Quiz: Reading Comprehension

Dear Readers,
                      Today’s comprehension is related to the scenario after election in UK. This passage discusses the belief of people of UK and the referendum. This type of comprehension can be asked in SBI, IBPS, SSC and other Govt. exams.

Directions
(Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given
below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
Britain
feels and looks very different now from only a week ago. The general election,
of May 7, threw up many surprises — the re-election of a majority Conservative
Government, the scale of the Scottish National Party (SNP) landslide, and
Scotland and England pointing in completely opposite political directions. The
SNP won 56 of Scotland’s 59 constituencies, reducing the dominant Labour Party
north of the border from 41 seats at the previous election to a single seat. A
whole host of luminaries lost their seats including the Scottish Labour
leader, Jim Murphy, the Shadow Foreign Secretary, Douglas Alexander and the
Shadow Scottish Secretary, Margaret Curran. How did this happen, when only
months ago the SNP lost the independence referendum, and the British Prime
Minister, David Cameron, considered the whole issue “settled”? And what does it
mean for the SNP’s aim of Scottish independence and the future, if any, of the
United Kingdom?
The
mood in Scotland at this time is difficult to fully convey. Scottish public
opinion, despite its centre-left credentials and traditions, doesn’t do outward
celebrations of victory. This isn’t the culture of a Milan or Buenos Aires
where people take to the streets in their cars tooting and cheering to mark
a political event
.
Allowing for this Scottish reticence, there is a
sense of quiet satisfaction in parts of the country. Many people felt that
Scottish Labour had become the political establishment — complacent, out of
touch, showing little respect for its own professed values — and wanted
to punish it. The explanations offered for this range from observations that
“Blair destroyed the Labour Party” to “the Iraq war”, from “I don’t know what
they stand for anyone” to “they are the same as the Tories” and that “Labour do
not stand up for Scotland, but take their orders from London”. A mixture of
public anger and disappointment exists towards Labour in Scotland that has
built up over decades. It began to find voice when Labour lost the 2007
Scottish Parliament elections to the SNP, by the thinnest of margins, leading
to a SNP minority government under Alex Salmond. There then followed the 2011
Scottish Parliament election SNP landslide, and the May 7 Nationalist triumph.
There is a general air of goodwill towards the SNP and its record as the
Scottish Government. People like the sense that the Nationalists talk Scotland
up, think positively about the potential of a self-governing nation, and are
competent and credible in how they administer devolved services. The SNP has
now been in office for eight years, and yet is still able to present itself as insurgents
and outsiders, particularly in relation to Westminster. This is strengthened by
Labour still being perceived as incumbents and insiders — responsible for many
of the shortcomings of modern Scotland. This may not be altogether fair, but it
undoubtedly had traction in the recent May election — with both Labour and
Westminster being held to account by many voters for what is wrong in Scotland,
and the SNP rewarded. This state of affairs cannot last indefinitely.
A
critical factor in all of this was the experience of the independence
referendum. Scotland voted 55:45 to stay in the union last September. Just as
important, for three years Scotland’s constitutional status was debated up and
down the country resulting in an unprecedented 85.6 per cent turnout. The
referendum question — “Should Scotland be an independent country?” — allowed
for two simultaneous debates, one on the constitution, the other on what kind
of country and society people wanted to live in. This emboldened the SNP and
independence opinion. The degree and depth of the pro-democratic engagement
altered the parameters of Scottish society. This was combined with two other
factors which have worked in the SNP’s favour. First, when the campaign began,
strategists in “Yes Scotland” (the official independence organisation) felt
that the voters had no mental map of what an independent Scotland would like
and thus presented a conditional vision of independence, retaining many key
institutions of the U.K. (the Treasury, the monarchy). However, over the course
of the campaign, the constant discussion of independence meant that it became
normalised, and by the end, the “idea” of independence had moved centre stage,
so much so that after the vote, one poll showed 69 per cent of Scots believing
independence was inevitable. Second, on the morning after the September 18
vote, Alex Salmond took responsibility for the defeat and resigned as SNP
leader, handing over the baton to Deputy Leader Nicola Sturgeon. This
allowed the SNP a seamless transition, the chance to renew, and, importantly,
to change tone from Mr. Salmond’s abrasive style to Ms. Sturgeon’s more
conciliatory manner. All of this is magnified by longer-term factors: the decline
of the Scottish Tories, Labour’s hollowing out and replacement by the SNP as
the dominant party, the secularisation of society and weakening of religion,
and changing patterns of work, economy and industry.
Scotland,
in many respects in the last 40 years, has become more like elsewhere in
Western Europe, and with this, people increasingly wish to emphasise their
distinctiveness in national identities and cultures. The SNP has played all of
this well — nurturing a soft civic nationalism and social democratic sentiment,
which sits at ease with most Scots, and is far removed from the right-wing
populism of the UK Independence Party (UKIP), which won the 2014 European
elections across the U.K., as could be imagined. Success brings with it its own
pressures. The SNP’s near-clean sweep of Scottish Westminster constituencies
means that many supporters now expect immediate change. The SNP campaigned on
three main themes: an end to U.K. austerity, opposition to the ‘Trident’
nuclear weapons system and more devolution of powers to Scotland. No
substantive concessions will be forthcoming on the first two. But on the third,
with Prime Minister Cameron conscious that his Conservative Party won 14.9 per
cent of the vote and one seat in Scotland — the former, their lowest vote in
150 years — a more pragmatic line may well be evident from Westminster. The big
issue underneath all this is the independence question. Some Nationalist
supporters are hoping for progress on this very soon, or more realistically, a
SNP manifesto commitment in the 2016 Scottish Parliament elections to a second
referendum.
-Source The Hindu, Delhi Edition, 16th May
Q.1.Choose
an appropriate title for the passage.
1)
After Reaction
2)
The Parties
3)
None Elected, Everyone Rejected
4)
Scotland’s Peaceful Revolution
5)
None of the above
Q.2. Which
of the following is true according to the passage?
A)
The real and new experience for the Scotland was the Referendum.
B)
The degree and depth of the pro-democratic engagement altered the parameters of
Scottish society.
C)
The SNP’s near-clean sweep of Scottish Westminster constituencies means that
many supporters now don’t expect any immediate change.
1)
Only A and C
2)
Only A and B
3)
Only B and C
4)
All A, B and C
5)
None of these
Q.3.In the
above passage, SNP is embarked with certain themes that it banked upon. What
are the themes?
A) To end
the difficult situation and authority of UK.
B) Opposition to the ‘Trident’ nuclear weapons system and more
devolution of powers to Scotland.
C) The
demand for the permanent status to the Govt. employees.
1)
A and B
2) A and C
3) B and C
4) A, B and
C
5) None
Q.4.Which of
the following is not true according to the passage?
1) A mixture of public anger and disappointment exists towards
Labour in Scotland that has built up over decades.
2) There is a general air of goodwill towards the SNP and its
record as the Scottish Government.
3) The degree and depth of the pro-democratic engagement
altered the parameters of Scottish society
4) All of
the above
5)
None of the above
Q.5.What
does the author mean by the phrase “tooting and
cheering to mark a political event”.
1) Demonstration
against certain policy of Govt.
2) Protesting
and making noise being a political rival.
3)
Celebrating and cheering the success in the election.
4) Happy and
Cheerful demonstration in the election.
5) None of
the above.
Q.6.What is
the synonym of the word “baton”?
1) Anodyne
2) Aver
3)
Wand
4) Coda
5) None
Q.7.Which of
the following is the synonym of the word “insurgents”?
1) Credo
2)
Multineer
3) Deride
4) Poseur
5) None
Q.8.Which of
the following is the antonym of the word “reticence”?
1) Zealot
2) Whimsy
3) Venal
4) Travail
5)
Talkative
Q.9.Which of
the following is the antonym of the word “professed”?
1)
Repudiate
2) Suffrage
3) Rue
4) All of
the above
5) Recluse
Q.10.Which
of the following is the synonym of the word “luminaries”?
1) Presage
2) Quail
3) All of
these
4)
Dignitary
5) None

1. (4)
2. (2)
3. (1)
4. (5)
5. (3)
6. (3)
7. (2)
8. (5)
9. (1)
10. (4)