Reasoning Quiz on Statements & Assumptions

Directions (1-10): You have to
consider the statement and the following assumptions/inferences and decide
which of those is /are implicit in the statement. 
Give answers-
(1) If only
I is Implicit                            
(2) If only
II is Implicit
(3) If
either I or II is Implicit                   
(4) If
neither I nor II is Implicit
(5) If both
I and II are Implicit
1.      Statement: An advertisement in the newspaper-“Learn
a foreign language course to get a cash paying job”.
Assumptions:
I. All those who learn foreign
language get highly paid jobs.
II. Only a foreign language can get
someone a high paying job.

2.      Statement:
 The school environment for students should be
made “free from fear, trauma and anxiety” to make the right to education a
grand national movement.
Assumptions:
I. The right to education movement is
desirable for the betterment of society
II. Children feel a lot of anxiety and
stress at school
3.      Statement: A leading actor bought a tortoise for
$400 million in order to save it from the hands of an illegal animal trader?
Assumptions:
I. The tortoise would sell for a
bigger amount than what the actor bought it for
II. The tortoise faces danger in the
hands of the animal trader.
4.      Statement: A leading car manufacturer has
re-introduced a new model of existing car with modified and peppy looks but
with the same engine?
Assumptions:
I. Engine’s performance is not as
important as the looks of the car
II. Looks of the vehicle are important
to the buyers.
5.      Statement: As the existing sanctuaries failed to
protect the lions from poachers, the state government decided to open two new
sanctuaries in the same area.
Assumptions:
I. These are not enough lions left to
the protect from the poachers
II. Keeping lions n captivity rather
than in sanctuaries can ensure their safety from the poachers.
6.    Statement: ‘you are hereby appointed as a
programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be
reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation’ – A line in an appointment
letter
Assumptions:
I. The performance of an individual
generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to
prove his worth in the probation period.
7.    Statement: It is desirable to put the child in
school at the age of 5 or 50.
Assumptions:
I. At this age the child reaches
appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children
after six years of age.
8.    Statement: ‘In order to bring punctuality in our
office, we must provide conveyance allowance to our employees’ – In change of a
company tells personal manager.
Assumptions:
I. Conveyance allowance will not help
in bringing punctuality
II. Discipline and reward should
always go hand in hand
9.    Statement: Safety and health practices in many
Indian companies are well below the International standards.
Assumptions:
I. International standard of health
and safety are ideal and unrealistic.
II. Indian organizations do not
consider safety and health management as their prime social responsibility.
10.  Statement: Beware of dogs, our dogs do not bark
but they are trained to distinguish between genuine guests and intruders.
Assumptions:
I. Barking dogs bite rarely.
II. Our dogs could be dangerous for
intruders.
Answers
1
1
6
5
2
2
7
1
3
2
8
2
4
5
9
2
5
4
10
2
7.
(1)
The performance
of the individual has to be tasted over a span of time as the statement
mentions. So I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual’s worth
shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation so II is also
implicit.
8.
(2):
Assumption I
goes against the statement. So, it is not implicit. The allowance will serve as
a reward to the employees and shall provoke them to come on time. So, II is
implicit.
9.
(2):
I is not
implicit. It is clearly criticism of Indian organizations not paying
considerable attention to those aspects. So, II is implicit.

10.
(2)
The statement
clearly warns the visitors to beware of dogs as they are trained to welcome the
guest and intruders differently. So, II is implicit. I is vague and hence, It
is not implicit.