Reasoning Questions for IPPB PO Mains 2017


Directions (1-5): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.
Mark answer
(a) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.
(b) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.
(c) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.
(d) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
(e) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

Q1.
(A) The Govt has marginally increased the procurement price of wheat for the current crop.
(B)The current wheat crop is expected to be twenty percent more than the previous wheat crop.

Q2.
(A) The braking system of the tourist bus carrying 40 passengers failed while negotiating a stiff climb on a hilly road.
(B) The tourist bus fell into the gorge killing at least ten passengers and seriously injuring all the remaining.

Q3.
(A) The state Govt has decided to boost English language education in all the schools from the next academic year.
(B) The level of English language of the school students of the State is comparatively lower than that of the neighbouring states.

Q4.
(A) The municipal authority demolished the tea stall located on the footpath on the busy road.
(B) A large number of people have been taking their evening tea at the stall located on the footpath on the main road, blocking pedestrian movement.

Q5.
(A) Majority of the students left the local school as the school building was in a dilapidated condition.
(B) The school authority decided to close down the school immediately and shift the remaining students to a make-shift school.

Directions (6-10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Give answer
(a) if only assumption I is implicit.
(b) if only assumption II is implicit.
(c) if either assumption I or assumption II is implicit.
(d) if neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit; and
(e) if both assumptions I and II are implicit.

Q6.
Statement: If parking space is not available in office, park your vehicles in the mall and walk to the office.
Assumptions:
I. The mall is at a walk able distance from the office.
II. The office does not allow visitors’ vehicles in its premises.

Q7.
Statement: Farmers must immediately switch over to organic fertilizers from chemical fertilizers for better yield.
Assumptions:
I. All the farmers use only chemical fertilizers.
II. Organic fertilizers are readily available to the farmers.

Q8.
Statement: An advertisement by bank X – ‘Our interest rates for education loans are lower than those of any other bank.’
Assumptions:
I. Some other banks also provide education loans
II. Interest rates charged on education loans are different for different banks.

Q9. 
Statement: For any kind of problem with your mobile phone, contact our helpdesk immediately.
Assumptions:
I. Helpdesk has a solution to all kinds of problems related to mobile phones or will guide accordingly.
II. Unless the problem is reported immediately, it cannot be solved.

Q10.
Statement: Use our medicine to fight the problem of obesity.
Assumptions:
I. Other slimming medicines available in the market do not reduce weight.
II. Obesity cannot be controlled without medicines.

Directions (11-15): Each of the questions below consists of a question and three statements numbered I, II and III given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question. Read all the three statements and Give answer
(a) if the data in Statement I and II are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement III are not required to answer the question.
(b) if the data in Statement I and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement II are not required to answer the question.
(c) if the data in Statement II and III are sufficient to answer the question, while the data in Statement I are not required to answer the question.
(d) if the data in Statement I alone or in Statement II alone or in Statement III alone are sufficient to answer the question.
(e) If the data in all the Statements I, II and III together are necessary to answer the question.

Q11.Among six people P, Q, R, S, T and V, each lives on a different floor of a six-storey building having its six floors numbered one to six (the ground floor is numbered 1, the floor above it, number 2, and so on, and the topmost floor is numbered 6). Who lives on the topmost floor?
I. There is only one floor between the floors on which R and Q live. 
II. T does not live on an even-numbered floor. Q lives on an even-numbered floor. Q does not live on the topmost floor.
III. S lives on an odd-numbered floor. There are two floors between the floors on which S and P live. T lives on a floor immediately above R’s floor.

Q12. There are six letters W, A, R, S, N and E. Is ‘ANSWER’ the word formed after performing the following operations using these six letters only?
I. E is placed fourth to the right of A. S is not placed immediately next to either A or E.
II. R is placed immediately next (either left or right) to E. W is placed immediately next (either left or right) to S.
III. Both N and W are placed immediately next to S. The word does not begins with R. A is not placed immediately next to W.

Q13.Point D is in which direction with respect to Point B?
I. Point A is to the west of Point B. Point C is to the north of Point B. Point D is to the south of Point C.
II. Point G is to the south of Point D. Point G is 4m from Point B. Point D is 9m from Point B.
III. Point A is to the west of Point B. Point B is exactly midway between Point A and E. Point F is to the south of Point E. Point D is to the west of Point F.

Q14.How is ‘one’ coded in a coded language?
I. ‘one of its kind, is coded as ‘zo pikofe’ and ‘in kind and cash’ is coded as ‘ga to ruko’.
II. ‘its point for origin’ is coded as ‘ba lefe mi’ and ‘make a point clear’ is coded as ‘yusi mi de’.
III. ‘make money and cash’ is coded as ‘to mi ruhy’ and ‘money of various kind’ is coded as ‘quko zo hy’.

Q15.Are all the four friends, viz A, B, C and D, who are sitting around a circular table, facing the centre?
I. B sits second to the right of D. D faces the centre. C sits on the immediate right of both B and D.
II.  A sits on the immediate left of B. C is not an immediate neighbour of A. C sits on the immediate right of D.
III. D is an immediate neighbour of both A and C. B sits on the immediate left of A. C sits on the immediate right of B.