afghanistan. Today, there is a perceptible
change in the new Afghan government’s attitude towards India. For instance, no
major agreements were signed during Mr. Ghani’s visit and the India-Afghanistan
Strategic Partnership Agreement of 2011, hardly figured in the agenda. Indeed,
India’s new northwestern strategic environment, in which the relegation of the
Indo-Afghan strategic partnership is merely one element, is undergoing a grand
geopolitical transformation, but New Delhi seems to be clueless about how to
engage with it. Moreover, it is worrisome that while the most formidable
challenges to India’s national security invariably originate from its
northwestern frontiers, both historically and presently, the focus of the
Bharatiya Janata Party-led government has primarily been on the global stage
and the country’s southern and eastern neighbours.
The most important
element of the new strategic landscape in Southern Asia is the ongoing
withdrawal of the United States from Afghanistan and the resultant power
vacuum, as well as the subsequent rebalancing of forces in the region. China
has begun the process of filling the post-American power vacuum, albeit without
military involvement for the moment. The withdrawal by the U.S. and the
attendant strategic uncertainty could also provide a favourable environment for
forces like the Taliban and the Islamic State (IS) to enhance their influence
in the region. This clearly worries Kabul. Given the American withdrawal and
India’s unwillingness to involve itself militarily in Afghanistan, Mr. Ghani is
left with no choice but to engage both Pakistan and China. Moreover, he
realises that Beijing is perhaps the only actor today that has some traction in
Islamabad. It is this that has led to a flurry of activity among the three
countries. On the one hand, China is enhancing its influence in the region with
the unveiling of its innovative ‘New Silk Road’ strategy and by offering
economic and developmental assistance to Pakistan, while on the other Beijing
is also increasingly engaged in regional “conflict management” initiatives by
mediating between Kabul and the Taliban, and organising trilateral strategic
engagements with Afghanistan and Pakistan. In November 2014, for instance,
representatives of the Taliban from its Doha-based office met in Beijing for
talks. In February this year, China’s Deputy Foreign Minister, Liu Jianchao,
Pakistan’s Foreign Secretary Aizaz Chaudhry, and the Afghan Deputy Foreign
Minister, Hekmat Karzai, met in Kabul for the inaugural round of a new
trilateral strategic dialogue. New Delhi has been disappointingly quiet in the
face of these strategically significant developments, unable and unwilling to
contribute towards stabilising the region.
The second
significant component is the newfound warmth between Kabul and Islamabad.
Abandoning the trend of public spats, they are now on a path of cooperation and
friendship, or so it seems. Immediately after assuming office, Mr. Ghani
signalled a desire for reconciliation with Islamabad and Rawalpindi. In
his September 2014 “five-circle” foreign policy speech, not only did he place
Pakistan in the first circle of countries that are most important to
Afghanistan (with India in the fourth circle), but also took the unprecedented
step of visiting the Pakistan Army’s headquarters in Rawalpindi, a gesture
signifying the deep policy changes under way in Kabul. Pakistan has also been
making efforts to strengthen its relationship with Afghanistan; its Army and
the intelligence chiefs have already visited Kabul to discuss joint
counter-terrorism measures and to enhance the fight against terror. More
importantly, given Chinese concerns about terrorism and its increasing
influence on its borderlands, the Af-Pak rapprochement will most likely be
superintended by China. While this in itself need not concern New Delhi,
Islamabad is deeply suspicious of any cooperation between India and
Afghanistan. Therefore, the worry in New Delhi that the Af-Pak rapprochement
could have zero-sum implications for India is indeed a legitimate one. The
third major driver is the mainstreaming
of radical Islamist terrorism in
the form of the rise of the IS and the resurgence of the Taliban. While the
West Asian region is currently the hotbed of Islamist terrorism, the Southern
Asian region would not only be a potential target of such forces but also a
fertile breeding ground. There are already reports of growing support for the
IS in the region and its focus there. The IS has reportedly made some inroads
into Pakistan and some Pakistan-based terror outfits have offered their
allegiance to the organisation. While there may not be any ideological unity
among them, the IS has the dangerous potential of providing a “wave of the
future call” to the disparate terror outfits in the region. The IS has also
been making recruitments from India; the speech by its leader Abu Bakr
al-Baghdadi, in July last year specifically referred to the “atrocities against
Muslims in Kashmir”. For India in particular, the potential resurgence of the
Taliban and the rise of the IS have dangerous implications. The belief, in this
context, that by merely strengthening its borders, India would be able to
survive the scourge of terrorism is a mistaken one.
-Source The Hindu, Delhi Edition, 13th May
Q.1.Choose an appropriate title
for the passage.
1) Discouraging Taliban
2) Afghanistan: The Home of Taliban
3) The Forgotten Frontier
4) Taliban and all
5) For a ‘Look Northwest’ Policy
Q.2.What is the reason mentioned
in the passage for Afghanistan to look forward to Pakistan and China?
1) Because Afghanistan was supported by both Pakistan and
China by the Govt.
2) Because Pakistan and China are one of the important
business partners of Afghanistan.
3) Because US is withdrawing forces from Afghanistan and
India will not engage its military in any kind of war.
4) All of the above
5) None
Q.3.Which of the following is not
true according to the passage?
1) The southern Asian region is a potential target for
the terrorism
2) The southern Asian region may also act as the
breeding ground for terrorist activities.
3) Pakistan is making efforts alone to eradicate terrorism
from Afghanistan and its neighbouring region.
4) All of the above
5) None of the above
Q.4. Which of the following is
true according to the passage?
1) The most important element of the new strategic
landscape in Southern Asia is the ongoing withdrawal of the United States from
Afghanistan.
2) PM Modi is on a three countries visit and will
visit China, Mongolia and South Korea.
3) PM Modi is going to sign many MoU with Afghanistan
that will benefit Afghanistan.
4) All of the above
5) None Of the Above
Q.5.What does the author mean by
the phrase “The third major driver is the mainstreaming”?
1) The third class fail is the driver of the mainstream
politician.
2) The third most important driving force is the
Gravitational force.
3) The major driver is the one who drives Mercedes.
4) The third main important factor is organizing the
Mainstream Countries.
5) None of the above
Q.6. What is the synonym of the
word “innovative”?
1) Castigation
2) Unconventional
3) Chicanery
4) Cogent
5) None of the above
Q.7.Which of the following is the
synonym of the word “rapprochement”?
1) Delineate
2) Dichotomy
3) Equivocate
4) Detente
5) All of the above
Q.8.Which of the following is not the
synonym of the word “reconciliation”?
1) Estrangement
2) Ephemeral
3) Equanimity
4) Euphemism
5) None of the above
Q.9. Which of the following is
not the synonym of the word “perceptible”?
1) Foment
2) Frugality
3) Imperturbable
4) Inconspicuous
5) None of the above
Q.10. Which of the following is
not the synonym of the word “
formidable”?
1) Malingerer
2) Comforting
3) Morose
4) Penchant

5) Paucity

ANSWERS:


1) 5
2) 3
3) 3
4) 1
5) 4
6) 2
7) 4
8) 1
9) 4