Today’s comprehension is related to the speculations made by different Govt. agencies on Monsoon. We have been used to with such extreme temperatures and rain deficit seasons. This comprehension is important as per SBI, IBPS, SSC and other Govt. exam.
Directions (Q.1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words/phrases have been printed in bold to help you locate them.
By downgrading the monsoon forecast for the year to ‘deficient’, the India Meteorological Department has pressed the panic button. The forecast now talks of 88 per cent of the long-period average, down from the preliminary figure of 93 per cent. The revised estimate is indeed cause for concern, as it holds the possibility of the country being pushed into a drought situation. These are forward-looking numbers no doubt. Yet the signals can hardly be ignored. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has sought to talk up the sentiment by suggesting that the fears are exaggerated, and he may well be right. In his view, the geographical distribution of rainfall and its timing will matter more than the total volume of precipitation. Yet, policy-planners at the fiscal and monetary levels have not shied away from articulating their anxiety. The Centre has said it is ready to face a deficit monsoon. Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh has made it clear that the situation is being monitored on a daily basis and that a ‘contingency plan’ is in place. The immediate worry, nay task, is to quickly devise an emergency plan to tackle the social and economic consequences of a possible drought. In the near-term, the government may do well to prepare a ready-to-roll out action programme to provide farmers a support system and fallback mechanism to ensure that they aren’t consumed by the severity of the impact, should there be a drought. This could well prove to be one of the toughest tests yet for the year-old Narendra Modi government. To minimise the annual concerns on this front, governments at the Centre and the States will have to go beyond mere mitigation strategies and work out a long-term irrigation plan in an integrated and holistic manner to optimise the groundwater potential as well.
If the forecast does come true, however, India could be facing the 12th worst drought since 1950. Already hit by unseasonal rain during the rabi season, this portends further trouble during the kharif cycle. This could lead to serious problems on the food front with consequences on the price situation. Already, lack of rural demand is dragging the economy down. The inflation-focussed Reserve Bank of India will have no more leeway to cut the interest rate in such a situation. Three quick rate cuts by the RBI totalling 75 basis points this year have not really seen any major reduction in lending rates by banks at the ground level. With mounting stressed assets and poor credit off-take, the banking industry has so far chosen to be a reluctant actor in the play. The missing X-Factor has conspired with the existing shortfalls in capacity utilisation to make the industry look forlorn. The situation demands proactive action.
Q.1.Choose an appropriate title for the passage.
1) Yet Another Disaster
2) Awaiting Disaster
3) Drought Like
4) No Instance like this
5) Monsoon Worries, Real or not
Q.2.Which of the following is true according to the passage?
A) The Centre has said it is ready to face a deficit monsoon.
B) The forecast now talks of 88 per cent of the long-period average, down from the preliminary figure of 93 per cent.
C) If the forecast does come true, however, India could be facing the first worst drought since 1950.
1) All A, B and C
2) Only A and B
3) Only B and C
4) Only C and A
5) None of these
Q.3.What does the author suggest the Central and State Govt. to minimize the annual concern on this issue?
1) The author suggests that the Govt. should make promises to the farmers.
2) The author suggested the Govt. to make some shelters for the affected farmers.
3) The author urge both central and state Govt. to go beyond mitigation strategies and take some concrete steps for the affected ones.
4) All of the above
5) None of the above
Q.4. Which of the following is not true according to the passage?
A) Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has sought to talk up the sentiment by suggesting that the fears are exaggerated.
B) The inflation-focussed Reserve Bank of India will have no more advantage to cut the interest rate in such a situation.
C) Drought could lead to serious problems on the food front with consequences on the price situation.
1) Only A
2) Only B
3) Only C
5) Only A and C
Q.5.What does the author mean by the phrase “contingency plan is in place”?
1) Bad plan in place for the poor.
2) Misplaced plans for the affected farmers.
3) Additional plan to be carried out with the farmers.
4) None of these
5) Additional plan in case the previous one fails.
Q.6.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word “mitigation”?
5) None of these
Q.7.Which of the following is not the synonym of the word “leeway”?
5) All of the above
Q.8.Which of the following is the synonym of the word “devise”?
5) All of the above
Q.9.Which of the following is the synonym of the word “portend”?
Q.10.Which of the following is the synonym of the word “holistic”?