(Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given
below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
storm last week after she delivered two almost identical rulings on consecutive
days expunging jibes targeting Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
A heated debate
followed, with an enraged Opposition unitedly questioning her on Thursday on
whatever was “unparliamentary” in Aam Aadmi Party MP Bhagwant Mann’s remark
that ending farmers’ suicides and the agrarian crisis would require more than a
‘Mann Ki Baat’, in a reference to Mr. Modi’s monthly radio broadcast. In the
end, Ms. Mahajan was forced to retreat, saying she did not object to criticism
of the Prime Minister — she just wished to emphasise that every issue should
not be “politicised”. She agreed to examine the records, saying that if the
context permitted such a comment, she would restore it. That has since been
done, and Mr. Mann’s words are now part of the parliamentary record. Earlier
she acknowledged that she had repeatedly told MPs it was wrong to refer to the
Prime Minister in every discussion. On Wednesday, a remark by Congress MP K.C.
Venugopal on Mr. Modi during a discussion on attacks on minorities had invited
expunction by Ms. Mahajan.
growing tension between Ms. Mahajan and the Opposition has been palpable, with
many MPs expressing their dismay — if informally — at what they describe
as the “partisan” attitude of the Chair. There have been occasions when Ms.
Mahajan has directed the switching off of microphones mid-speech; her invocation
of “Om Shanti” after obituary references has invited comment. But on Thursday
it all exploded in the House in the full glare of the television cameras. In a
parliamentary democracy the Speaker’s role is well-defined: once elected, she
is expected to detach herself from government activity to run the House impartially.
The Rules characterise the Speaker as “the true guardian of the traditions of
parliamentary democracy”, stressing that her decisions are “final and binding
and ordinarily cannot be questioned, challenged or criticised”. While giving
“adequate opportunities to all sections of the House to ventilate their
views”, she must “preserve the dignity of the House”. Mr. Modi is neither the
first Prime Minister — nor will he be the last — to face Opposition fire in
Parliament. Since Independence every Prime Minister has faced criticism. This
was true also of Nehru, who enjoyed an absolute majority and enormous public esteem.
Dr. Manmohan Singh, who was regularly pilloried in Parliament, would, like all
his predecessors, defend himself. Mr. Modi, who has positioned himself as a
strong leader, does not need the protection of the Chair. As for the Speaker,
she must not just be just, she must be seen to do justice.
issue should not be used for political benefits.
was accused to be biased, as per many MP’s, on several instances.
inferred from the passage?
instead of talking on radio.
should be biased and should take care of the government.
express their thoughts.
the following aspects?
the word “Ventilate”, according to the passage?