Reasoning Quiz – II

Direction (1-5): In each of the questions below are given two or three statements followed by four conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

1. Statements:
All jugs are glasses.
All glasses are cookers.
Some cookers are bottles.
Some cookers are plates.

Conclusions:
I. Some jugs are plates.
II. All jugs are cookers
III. Some glasses are not plates.
IV. Some cookers are glasses.

(a) Only I and II follow
(b) Only II and IV follow
(c) Only III and IV follow
(d) Only I, III, and IV follow
(e) None of these

2. Statements:
Some pens are books.
Some books are pencils.
Some pencils are rubbers.
All books are slates.

Conclusions:
I. All pencils are books.
II. All pens are pencils.
III. Some slates are pens.
IV. All slates are books

(a) Only I and II follow
(b) Only III and IV follow
(c) Only III follow
(d) Only I and IV follow
(e) None of these

3. Statements:
All roses which are leaves are flowers.
Some sunflowers which are leaves are not plants.

Conclusions:
I. Some roses which are plants are not flowers.
II. Some flowers which are roses are not sunflowers.
(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Neither I nor II follows
(d) I and II both follow
(e) None of these

4. Statements:
Some animals are not cats.
All elephants are cats.
No Kangaroo is animals.

Conclusions:
I. Some animals who are not elephants are not kangaroos.
II. Some cats are not Kangaroos.

(a) Only I follows
(b) Only II follows
(c) Neither I nor II follows
(d) I and II both follow
(e) None of these

5. Statements:
Some schools are not students are colleges.
No student is a principal.
All schools are principals.

Conclusions:
I. No college is a principal.
II. Some principals are colleges.
III. All colleges are schools.

(a) Only I and III follow
(b) Either I or II follows
(c) Only II follows
(d) Either I or III follows
(e) None of these

Directions (6-10) : Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below:
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: yes no is of name the code Neha
Step I: is yes no of name the code Neha
Step II: is no yes of name the code Neha
Step III: is no of yes name the code Neha
Step IV: is no of the yes name code Neha
Step V: is no of the yes code name Neha
(Step V is the last arrangement of this input)

6. If the following is the second step of the input, what will be the fourth step?
Step II: go oh we all you went are have
(1) go oh we all you went are have
(2) go we oh all are you have went
(3) go oh we all are you have went
(4) Can’t be determined
(5) None of these

7. If the following is the third step of an input, what will be its first step?
Step III: to far has been power growing their demands
(1) to for has been growing their demands power
(2) to has been growing  for their demands power
(3) to for has growing  been their demands power
(4) Can’t be determined
(5) None of these

8. Which of the following is the third step for the following input?
Input: date and month on year happy my dear
(1) my on and date month year dear happy
(2) my on and date dear month year happy
(3) my on and date month year happy dear
(4) my on date and month year happy dear
(5) None of these

9. How many steps are required to get the final output from the following input?
Input: did of do dog cat rat animals ago
(1) Four
(2) Five
(3) Three
(4) Two
(5) None of these

10. If step I of on input is “is state all out to its trying increase”, what step would be “is to all its out state trying increase”?
(1) Five
(2) Six
(3) Seven
(4) Can’t be determined
(5) None of these

ANSWERS
Solutions (1-5)

1. 2;

2. (3) ; Only III Follows

3. (3) Neither I nor II follows

4. (1)

5. (2) Either I or II follows

Solutions (6-10):
The logic of the word arrangement is:
The word with the least number of letters (has only two letters) gets arranged first. If the number of words with the same number of letters is more than one, alphabetical preference is given.

6. (3)
Step II: go oh we all you went are have
Step III: go oh we all are you went have
Step IV: go oh we all are you have went

7. (4) Previous steps can’t be determined

8. (3)
Input: date and month on year happy my dear
Step I: my date and month on year happy dear
Step II: my on date and month year happy dear
Step III: my on and date month year happy dear

9. (1) :
Input: did of do dog cat rat animals ago
Step I : do did of dog  cat rat animals ago
Step II: do of did dog  cat rat animals ago
Step III: do of ago did dog  cat rat animals
Step IV: do of ago cat did dog  rat animals

10. (1)