Reasoning Quiz

Directions (Q.1 -5 ): Each question below is followed by two statements I and II. You are to determine whether the data given in the statement is sufficient to answer the question. You should use the data and your knowledge of Mathematics to choose between the possible answers.

Give answer—
1) If the statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement II alone is not sufficient.
2) If the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement I alone is not sufficient.
3) If either the statement I alone or the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question.
4) If you cannot get the answer from the statements I and II together, but need more data.
5) If both statements I and II together are needed to answer the question.

1. If “Ram and Rahul are friends” is coded as “mr ea sf ua ad”, in a certain code language. Then how “hockey” is coded in that language?
I. “Ram plays cricket” is coded as “kr mr ps”.
II. “Rahul plays hockey” is coded as “ua ce ps”.

2. Who is the tallest among A, B, C, D and E.
I. C is shorter than D but taller than at least two people. E is shorter than B.
II. D is taller than at least 3 people. A is taller than E and C.

3. In a family of 5 people. How is Tanya related to Dhruv?
I. Rakesh is father-in-law of Tanya and Dhruv is son of Tanya.
II. Dhruv’s sister is Payal who is Kapil’s daughter. Dhruv is grandson of Rakesh.

4. Five friends P, Q, R, S, T are wearing five caps of colour Blue, Saffron, Pink, White and Red. No person is wearing the cap of the colour whose first letter is similar to that of the person’s name. Is Q wearing a Red cap?
I. P is not wearing either of saffron or blue colour cap.
T is not wearing red or saffron colour cap.
Q is not wearing white or blue colour cap.

II. S is wearing blue or white colour cap.
R is wearing saffron or blue colour cap.
T is wearing white or saffron colour cap.

5. Is X an even number?
I. x × y is an odd number.
II. (x × z + 3y) is an odd number.

Directions: (Q. 6 – 8): In each question below a statement is given followed by two courses of action numbered I and II. A course of action is a practicable and feasible step or administrative decision to be taken for follow-up, improvement, or further action with regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follows(s). 
Give answer-
1) If only I follows.
2) If only II follows.
3) If either I or II follows.
4) If neither I nor II follows.
5) If both I and II follow.

6. Statement: India’s massive rail network has been hit by an average of 200 accidents a year.
Courses of action:
I. The Railway ministry should increase the number of railway tracks so that problem can be solved.
II. The Railways should assign a team to inspect and improve safety and signaling equipment.

7. Statement: Percentage of people paying income tax in India is 0.8% of the total population.
Courses of action:
I. The government should abolish income tax altogether because it costs more to collect income tax than what is earned from that.
II. Government should target those who don’t pay tax properly and charge a heavy penalty.

8. Statement: Inflation continues to be a big problem. Even as recession has petered away, shopkeepers are selling essential commodities at high prices.
Courses of action:
I. Government should give subsidy to poor people so that they can buy essential commodities.
II. Government should appoint a committee to draft guidelines for regulating selling price of essential commodities.

Directions (Q. 9 – 12): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbers I and II. An Assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider statement and the following assumption and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Given Answer –
(1) If only I is implicit.
(2) If only II is implicit.
(3) If either I or II is implicit.
(4) If neither I nor II is implicit.
(5) If both I and II are implicit.

9. Statement: If you want to inhance the beauty of the eyes of your painting, use ‘000’ brush.
Assumption:
I. There are different types of brush for paintings
II. The person being told understands what is ‘000’ brush.

10. Statements: The personalities we developed as children stay with us throughout our life.
Assumption:
I. Personality is a part of us, a part of our biology.
II. Children behaviour is the representative of their parents personalities.

11. Statements: If we recycle old, unused phones we could save 240,000 tonnes of raw material.
Assumption:
I. By recycling mobile we could save energy and pollution.
II. Mobile waste may be useful for other technological development.

12. Statements: If you want to be successful in IIT exam then join us-an advertisement of a coaching
Assumption:
I. Every student from this coaching got selected in IIT.
II. This coaching can help to develop the skill of students to track the IIT entrance exam.

Solutions 
1. 5
2. 4
3. 4;      Even by using both the statements together
gender of Tanya cannot be determined. So, we cannot say if Tanya is mother or
father of Dhruv.
4. 2;       Using statement II only we get a unique
solution that Q is not wearing a red cap.
5. 1;       Using statement I only we can determine
that is is an odd number but using II only we cannot determine.
 6. 2;       I is not a practical course of action. II
follows, as enquiry is the norm after every failures/incidents.
7. 2;   
8. 2;    
9. 5;      There are different types of brushes available in market and
the one who interests in market and the one who interests in painting, mostly
know about the brushes, so both assumption follows.
10. 1;     
11. 2;    Other useful equipment can be made with mobile waste.

12. 2;      Coaching
and institute can guide and provide a way to track the exam. So assumption II
follows.