Reasoning Quiz – Part I

Directions (1-4): In the following questions, the Symbols @, ©, $ , % and # are used with the following meanings as illustrated below.
‘A $ B’ means ‘A is not smaller than B’.
‘A # B’ means ‘A is not greater then B’.
‘A @ B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’.
‘A © B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor greater than B’.
‘A % B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’.
In each of the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and I I given below these are definitely true.

1. Statements: H % J, J © N, N @ R
Conclusions:
I. R % J
II. H @ J
III. N @ H
(1) Only II is true
(2) Only I and III are true
(3) Only I is true
(4) Only III is true
(5) None of these

2. Statements: M @ J, J $ T, T © N
Conclusions:
I. N # J
II. T %M
III. M @ N
(1) Only I and II are true
(2) Only II and III are true
(3) Only I and III are true
(4) None of true
(5) All are true
3. Statements: D © K, K # F, F @ P
Conclusions:
I. P @ D
II. K # P
III. F $ D
(1) Only II is true
(2) Only I and II are true
(3) Only III is true
(4) Only II and III are true
(5) None of these
4. Statements: K # N, N $ T, T % J
Conclusions:
I. J @ N
II. K @ T
III. T @ K
(1) Only I and II are true
(2) Only II and III is true
(3) Only I and III are true
(4) None is true
(5) None of these
Directions (5-6): In the following questions, the Symbols @, #, $ , % and * are used with the following meanings as illustrated below.
‘A $ B’ means ‘A is not smaller than B’.
‘A % B’ means ‘A is not greater then B’.
‘A @ B’ means ‘A is neither smaller than nor equal to B’.
‘A * B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor smaller than B’.
‘A # B’ means ‘A is neither greater than nor equal to B’.
In each of the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the three conclusions I,II and III given below them is/are definitely true.

5. Statements: D * Q, Q @ L, L $ B, B # G
Conclusions:
I. D @ B
II. B * D
III. G @ L
(1) Either I or II only
(2) I and II only
(3) I only      
(4) II and III only
(5) None of these
6. Statements: Z @ Y, Y # K, K % M, M @ T
Conclusions:
I. Z @ M
II. Y @ T
III. Z # K
(1) I only
(2) II and III only
(3) Either I or II only
(4) All I,II and III
(5) None of these
Directions (7 – 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
A, B, H, K, M, P, R and S are eight team heads and are sitting around a square table in such a way that four of them sit at four corners of the square and face the centre while four sit in the middle of each of the four sides and face outward. B does not sit at any of the corners but sits second to the right of S. M sits third to the right of P. P is not an immediate neighbour of S. R and K are immediate neighbours of each other but R does not sit at any of the corners of the table. H is an immediate neighbour of neither P nor S.


7. What is the position of P with respect to M?
(1) Immediate left
(2) Third to the right

(3) Second to the left
(4) Third to the left
(5) None of these


8. Who among the following sits second to the right of K?
(1) M
(2) B

(3) A
(4) S
(5) H
9. Who among the following are the immediate neighbours of H?
(1) M, K
(2) B, R
(3) B, M
(4) A, R
(5) A, K
10. Who among the following sit(s) exactly between P and A?
(1) Only B
(2) K and R
(3) Only H
(4) H and M
(5) No one sits between P and A


Directions (11 – 15): Read the following information carefully and answer the given questions.

Eight people A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H work in three different companies: X, Y and Z. Out of these, two are female who work in different companies and have different specializations. Two of them are specialists in Finance, two in HR, two in Marketing and one each is an Engineer and a Computer Specialist. D, working in a company X has specialized in HR and her friend G, a Finance Specialist is working in company Z. H, an HR specialist, is working with B, a Marketing Specialist and does not work in company Y. C is not a Computer Specialist. No two people with the same specialization work together. F is a specialist in Marketing working in company Y and his friend A has specialized in Finance and is working company X with only one another Specialist. Not more than three of them work in company Z. No female is an Engineer or a Computer Specialist.


11. In which two companies do the HR specialist work?
(1) X and Y
(2) Y and Z

(3) X and Z
(4) Data inadequate
(5) None of these
12. Who is the Computer Specialist?
(1) C
(2) E
(3) H
(4) Data inadequate
(5) None of these
13. Which of the following represents the two females?
(1) DB
(2) DH
(3) DG
(4) Either (1) or (3)
(5) None of These
14. Which of the following is the speciality of C?
(1) Marketing
(2) Finance
(3) Computer
(4) Engineer
(5) None of These
15.  In which company does C work?
(1) Y
(2) Z
(3) X
(4) Y or Z
(5) None of These


Answers:


1. (2)
H % J  = H < J
J © N  = J = N
N @ R  = N > R
Therefore, H < J = N > R
Conclusions:
I. R % J  = R < J ( True )
II. H @ J  =H > J ( Not true)
III. N @ J   =N > H (True)

2. (5)
M % J  = M  > J
J $ T  = J = T
T © N  =T = N
Therefore, M > J = T = N
Conclusions:
I. N # J  = N = J ( true )
II. T % M  = T < M ( true)
III. M @ N  =M > N ( true)

3. (3)
D © K -> D = K
K # F -> K = F
F @ P -> F > P
Therefore, D = K = F > P
Conclusions:
I. P @ D -> P > D ( Not true )
II. K # P -> K = P ( Not true )
III.F $ D -> F = D ( True )

4. (4)
K # N -> K = N
N $ T -> N = T
T % J -> T > J
Therefore, K = N = T > J
Conclusions:
I. J @ N -> J > N ( Not true )
II. K @ T -> K > T ( Not true )
III.T @ K -> T > K ( Not true )

5. (3)
Statements D * Q -> D = Q
D @ L -> Q > L
L $ B -> L = B
B # G -> B < G
Therefore, D = Q > L = B < G
Conclusions:
I. D @ B -> D > B ( True )
II. B * D -> B = D ( Not true)
III.G @ L -> G < L (Not true)

6. (5)
Statements: Z @ Y -> Z > Y
Y # K -> Y < K
K % M -> K = M
M @ T -> M > T
Therefore, Z > Y < K = M > T
Conclusions:
I. Z @ Y -> Z > Y (Not true )
II. Y @ T -> Y > T ( Not true)
III.Z # K -> Z < K (Not true)


Solutions (7-10):

7. (2)
8. (5)
9. (2)
10. (5)
Solutions (11-15):

PERSON
GENDER
COMPANY
SPECIALISATION
A
Male
X
Finance
B
Male/Female
Z
Marketing
C
Male
Y
Engineer
D
Female
X
HR
E
Male
Y
Computer Specialist
F
Male
Y
Marketing
G
Male/Female
Z
Finance
H
Male
Z
HR

11. (3)
12. (2)
13. (4)
14. (4)
15. (1)

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