(Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given
below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
introduce legal provisions to ensure that children between the ages of 16 and
18 are tried as adults if they commit heinous offences such as murder and rape.
Ever since a juvenile offender was given a ‘light’ sentence in the Delhi gang
rape case of 2012 under the existing child-friendly laws, there has been a clamour
to treat juveniles involved in heinous crimes as adults.
A fresh Juvenile
Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill introduced in the Lok Sabha last
year contained clauses that many child rights activists and groups disapproved
of. A Standing Committee of Parliament recommended a review and reconsideration
of all clauses that sought to carve out an exception for children in the 16-18
age group and subject them to the rigours of regular criminal procedure.
However, the amended Bill now cleared by the Cabinet retains the clause that
provides that when a heinous crime is committed by one in this age
group, the Juvenile Justice Board will assess whether the crime has been
committed as a ‘child’ or as an ‘adult’. The trial would take place on the
basis of this assessment. The present framework classifies offences as petty,
serious and heinous and treats each category under a different process. The
government claims that since this assessment will be done with the help of
psychologists and social experts, the rights of the juvenile would be
protected. It remains to be seen if enough numbers of such professionals would
be available across the country to make this work.
criminal court would mar the prospect of their rehabilitation. The
Supreme Court has not seen any special reason to amend the present juvenile
law. Nor did the Justice J.S. Verma Committee, which made far- reaching
recommendations on the legal framework for treating sexual offences, suggest
such changes. The government should stick by the U.N. Convention on the Rights
of the Child, which treats everyone up to 18 as a child. To the government’s
credit, it has held some consultations with stakeholders before finalising its
latest draft. It has heeded the Parliamentary Committee’s objection to
Clause 7, and dropped the arbitrary provision that a person who had committed
an offence when aged between 16 and 18 but was apprehended only after crossing
the age of 21 would be treated and tried as an adult. However, this is not
enough. The government would do well to drop its attempt to have a differential
system for those involved in ‘heinous offences’. Instead, it should pursue the
other forward-looking aspects of the bill, which has welcome features
for the care and protection of children that can help them significantly
through provisions such as those for foster homes and a better-regulated
following is the synonym of the word “clamour”?
following is the synonym of the word “heinous”?
Q.3.What does the author mean by the phrase “forward-looking
aspects of the bill”?
and its Role
Humane or Inhumane
going to have a deifferential system for those involved in crimes.
the changes in juvenile’s age.
cleared the new form of bill.
and social experts.
of the above
classifies offences as petty, serious and heinous and treats each category
under a different process.
change the law.
provision that a person who had committed an offence when aged between 16 and
18 but was apprehended only after crossing the age of 21.
crime is committed by one in this age group, the Juvenile Justice Board will
assess whether the crime has been committed as a ‘child’ or as an ‘adult’.
following is the synonym of the word “rigours”?
following is the synonym of the word “heeded”?
intention of the author behind this article?
clearing the new bill on juvenile conviction.
cons of the new bill as per common man.
following is the synonym of the word “rehabilitation”?